Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute

Beijing, China

Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute

Beijing, China
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Dong X.,Beijing Institute of Control Engineering | Dong X.,Fudan University | Dong X.,Beijing Fiveplus Molecular Medicine Institute | Tian W.,Beijing Institute of Control Engineering | And 3 more authors.
Shengwu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

We developed a scalable AAV5/5 vector packaging system by using replication competent recombinant herpes simplex type 1 virus as helper virus. The fragment containing rep and cap genes of AAV5 was inserted into the non-necessary gene (UL2) of HSV1 genome, resulting in the helper virus rHSV1-rep5cap5. An AAV5/5 vector pAAV5neo carrying two AAV5 ITRs was constructed by inserting a neo gene expression cassette into the plasmid backbone of pAV5CMV-GFP. pAAV5neo-EGFP was constructed by inserting EGFP gene into pAAV5neo. BHK21 cell was transfected with pAAV5neo-EGFP and cultured in the presence of G418. EGFP expression positive monoclonal cells were picked up, and one that produced rAAV5/5-EGFP with the highest efficiency under the help of rHSV1-rep5cap5 was chosen as the production cell line named as C020. rAAV5/5-EGFP was produced by infecting C020 cells with rHSV1-rep5cap5, and crudely purified by our previous method of 'chloroform treatment- PEG8000/NaCl precipitation- chloroform extract'. rAAV5/5-EGFP preparation with high purity was obtained by ultrafiltration with molecular weight cut-off value of 100 kDa. SDS-PAGE stained with Coomassie brilliant blue R250 showed clearly specific pattern of three bands of AAV capsid proteins. rAAV5/5-EGFP was also assayed using negative stain transmission electron microscopy and the majority of the virus particles were found solid. About 30% green fluorescent cells could be seen after infecting HEK293 cells with rAAV5/5-EGFP 24 h at 1×10 5 vg/cell. In conclusion, we have established an efficient AAV5/5 vector production system and could produce recombinant AAV5/5 virus in large amounts for gene therapy research. © 2010 CJB, All rights reserved.


Cao C.,Hunan Normal University | Dong X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Wu X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Wen B.,Hunan Normal University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Virology | Year: 2012

Adenovirus (Ad) cell attachment is initiated by the attachment of the fiber protein to a primary receptor (usually CAR or CD46).This event is followed bythe engagement of the penton base protein with a secondary receptor (integrin) via its loop region, which contains an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif, to trigger virus internalization. To understand the well-orchestrated adenovirus cell attachment process that involves the fiber and the penton base, we reconstructed the structure of an Ad5F35capsid, comprising an adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) capsid pseudotyped with an Ad35 fiber, at a resolution of approximately 4.2 Å. The fiber-penton base interaction in thecryo-electron microscopic (cryo-EM) structure of Ad5F35 is similar to that in the cryo-EM structure of Ad5, indicating that the fiber-penton base interaction of adenovirus is conserved. Our structure also confirms that the C-terminal segment of the fiber tail domain constitutes thebottom trunk of the fiber shaft. Based onthe conserved fiber-penton base interaction, we have proposed a model for the interaction of Ad5F35 with its primary and secondary receptors. This model could provide insight for designing adenovirus gene delivery vectors. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology.


Tian W.,Jilin University | Dong X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Wu X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Wu Z.,U.S. National Institutes of Health
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2013

There is a lack of methods for high-throughput functional microRNA (miRNA) profiling. In this chapter, we describe a recombinant adeno-associated virus-based miRNA sensor array (miRNA Asensor array), which is able to profile functional miRNAs in cultured cells. The preparation of an miRNA Asensor array and its usage are discussed. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media, New York.


Chen S.,Wenzhou Medical College | Chen S.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | He Q.,Southern Medical University | Dong X.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | And 4 more authors.
Shengwu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

In order to get soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR) II with good neutralizing activity against TNFα, we constructed the fusion gene sTNFRII-gAD, which encoded human sTNFR II and the globular domain of adiponectin (gAD), and then expressed it in mammalian cells and analyzed its anti-TNFα activity. First, sTNFRII cDNA was obtained by RT-PCR from the total RNA of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, and fused in frame with gAD gene. Then, the fusion gene sTNFRII-gAD was cloned into the expression vector pAAV2neo to result in the plasmid pAAV2neo-sTNFRII-gAD. By immunofluorescent staining with monoclonal antibody either against TNFRII or against adiponectin, we demonstrated that the pAAV2neo-sTNFRII-gAD-transiently-transfected BHK-21S cells were positive. To obtain G418-resistant BHK-21S/pAAV2neo-sTNFRII-gAD cells, we cultured the transfected BHK-21S cells above in 10% FBS containing DMEM media with 800 μg/mL G418 for 15 days, and changed the serum-containing culture media to a serum-free chemically defined media so as to change the cells culturing style from adhesion to suspension. 24 hours later, we harvested the supernatant of the culture for sTNFRII-gAD fusion protein characterization and anti-TNFα activity analysis. With monoclonal antibody either against TNFRII or against adiponectin, the Western blotting analysis showed that the sTNFRII-gAD fusion protein was expressed and existed as monomer, trimer and multimer forms in the supernatant. The bioactivity assay demonstrated that the sTNFRII-gAD fusion protein had the ability to neutralize TNFα so as to inhibit the cytotoxicity of TNFα on L929 cells. Put together, this study has laid the groundwork for large-scale preparation of sTNFRII-gAD fusion protein. © 2010 CJB, All rights reserved.


Zhou X.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Shen L.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Liu L.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Wang C.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | And 5 more authors.
Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics | Year: 2016

Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) 2 vector gene therapy offers promise for the healing of Rheumatoid arthritis. To support the clinical development of the candidate gene therapeutic product in China, a comprehensive preclinical safety assessment of rAAV2 encoding human TNF receptor-immunoglobulin Fc fusion gene (rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc), were conducted in 3 species of experimental animals. No abnormal findings were observed in mice following single intravenous administration with test article. Compared with the control group, no differences in mean body weight, food consumption in rats and monkeys following the repeated intraarticular administration with rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc. There were also no significant adverse effects due to treatment noted by clinical chemistry, hematology and pathology assessments. After intraarticular administration with rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc, the vector DNA initially distributed to spleen, lymph nodes, and joint synovium. The vector DNA cleared rapidly as it could be detected mainly at the site of injection by 91 d post-administration (182 d for monkey). Taken together, localized delivery of rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc showed no significant toxicity in mice, rats, and monkeys, which support the planned clinical evaluation of this product. © 2016, Taylor & Francis.


Tian W.,Jilin University | Tian W.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Dong X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Dong X.,Fudan University | And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: microRNAs (miRNAs) are small and non-coding RNAs which play critical roles in physiological and pathological processes. A number of methods have been established to detect and quantify miRNA expression. However, method for high-throughput miRNA function detection is still lacking. Principal Findings: We describe an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector-based microRNA (miRNA) sensor (Asensor) array for high-throughput functional miRNA profiling. Each Asensor contains a Gaussia luciferase (Gluc) and a firefly luciferase (Fluc) expression cassette to sense functional miRNA and to serve as an internal control respectively. Using this array, we acquired functional profiles of 115 miRNAs for 12 cell lines and found "functional miRNA signatures" for several specific cell lines. The activities of specific miRNAs including the let-7 family, miR-17-92 cluster, miR-221, and miR-222 in HEK 293 cells were compared with their expression levels determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR). We also demonstrate two other practical applications of the array, including a comparison of the miRNA activity between HEK293 and HEK293T cells and the ability to monitor miRNA activity changes in K562 cells treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Conclusions/Significance: Our approach has potential applications in the identification of cell types, the characterization of biological and pathological processes, and the evaluation of responses to interventions. © 2012 Tian et al.


Dong X.,Fudan University | Dong X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Tian W.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Wang G.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: The development of a convenient high-throughput gene transduction approach is critical for biological screening. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are broadly used in gene therapy studies, yet their applications in in vitro high-throughput gene transduction are limited. Principal Findings: We established an AAV reverse infection (RI)-based method in which cells were transduced by quantified recombinant AAVs (rAAVs) pre-coated onto 96-well plates. The number of pre-coated rAAV particles and number of cells loaded per well, as well as the temperature stability of the rAAVs on the plates, were evaluated. As the first application of this method, six serotypes or hybrid serotypes of rAAVs (AAV1, AAV2, AAV5/5, AAV8, AAV25 m, AAV28 m) were compared for their transduction efficiencies using various cell lines, including BHK21, HEK293, BEAS-2BS, HeLaS3, Huh7, Hepa1-6, and A549. AAV2 and AAV1 displayed high transduction efficiency; thus, they were deemed to be suitable candidate vectors for the RI-based array. We next evaluated the impact of sodium butyrate (NaB) treatment on rAAV vectormediated reporter gene expression and found it was significantly enhanced, suggesting that our system reflected the biological response of target cells to specific treatments. Conclusions/Significance: Our study provides a novel method for establishing a highly efficient gene transduction array that may be developed into a platform for cell biological assays. © 2010 Dong et al.


Wang G.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Dong X.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | Tian W.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Tian W.,Jilin University | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Objective: Intratumoral administration of adenoviral vector encoding herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) gene (Ad-TK) followed by systemic ganciclovir (GCV) is an effective approach in treating experimental hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, hepatotoxicity due to unwanted vector spread and suicide gene expression limited the application of this therapy. miR-122 is an abundant, liver-specific microRNA whose expression is decreased in human primary HCC and HCC-derived cell lines. These different expression profiles provide an opportunity to induce tumor-specific gene expression by miR-122 regulation. Methods: By inserting miR-122 target sequences (miR-122T) in the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of TK gene, we constructed adenovirus (Ad) vectors expressing miR-122-regulated TK (Ad-TK-122T) and report genes. After intratumoral administration of Ad vectors into an orthotopic miR-122-deficient HCC mouse model, we observed the miR-122-regulated transgene expression and assessed the antitumor activity and safety of Ad-TK-122T. Results: Insertion of miR-122T specifically down-regulated transgene expression in vitro and selectively protected the miR-122-positive cells from killing by TK/GCV treatment. Insertion of miR-122T led to significant reduction of tansgene expression in the liver without inhibition of its expression in tumors in vivo, resulting in an 11-fold improvement of tumor-specific transgene expression. Intratumoral injection of Ad vectors mediated TK/GCV system led to a vector dosage-dependent regression of tumor. The insertion of miR-122T does not influence the antitumor effects of suicide gene therapy. Whereas mice administrated with Ad-TK showed severe lethal hepatotoxicity at the effective therapeutic dose, no liver damage was found in Ad-TK-122T group. Conclusions: miR-122-regulated TK expression achieved effective anti-tumor effects and increased the safety of intratumoral delivery of adenovirus-mediated TK/GCV gene therapy for miR-122-deficient HCC. © Chinese Journal of Cancer Research. All rights reserved.


Wang G.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Dong X.Y.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | Dong X.Y.,Institute of Genetics | Dong X.Y.,Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute | And 6 more authors.
Science China Life Sciences | Year: 2011

Technology for monitoring in vivo microRNA (miRNA) activity is extremely important for elucidating miRNA biology. However, in vivo studies of miRNA have been hampered by the lack of a convenient approach to reliably reflect real-time functional changes in miRNAs. Sensors for miRNA were developed by adding miRNA target sequences to the 3′-untranslated region of Gaussia princeps luciferase (Gluc) mRNA. These sensors were then evaluated in vitro and in vivo by measuring Gluc activity in cell supernatants and in peripheral blood. Sensors driven by the CMV promoter were effective for monitoring miR-122 in living cells, but not for the long-term monitoring of miR-122 or miR-142 in mouse liver because of CMV-promoter silencing. Replacing the CMV promoter with a CAG promoter rendered these sensors effective for the long-term monitoring of relevant liver miRNA activities. We subsequently used the CAG-promoter-based sensor for the long-term monitoring of endogenous liver miR-122, miR142 and miR-34a activities, as well as for exogenous miR-34a activity. Our study demonstrates that real-time in vivo activities of miRNAs can be continuously and conveniently detected in mouse liver using the sensors that we have developed. © 2011 The Author(s).


PubMed | Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute, Jilin University, China; ; Beijing Yizhuang International Biomedical Investment & Management Co. and Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Chinese journal of cancer research = Chung-kuo yen cheng yen chiu | Year: 2014

Intratumoral administration of adenoviral vector encoding herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) gene (Ad-TK) followed by systemic ganciclovir (GCV) is an effective approach in treating experimental hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, hepatotoxicity due to unwanted vector spread and suicide gene expression limited the application of this therapy. miR-122 is an abundant, liver-specific microRNA whose expression is decreased in human primary HCC and HCC-derived cell lines. These different expression profiles provide an opportunity to induce tumor-specific gene expression by miR-122 regulation.By inserting miR-122 target sequences (miR-122T) in the 3 untranslated region (UTR) of TK gene, we constructed adenovirus (Ad) vectors expressing miR-122-regulated TK (Ad-TK-122T) and report genes. After intratumoral administration of Ad vectors into an orthotopic miR-122-deficient HCC mouse model, we observed the miR-122-regulated transgene expression and assessed the antitumor activity and safety of Ad-TK-122T.Insertion of miR-122T specifically down-regulated transgene expression in vitro and selectively protected the miR-122-positive cells from killing by TK/GCV treatment. Insertion of miR-122T led to significant reduction of tansgene expression in the liver without inhibition of its expression in tumors in vivo, resulting in an 11-fold improvement of tumor-specific transgene expression. Intratumoral injection of Ad vectors mediated TK/GCV system led to a vector dosage-dependent regression of tumor. The insertion of miR-122T does not influence the antitumor effects of suicide gene therapy. Whereas mice administrated with Ad-TK showed severe lethal hepatotoxicity at the effective therapeutic dose, no liver damage was found in Ad-TK-122T group.miR-122-regulated TK expression achieved effective anti-tumor effects and increased the safety of intratumoral delivery of adenovirus-mediated TK/GCV gene therapy for miR-122-deficient HCC.

Loading Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute collaborators
Loading Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute collaborators