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Wang S.,Beijing University of Technology | Wang S.,Beijing Engineering Research Center for Software and System | Wang B.,Beijing University of Technology | Wang B.,Beijing Engineering Research Center for Software and System | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing | Year: 2015

Spatial resolution enhancement of hyperspectral images is one of the key and difficult topics in the field of imaging spectrometry. The redundant dictionary based sparse representation theory is introduced, and a spatial resolution enhancement algorithm is proposed. In this algorithm, a pixel curve instead of a pixel patch is taken as the unit of processing. A pair of low- and high-resolution respective redundant dictionaries are joint trained, with the constraint that a pair of high- and low-resolution corresponded pixel curves can be sparse represented by same coefficients according to the respected dictionaries. In the process of super-resolution restoration, the low-resolution hyperspectral image is first sparse decomposed based on the low-resolution redundant dictionary and then the obtained coefficients are used to reconstruct the corresponding high-resolution image with respect to the high-resolution dictionary. The maximum a posteriori based constrained optimization is performed to further improve the quality of the reconstructed high-frequency information. Experimental results show that the pixel curve based sparse representation is more suitable for a hyperspectral image; the highly spectral correlations are better used for resolution enhancement. In comparison with the traditional bilinear interpolation method and other referenced super-resolution algorithms, the proposed algorithm is superior in both objective and subjective results. © The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI.

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