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Chen Z.,Beihang University | Umar A.,Najran University | Wang S.,Beihang University | Wang Y.,Beihang University | And 7 more authors.
Nanoscale | Year: 2015

This study reports the supramolecular assembly of a silver nanoparticle-naphthalene-1-sulphonic acid-reduced graphene oxide composite (Ag-NA-rGO) and its utilization to fabricate a highly sensitive and selective gas sensor. The prepared supramolecular assembly acted not only as a non-covalent functionalization platform (π-π interaction) but was also an excellent scaffold to fabricate a highly sensitive and selective low concentration NO2 gas sensor. The prepared composites were characterized using several techniques, which revealed that the graphene sheets were dispersed as ultrathin monolayers with a uniform distribution of silver nanoparticles. The fabricated multilevel structure exhibited an excellent sensing performance, i.e. 2.8 times better, towards 10 ppm NO2 compared to the NA-rGO and rGO based sensors. Apart from its high sensitivity, superior reversibility and selectivity, the prepared supramolecular assembly exhibited an outstanding linear response over the large concentration range from 1 ppm to 10 ppm. The obtained results demonstrate that the prepared supramolecular assembly holds great potential in the fabrication of efficient and effective low-concentration NO2 gas sensors for practical applications. © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Wang S.,Beihang University | Chen Z.,Beihang University | Umar A.,Najran University | Wang Y.,Beihang University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2015

We report the fabrication and detailed characterization of an ultrafast responsive, excellently stable and reproducible humidity sensor based on a supramolecularly modified graphene composite. The fabricated humidity sensors exhibited a response and recovery time of less than 1 s, which is the lowest among the values found in the literature. In addition, various sensing performances of the fabricated humidity sensors were studied in detail, and the corresponding kinetic model and mechanism have also been deduced and described. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

Wang L.,Jilin University | He Y.,Jilin University | Hu J.,Jilin University | Qi Q.,Jilin University | And 2 more authors.
Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical | Year: 2011

Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanofibers were synthesized by electrospinning and calcination techniques. Two direct current (DC) humidity sensors with different electrodes (Al and Ag) were fabricated by loading BaTiO3 nanofibers as the sensing material. Compared with the Al electrode sensor, the Ag electrode sensor exhibits larger sensitivity and quicker response/recovery. The current of Al electrode sensor increases from 4.08 × 10-9 to 1.68 × 10-7 A when the sensor is switched from 11% to 95% relative humidity (RH), while the values are 2.19 × 10-9 and 3.29 × 10-7 A for the Ag electrode sensor, respectively. The corresponding response and recovery times are 30 and 9 s for Al electrode sensor, and 20 and 3 s for Ag electrode sensor, respectively. These results make BaTiO3 nanofiber-based DC humidity sensors good candidates for practical application. Simultaneously, the comparison of sensors with different electrode materials may offer an effective route for designing and optimizing humidity sensors. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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