Beijing Dairy Cattle Center

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Beijing Dairy Cattle Center

Beijing, China

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Alim M.A.,China Agricultural University | Fan Y.P.,China Agricultural University | Wu X.P.,China Agricultural University | Xie Y.,China Agricultural University | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is a multifunctional complex enzyme important in the cellular biosynthesis of fatty acids. The present study was to investigate the association of the SCD gene with milk production traits in dairy cattle. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (g.6926A>G and g.8646A>G) in introns 3 and 4, and three SNPs (g.10153A>G, g.10213T>C and g.10329C>T) in exon 5 were identified with pooled DNA sequencing and genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry assay in 752 Chinese Holstein cows. Polymorphism g.10329C>T was predicted to result in an amino acid replacement from alanine to valine in the SCD protein. With a mixed animal model, the significant associations of the five SNPs with 305-day milk, fat and protein yields and protein percentage were determined. We further demonstrated cows with heterozygous genotypes (A/G or C/T) had highest 305 day milk yield, fat yield, protein yield and lowest protein percentage. Heterozygous cows with genotype AG at the g.6926A>G locus showed the greatest milk yield (P < 0.0001), fat yield (P < 0.0001) and protein yield (P < 0.0001) among other heterozygous genotypes at any of the loci. Dominance effects of all identified SNPs on milk, fat and protein yields and protein percentage were significant. Moreover, significant allele substitution effects at g.6926A>G locus on milk yield and at g.10213T>C on protein yield were observed. Five-locus haplotypes and strong linkage disequilibrium (D′ > 0.9) between the five SNPs were also observed. The results suggest that identified polymorphisms could be potential genetic markers to improve the production performance of Chinese Holstein. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Li C.,China Agricultural University | Sun D.,China Agricultural University | Zhang S.,China Agricultural University | Liu L.,Beijing Dairy Cattle Center | And 2 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2016

The stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) gene encodes a key enzyme in the cellular biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids. In our initial genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Chinese Holstein cows, 19 SNPs fell in a 1.8-Mb region (20.3–22.1 Mb) on chromosome 26 underlying the SCD gene and were highly significantly associated with C14:1 or C14 index. The aims of this study were to verify whether the SCD gene has significant genetic effects on milk fatty acid composition in dairy cattle. By resequencing the entire coding region of the bovine SCD gene, a total of six variations were identified, including three coding variations (g.10153G>A, g.10213T>C and g.10329C>T) and three intronic variations (g.6926A>G, g.8646G>A and g.16158G>C). The SNP in exon 3, g.10329C>T, was predicted to result in an amino acid replacement from alanine (GCG) to valine (GTG) in the SCD protein. An association study for 16 milk fatty acids using 346 Chinese Holstein cows with accurate phenotypes and genotypes was performed using the mixed animal model with the proc mixed procedure in sas 9.2. All six detected SNPs were revealed to be associated with six medium- and long-chain unsaturated fatty acids (P = 0.0457 to P < 0.0001), specifically for C14:1 and C14 index (P = 0.0005 to P < 0.0001). Subsequently, strong linkage disequilibrium (D′ = 0.88–1.00) was observed among all six SNPs in SCD and the five SNPs (rs41623887, rs109923480, rs42090224, rs42092174 and rs42091426) within the 1.8-Mb region identified in our previous GWAS, indicating that the significant association of the SCD gene with milk fatty acid content traits reduced the observed significant 1.8-Mb chromosome region in GWAS. Haplotype-based analysis revealed significant associations of the haplotypes encompassing the six SCD SNPs and one SNP (rs109923480) in a GWAS with C14:1, C14 index, C16:1 and C16 index (P = 0.0011 to P < 0.0001). In summary, our findings provide replicate evidence for our previous GWAS and demonstrate that variants in the SCD gene are significantly associated with milk fatty acid composition in dairy cattle, which provides clear evidence for an increased understanding of milk fatty acid synthesis and enhances opportunities to improve milk-fat composition in dairy cattle. © 2016 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics


Fan Y.,China Agricultural University | Wang P.,China Agricultural University | Fu W.,China Agricultural University | Dong T.,China Agricultural University | And 9 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2014

With the Illumina BovineSNP50K BeadChip, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for two pigmentation traits in a Chinese Holstein population: proportion of black (PB) and teat colour (TC). A case-control design was used. Cases were the cows with PB <0.30 (n = 129) and TC <2 points (n = 140); controls were those with PB >0.90 (n = 58) and TC >4 points (n = 281). The RM test of ROADTRIPS (version 1.2) was applied to detect SNPs for the two traits with 42 883 and 42 741 SNPs respectively. A total of nine and 12 genome-wide significant (P < 0.05) SNPs associated with PB and TC respectively were identified. Of these, two SNPs for PB were located within the KIT and IGFBP7 genes, and the other four SNPs were 23-212 kb away from the PDGFRA gene on BTA6; nine SNPs associated with TC were located within or 21-78.8 kb away from known genes on chromosomes 4, 11, 22, 23 and 24. By combing through our GWAS results and the biological functions of the genes, we suggest that the KIT, IGFBP7, PDGFRA, MITF, ING3 and WNT16 genes are promising candidates for PB and TC in Holstein cattle, providing a basis for further investigation on the genetic mechanism of pigmentation formation. © 2014 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.


Li C.,China Agricultural University | Sun D.,China Agricultural University | Zhang S.,China Agricultural University | Yang S.,China Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
BMC Genetics | Year: 2016

Background: A previous genome-wide association study deduced that one (ARS-BFGL-NGS-39328), two (Hapmap26001-BTC-038813 and Hapmap31284-BTC-039204), two (Hapmap26001-BTC-038813 and BTB-00246150), and one (Hapmap50366-BTA-46960) genome-wide significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with milk fatty acids were close to or within the fatty acid synthase (FASN), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 alpha (PPARGC1A), ATP-binding cassette, sub-family G, member 2 (ABCG2) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) genes. To further confirm the linkage and reveal the genetic effects of these four candidate genes on milk fatty acid composition, genetic polymorphisms were identified and genotype-phenotype associations were performed in a Chinese Holstein cattle population. Results: Nine SNPs were identified in FASN, among which SNP rs41919985 was predicted to result in an amino acid substitution from threonine (ACC) to alanine (GCC), five SNPs (rs136947640, rs134340637, rs41919992, rs41919984 and rs41919986) were synonymous mutations, and the remaining three (rs41919999, rs132865003 and rs133498277) were found in FASN introns. Only one SNP each was identified for PPARGC1A, ABCG2 and IGF1. Association studies revealed that FASN, PPARGC1A, ABCG2 and IGF1 were mainly associated with medium-chain saturated fatty acids and long-chain unsaturated fatty acids, especially FASN for C10:0, C12:0 and C14:0. Strong linkage disequilibrium was observed among ARS-BFGL-NGS-39328 and rs132865003 and rs134340637 in FASN (D' > 0.9), and among Hapmap26001-BTC-038813 and Hapmap31284-BTC-039204 and rs109579682 in PPARGC1A (D' > 0.9). Subsequently, haplotype-based analysis revealed significant associations of the haplotypes encompassing eight FASN SNPs (rs41919999, rs132865003, rs134340637, rs41919992, rs133498277, rs41919984, rs41919985 and rs41919986) with C10:0, C12:0, C14:0, C18:1n9c, saturated fatty acids (SFA) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) (P = 0.0204 to P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our study confirmed the linkage between the significant SNPs in our previous genome-wide association study and variants in FASN and PPARGC1A. SNPs within FASN, PPARGC1A, ABCG2 and IGF1 showed significant genetic effects on milk fatty acid composition in dairy cattle, indicating their potential functions in milk fatty acids synthesis and metabolism. The findings presented here provide evidence for the selection of dairy cows with healthier milk fatty acid composition by marker-assisted breeding or genomic selection schemes, as well as furthering our understanding of technological processing aspects of cows' milk. © 2016 The Author(s).


Wu X.,China Agricultural University | Fang M.,China Agricultural University | Fang M.,Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University | Liu L.,Beijing Dairy Cattle Center | And 10 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for revealing the genetic basis of quantitative traits. However, studies using GWAS for conformation traits of cattle is comparatively less. This study aims to use GWAS to find the candidates genes for body conformation traits.Results: The Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with body conformation traits. A least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) was applied to detect multiple SNPs simultaneously for 29 body conformation traits with 1,314 Chinese Holstein cattle and 52,166 SNPs. Totally, 59 genome-wide significant SNPs associated with 26 conformation traits were detected by genome-wide association analysis; five SNPs were within previously reported QTL regions (Animal Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) database) and 11 were very close to the reported SNPs. Twenty-two SNPs were located within annotated gene regions, while the remainder were 0.6-826 kb away from known genes. Some of the genes had clear biological functions related to conformation traits. By combining information about the previously reported QTL regions and the biological functions of the genes, we identified DARC, GAS1, MTPN, HTR2A, ZNF521, PDIA6, and TMEM130 as the most promising candidate genes for capacity and body depth, chest width, foot angle, angularity, rear leg side view, teat length, and animal size traits, respectively. We also found four SNPs that affected four pairs of traits, and the genetic correlation between each pair of traits ranged from 0.35 to 0.86, suggesting that these SNPs may have a pleiotropic effect on each pair of traits.Conclusions: A total of 59 significant SNPs associated with 26 conformation traits were identified in the Chinese Holstein population. Six promising candidate genes were suggested, and four SNPs showed genetic correlation for four pairs of traits. © 2013 Wu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Liu Y.,China Agricultural University | Li Y.,China Agricultural University | Li Y.,Beijing Dairy Cattle Center | Zhao X.,China Agricultural University
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2010

After analyzing chicken ATPase6 by singlestrand conformation polymorphism (SSCP), we observed two band species. But based on the sequencing results, we found two mutations, and one of them was not detected by SSCP. The primer P2 was designed to detect the additional mutation site, which was not detected by the original primer. And the P2 SSCP results then agreed with the sequencing data. Analysis of the percent of G and C bases and secondary structures indicated that it might be caused by a similar secondary structure which might be resulting from serious imbalance of G and C contents. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.


PubMed | Beijing Dairy Cattle Center and China Agricultural University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Animal genetics | Year: 2016

The stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) gene encodes a key enzyme in the cellular biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids. In our initial genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Chinese Holstein cows, 19 SNPs fell in a 1.8-Mb region (20.3-22.1Mb) on chromosome 26 underlying the SCD gene and were highly significantly associated with C14:1 or C14 index. The aims of this study were to verify whether the SCD gene has significant genetic effects on milk fatty acid composition in dairy cattle. By resequencing the entire coding region of the bovine SCD gene, a total of six variations were identified, including three coding variations (g.10153G>A, g.10213T>C and g.10329C>T) and three intronic variations (g.6926A>G, g.8646G>A and g.16158G>C). The SNP in exon 3, g.10329C>T, was predicted to result in an amino acid replacement from alanine (GCG) to valine (GTG) in the SCD protein. An association study for 16 milk fatty acids using 346 Chinese Holstein cows with accurate phenotypes and genotypes was performed using the mixed animal model with the proc mixed procedure in sas 9.2. All six detected SNPs were revealed to be associated with six medium- and long-chain unsaturated fatty acids (P=0.0457 to P<0.0001), specifically for C14:1 and C14 index (P=0.0005 to P<0.0001). Subsequently, strong linkage disequilibrium (D = 0.88-1.00) was observed among all six SNPs in SCD and the five SNPs (rs41623887, rs109923480, rs42090224, rs42092174 and rs42091426) within the 1.8-Mb region identified in our previous GWAS, indicating that the significant association of the SCD gene with milk fatty acid content traits reduced the observed significant 1.8-Mb chromosome region in GWAS. Haplotype-based analysis revealed significant associations of the haplotypes encompassing the six SCD SNPs and one SNP (rs109923480) in a GWAS with C14:1, C14 index, C16:1 and C16 index (P=0.0011 to P<0.0001). In summary, our findings provide replicate evidence for our previous GWAS and demonstrate that variants in the SCD gene are significantly associated with milk fatty acid composition in dairy cattle, which provides clear evidence for an increased understanding of milk fatty acid synthesis and enhances opportunities to improve milk-fat composition in dairy cattle.


PubMed | Hailaer Farm Buro, Xinjiang General Livestock Service, Beijing Dairy Cattle Center, Xinjiang University and 7 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences | Year: 2015

Improvement for carcass traits related to beef quality is the key concern in beef production. Recent reports found that epigenetics mediates the interaction of individuals with environment and nutrition. The present study was designed to analyze the genetic effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven epigenetic-related genes (DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b, DNMT3L, Ago1, Ago2, and HDAC5) and two meat quality candidate genes (CAPN1 and PRKAG3) on fourteen carcass traits related to beef quality in a Snow Dragon beef population, and also to identify SNPs in a total of fourteen cattle populations. Sixteen SNPs were identified and genotyped in 383 individuals sampled from the 14 cattle breeds, which included 147 samples from the Snow Dragon beef population. Data analysis showed significant association of 8 SNPs within 4 genes related to carcass and/or meat quality traits in the beef populations. SNP1 (13154420A>G) in exon 17 of DNMT1 was significantly associated with rib-eye width and lean meat color score (p<0.05). A novel SNP (SNP4, 76198537A>G) of DNMT3a was significantly associated with six beef quality traits. Those individuals with the wild-type genotype AA of DNMT3a showed an increase in carcass weight, chilled carcass weight, flank thicknesses, chuck short rib thickness, chuck short rib score and in chuck flap weight in contrast to the GG genotype. Five out of six SNPs in DNMT3b gene were significantly associated with three beef quality traits. SNP15 (45219258C>T) in CAPN1 was significantly associated with chuck short rib thickness and lean meat color score (p<0.05). The significant effect of SNP15 on lean meat color score individually and in combination with each of other 14 SNPs qualify this SNP to be used as potential marker for improving the trait. In addition, the frequencies of most wild-type alleles were higher than those of the mutant alleles in the native and foreign cattle breeds. Seven SNPs were identified in the epigenetic-related genes. The SNP15 in CAPN1 could be used as a powerful genetic marker in selection programs for beef quality improvement in the Snow Dragon Beef population.


Chu M.X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Ye S.C.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Qiao L.,Beijing Dairy Cattle Center | Wang J.X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

Abstract In the present study, the exon 2 and 30 end sequence of intron 1 of BoLA-DRB3 gene of 211 Beijing Holstein cows was amplified and a uniform fragment of 284 bp was obtained. The genetic polymorphism was investigated by PCR-RFLP using two restriction endonucleases HaeIII and BstYI. Seven genotypes were detected by digesting the PCR products with HaeIII. The frequency of AA, AB, AC, AD, BB, BC and BF genotypes was 0.4638, 0.0193, 0.0193, 0.3478, 0.0290, 0.0386 and 0.0822, respectively. Three genotypes were found by digesting the PCR products with BstYI. The frequency of AA, AB and BB genotypes was 0.0569, 0.2844 and 0.6587, respectively. The relationship between the polymorphisms in exon 2 of BoLADRB3 gene and somatic cell score (SCS) in Beijing Holstein cows was analyzed by least squares linear model. No significant difference was detected among least squares means of SCS for seven HaeIII-RFLP genotypes (P>0.05). As for BstYI-RFLP analysis, least squares mean of SCS for AA was significantly lower than that for AB (P<0.05) or BB (P<0.05), and no significant difference was detected between AB and BB genotypes (P>0.05). BstYI AA was the most favorable genotype and BstYI BB was the most unfavorable genotype for mastitis resistance. The information found in the present study is very important for improving mastitis resistance in dairy cattle bymarker assisted selection.© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.


He X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Chu M.X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Qiao L.,Beijing Dairy Cattle Center | He J.N.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

Abstract The STAT5A gene was studied as a candidate gene for five milk production traits (milk yield at 305 days, protein percentage, fat percentage, lactose percentage and dry matter percentage) in Holstein cows. According to the sequence of bovine STAT5A gene, two pairs of primers (P1 and P2) were designed to detect polymorphisms of STAT5A gene in 401 Holstein cows by PCR-RFLP and PCR-SSCP. The results showed that the products amplified by primers P1 and P2 displayed polymorphisms. For P1, three genotypes (AA, AG, and GG) were detected, and the frequency of AA/AG/GG was 0.252/0.486/0.262, respectively. Sequence analysis revealed a single nucleotide substitution A-G at 14217 bp (GenBank NC007317) of bovine STAT5A gene while compared GG genotype with AA genotype. The differences of the least squares means for the four milk production traits (milk yield at 305 days, fat percentage, lactose percentage and dry matter percentage) between AA, AG and GG were not significant (P>0.05). Least squares mean of protein percentage for AG or GG was significantly higher than that for AA (P<0.05); the difference of the least squares mean for protein percentage was not significant between AG and GG (P>0.05). For P2, three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT) were detected in Holstein cows, and the frequency of CC/CT/TT was 0.751/ 0.234/0.015, respectively. Sequencing revealed an insertion CCT at 17266 (NC007317) of bovine STAT5A gene while compared CC genotype with TT genotype. The differences of the least squares means for the three milk production traits (protein percentage, lactose percentage and dry matter percentage) between CC, CT and TT were not significant (P>0.05). Least squares mean of milk yield at 305 days for TT or CT was significantly higher than that for CC (P<0.05); the difference of the least squares mean for milk yield at 305 days was not significant between TT and CT (P>0.05). Least squares mean of fat percentage for CC or CT was significantly higher than that for TT (P<0.05); the difference of the least squares mean for fat percentage was not significant between CC and CT (P>0.05). The results preliminarily indicated that allele G of A14217G polymorphic site of STAT5A gene is a potential DNA marker for improving protein percentage in dairy cattle, 17266indelCCT polymorphic site of STAT5A gene is a potential DNA marker for improving milk yield at 305 days and fat percentage in dairy cattle.© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.

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