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Beijing, China

Peng H.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery | Year: 2013

To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment in the treatment of anal fissure. In this multi-center, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial, 240 chronic anal fissure patients from 7 clinical centers were randomized to receive eight-week treatment with GTN ointment (treatment group) or vaseline ointment (control group) respectively. Healing rate, visual analogue score (VAS), maximum anal resting pressure (MARP) and adverse reactions were recorded and compared. A total of 221 patients (92.1%) finished the trial, including 114 patients in treatment group (95.0%, 114/120) and 107 in control group (89.2%, 107/120). At the endpoint of treatment (56 d), 90 patients in treatment group (78.9%, 90/114) healed completely compared to 31 patients in control group (29.0%, 31/107), and decrease rates of VAS in the two groups were (94.8±15.7)% and (61.2±35.7)% respectively, both differences were statistically significant (P<0.01). MARP after first administration was (20.2±18.5) mm Hg in treatment group (n=12) and (7.1±14.7) mm Hg in control group (n=6), which was not significantly different (P=0.152). Adverse reaction incidence was higher in treatment group (42.1% vs. 9.3%, P<0.05), while these adverse reactions were mainly headache and fullness in head, which were self-limiting. GTN ointment can effectively promote healing and relieve pain in anal fissure with safety and tolerance. Source


Gong K.,Peking University | Zhang N.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital | Zhang K.,Beijing Cancer Hospital | Na Y.,Peking University
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2010

Decreased levels of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor protein are associated with up-regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), leading to increased tumour proliferation, angiogenesis and progression. The role of erythropoietin (EPO), a target gene for HIF, remains unknown for sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (sCCRCC). In this study, we determined expression levels of EPO, and its correlation with VHL mutations and HIF-1α and HIF-2α expression in 82 patients identified with sCCRCC following nephrectomy. We identified VHL gene alterations using multiplex polymerase chain reaction, purifying products of polymerase chain reaction, and direct sequencing. Immunohistochemical staining for HIF-1α, HIF-2α and EPO was performed for tumour and corresponding normal tissues. Data were analyzed with respect to clinicopathological factors. EPO was detected in 87.8% of sCCRCC tumours versus 7.3% for normal tissues. EPO expression was related to tumours demonstrating VHL gene abnormalities. Of specimens with VHL alterations 95.6% tested positive for EPO, versus 78.3% when VHL gene expression was normal (P<0.01). EPO was identified in 96.2 and 94.2% of HIF-1α and HIF-2α positive specimens, respectively, compared to 72.4 and 53.8% for HIF-1α and HIF-2α negative groups (p<0.01). Moreover, EPO expression correlated significantly with increasing nuclear grade (p<0.05). HIF-2α was identified in 84.1% of sCCRCC, compared to 64.6% for HIF-1α. Expression of HIF-1α, HIF-2α and EPO is common in sCCRCC. Although both forms of HIF up-regulate expression of EPO, the relationship to HIF-2α appears to be more pronounced. The VHL-HIF-EPO pathway requires further study, as it may represent a potential molecular target for therapy of sCCRCC. Source


Liu M.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital | Zhang P.,Beijing Jishuitan Hospital | Chen M.,Heart Center | Zhang W.,Heart Center | And 3 more authors.
Age | Year: 2012

Previous studies indicated aging results in the significant cardiac function decreasing and myocardial apoptosis increasing in normal humans or rats. Additionally, animal experiments demonstrated aging increased myocardial ischemia / reperfusion (MI/R)-induced apoptosis. However, whether more myocardial apoptosis happen in the old acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is unclear. Reperfusion injury-induced apoptosis is an important cause of heart failure. This study determined the effect of aging upon myocardial apoptosis and cardiac function in patients suffering AMI. All enrolled AMI patients received percutaneous coronary interventiontherapy. Volunteers and AMI patients were assigned to four groups: adult (age <65, n=24) volunteers, elderly (age ≥65, n=21) volunteers, adult (age <65, n=29) AMI patients, and elderly (age ≥65, n=36) AMI patients. Blood samples were obtained from all study participants. Plasma apoptotic markers (soluble form of Fas, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin 6) levels were determined. Cardiac function was evaluated with echocardiogram and Killip class. Due to lack of a direct apoptotic assay method in live human subjects, an additional animal experiment was performed. Both young (2 months) and old (24 months) rats were subjected to 30-min myocardial ischemia and 3 (for TUNEL/caspase activity apoptotic assay) or 24-h (for cardiac function determination) reperfusion. Compared to adult patients, the elderly patients manifested decreased cardiac function and increased plasma apoptotic marker levels significantly. The animal experiment results (cardiac function and plasma apoptotic markers assays) were consistent with the human result data. Animal TUNEL staining and caspase activity measurement revealed a higher myocardial apoptotic ratio in the older rat group. Aging exacerbated MI/R injury in humans and rats. Differential myocardial apoptosis may play a vital role in mediating the observed effects. © American Aging Association 2011. Source


Li L.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi | Year: 2010

To explore the pattern of benign gynecologic diseases in patients treated with tamoxifen for breast cancer. A total of 163 cases with breast cancer were followed up by gynecologists. The incidence rates of several benign gynecologic conditions were determined and were compared among women receiving tamoxifen and those not taking it. For a follow-up of 12-96 months, the incidence rates of leiomyomas requiring therapy was 9.20%. Compared with women not taking tamoxifen, the patients taking tamoxifen had a lower incidence rate of leiomyomas (17.59% vs 32.72%) (P < 0.05), the menopausal women taking tamoxifen had a greater incidence of endometrial lesions (P < 0.05) and the premenopausal women taking tamoxifen had a greater incidence of ovarian cysts (P < 0.05). Tamoxifen is a high risk factor for an increased risk of endometrial lesions for menopausal women and ovarian cysts for premenopausal women. But it acts as a protective factor for decreasing the incidence rate of leiomyomas. Source


Wu Y.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital | Wang J.,Capital Medical University | Wu A.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital | Yue Y.,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital
International Journal of Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Delirium is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder that has an adverse impact on CNS function. Abnormal fluctuation of melatonin secretion occurs in the postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients. POD is strongly associated with early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). The aim of this study is to test if significant fluctuation of melatonin secretion perioperatively might indicates POCD. A total of 97 patients, ages 65-80 years, scheduled for major orthopedic surgery or abdominal surgery which was expected to last more than 2 h, were consecutively recruited into this study. Neuropsychological evaluation was performed 1 d before and one week after surgery. Morning urine samples were collected on the day of surgery and on days 1, 2 and 7 after surgery. The 6-SMT/creatinine ratio (M/C ratio) was employed to give an objective estimate of urine 6-SMT concentration. Ultimately, 95 patients completed assessments and were included in the analysis. POCD was found in 30 patients (31.6%) at 1 week after operation. There was significant fluctuation in urinary 6-SMT in 39 of the 95 patients (as evidenced by urinary 6-SMT levels increased or decreased by more than twofold compared with their preoperative baseline). Fluctuations in 6-SMT levels occurred on different days and in some patients lasted for more than 1 d. The incidence of POCD in patients with 6-SMT fluctuation was significantly higher (p < 0.01). The results indicate that in the first week after major noncardiac surgery, POCD occurs in a significant proportion of people, and is linked to fluctuations in endogenous melatonin levels. Measurement of urinary 6-SMT during the perioperative period may assist the diagnosis of POCD. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

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