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Wang J.-W.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Chen Y.-D.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wang C.-H.,Beijing An Zhen Hospital | Yang X.-C.,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Cardiology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013

Objective: The 'no-reflow' phenomenon after a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a strong predictor of both short- and long-term mortality. We therefore developed and prospectively validated a risk score system in order to identify STEMI patients at high risk in terms of no-reflow after primary PCI. Methods: The first part of our study used data from 1,615 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI within 12 h from symptom onset. Using logistic regression, we derived a risk score to predict angiographic no-reflow using baseline clinical variables. From this score, we developed a simplified fast-track screen that can be used before reperfusion. In the second part of our study, we prospectively validated the score system using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves with data from 692 STEMI patients. Results: The model included six clinical items: age, neutrophil count, admission plasma glucose, β-blocker treatment, time-to-hospital admission and Killip classes. The risk score system demonstrated a good risk prediction with a c-statistic of 0.757 (95% CI 0.732-0.781) based on ROC analysis. Conclusion: A simple risk score system based on clinical variables is useful to predict the risk of developing no-reflow after pPCI in patients with STEMI. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

You L.,Wuhan University | Li L.,Mu Dan Jiang Medical College | Xu Q.,Mu Dan Jiang Medical College | Ren J.,Wuhan University | Zhang F.,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2011

Brief intermittent episodes of ischemia and reperfusion could reduce infarct size, a phenomenon called "postconditioning" at the onset of reperfusion after a prolonged period of ischemia. To investigate whether the opioid receptors and signaling factor JAK-STAT might be responsible for the cardioprotection in ischemic postconditioning, and the possible molecular machinery of cardioprotection. Hundred and twenty healthy New Zealand rabbits were divided into six groups. The myocardial infarct size, cardiac myocyte apoptosis, BCL-2 and P-Stat3 protein expression were tested in the current study. The results suggested that ischemic postconditioning might increase BCL-2 protein expression by activating the opioid receptors and JAK-STAT signaling pathway, and also to reduce ischemia-reperfusion-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and to play a key role in myocardial protection. However, further research still needs to be done to unravel the underlying mechanisms. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Sun J.,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital | Zhang X.-P.,Peking University | Li X.-T.,Peking University | Tang L.,Peking University | And 3 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014

In vivo imaging studies in animal models are hindered by variables that contribute to poor image quality and measurement reliability. As such we sought to improve the diffusion coefficient (ADC) of an orthotopic mouse model of gastric cancer in diffusion-weighted images (DWI) using alginate moulding and Ultrasonic coupling medium. BGC-823 human gastric cancer cells were subcutaneously injected into the abdomen of nude mice and 1mm3 primary tumour was orthotopically transplanted. Alginate and coupling medium were applied to the mice and MRI (T2 and DWI) was performed for 6 weeks. Regions of interest (ROI) were drawn and liver and tumour ADC were evaluated. Using alginate moulding, the mean quality total score of DW imaging was 8.53; however, in control animals this value was 5.20 (p < 0.001). The coefficient of variation of ADC of liver in experimental and control groups were 0.071 and 0.270 (p < 0.001), respectively, suggesting this method may be helpful for DWI studies of important human diseases such as gastric cancer. Source

Hu X.,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital | Lee H.,Capital Medical University
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery | Year: 2014

Esophageal leiomyoma is one of the most common types of benign esophagus tumors. Giant leiomyoma of the esophagus is traditionally treated by open thoracotomy, which has large incision. We report a case of complete thoracoscopic enucleation of giant leiomyoma in a chinese patient. © 2014 Hu and Lee; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Shi Y.,Peking Union Medical College | Shi Y.,Key Laboratory of Clinical Study on Anticancer Molecular Targeted Drugs | Zhang L.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu X.,307 Hospital of the Academy of Military Medical science | And 29 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Icotinib, an oral EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, had shown antitumour activity and favourable toxicity in early-phase clinical trials. We aimed to investigate whether icotinib is non-inferior to gefitinib in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods: In this randomised, double-blind, phase 3 non-inferiority trial we enrolled patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer from 27 sites in China. Eligible patients were those aged 18-75 years who had not responded to one or more platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1), using minimisation methods, to receive icotinib (125 mg, three times per day) or gefitinib (250 mg, once per day) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, analysed in the full analysis set. We analysed EGFR status if tissue samples were available. All investigators, clinicians, and participants were masked to patient distribution. The non-inferiority margin was 1·14; non-inferiority would be established if the upper limit of the 95% CI for the hazard ratio (HR) of gefitinib versus icotinib was less than this margin. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01040780, and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, number ChiCTR-TRC-09000506. Findings: 400 eligible patients were enrolled between Feb 26, 2009, and Nov 13, 2009; one patient was enrolled by mistake and removed from the study, 200 were assigned to icotinib and 199 to gefitinib. 395 patients were included in the full analysis set (icotinib, n=199; gefitinib, n=196). Icotinib was non-inferior to gefitinib in terms of progression-free survival (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·67-1·05; median progression-free survival 4·6 months [95% CI 3·5-6·3] vs 3·4 months [2·3-3·8]; p=0·13). The most common adverse events were rash (81 [41%] of 200 patients in the icotinib group vs 98 [49%] of 199 patients in the gefitinib group) and diarrhoea (43 [22%] vs 58 [29%]). Patients given icotinib had less drug-related adverse events than did those given gefitinib (121 [61%] vs 140 [70%]; p=0·046), especially drug-related diarrhoea (37 [19%] vs 55 [28%]; p=0·033). Interpretation: Icotinib could be a new treatment option for pretreated patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Funding: Zhejiang Beta Pharma (China), the Chinese National Key Special Program for Innovative Drugs, the 863 Project, and Zhejiang Provincial Key Special Program. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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