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Zhang L.,Peking University | Lu Y.,Peking University | Fang Y.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2014

The scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is considered to be the most appropriate tool for detecting malnutrition in cancer patients. In particular, malignant tumours derived from the gastrointestinal tract may impair nutrient intake and absorption and cause malnutrition. We carried out a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status and related factors of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Nutritional status was determined using the scored PG-SGA in patients (n 498) with advanced gastrointestinal cancer admitted to the Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology Unit at Beijing Cancer Hospital between 1 August 2012 and 28 February 2013. The possible related factors including age, sex, hospitalisation frequency and pathology were explored. We found that 98 % of the patients required nutrition intervention and 54 % of the patients required improved nutrition-related symptom management and/or urgent nutritional support (PG-SGA score ≥ 9). Factors related to malnutrition were age (r 0.103, P< 0.01), hospitalisation frequency (r - 0.196, P< 0.01) and sex (the prevalence of malnutrition was higher in men than in women (9.88 v. 8.54, P< 0.01)). Patients with rectal cancer had a lower risk of malnutrition than patients with other types of gastrointestinal cancer (F= 35.895, P< 0.01). More attention should be paid to the nutritional status of gastrointestinal patients, especially those at a higher risk of malnutrition, such as elderly patients, those hospitalised for the first time, male patients and those with other types of gastrointestinal cancer except rectal cancer. The nutritional status of these patients should be evaluated and they should be given proper nutrition education and nutritional support in a timely manner. © The Authors 2013.

Liu X.,Capital Medical University | Wan X.,Capital Medical University | Li Z.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute | Lin C.,Hotgen Biotechnology Co. | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2011

Background: This study was performed to quantify the expression of Golgi protein-73 (GP73) in healthy controls and in patients with liver disease, and to evaluate the correlations between GP73 and other serum markers in different liver diseases. Methods: Serum GP73 was measured in 478 healthy controls and 296 patients with different types of liver disease. Quantitative hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA was determined in two chronic hepatitis B (CHB) groups. Other serum liver fibrosis markers were measured in the liver fibrosis group and α-fetoprotein (AFP) was measured in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) group. The correlations between GP73 and these markers were evaluated. Results: The GP73 value in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB group, HBeAg-negative CHB group, liver fibrosis group and HCC group was significantly higher (p<0.001) than that in healthy controls. GP73 showed significant correlation with other markers in the liver fibrosis group and with AFP in the HCC group. Conclusions: Compared with healthy controls, GP73 in patients with liver disease was significantly increased. With the progression of liver disease, GP73 showed a significantly increasing trend. These results suggest that GP73 might be used as a serum marker for the diagnosis of liver diseases and for monitoring disease progression. © 2011 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston 2011.

Li H.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery | Year: 2012

Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the common malignant tumors in China. Esophagectomy based on multi-disciplinary principle improves the quality of life and survival of esophageal cancer patients, but a lot of patients will suffer recurrence or metastasis after surgery. TNM stage is the most important factor which affects the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer. Besides, there are other prognostic factors, such as abnormal expression of the proteins. Exploration of these proteins may provide new clues to improve prognosis in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). We reviewed the literatures related to abnormal protein expression in ESCC, and tried to elucidate the prognostic value and potential clinical application of these proteins in ESCC.

Ma S.H.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute
Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery | Year: 2012

To evaluate the long-term survival of multidisciplinary treatment based on thoracic surgery for cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The clinical characters and follow-up data of forty-one cervical esophageal cancer patients who accepted multidisciplinary treatment based on surgery with preservation of pharynx and larynx were retrospectively reviewed, and the long-term survival was compared with 480 non-cervical esophageal cancers who accepted surgery in the same period done by the same surgical team. There were 28 males and 13 females with a mean age of 62 years old. In the cervical esophageal cancer group, 30 patients accepted neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 25 patients accepted adjuvant chemotherapy, and 21 patients accepted both. Six patients received postoperative radiation. Four patients underwent exploratory surgery alone, and 37 cases underwent radical surgery and cervical anastomosis. One case died during the perioperative period. The 1-, 3-, 5- and 8-year survival rates were 96.8%, 52.6%, 35.1%, and 35.1% in the 36 patients with cervical esophageal cancer who underwent radical surgery, and were 85.0%, 54.3%, 45.0%, and 36.7% respectively in the 457 non-cervical esophageal cancer patients. There was no significant difference between the cervical group and non-cervical group(P=0.91). Cervical esophageal cancer should be treated in a multidisciplinary approach to obtain satisfactory long-term outcomes.

Li J.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute | Gong J.F.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute | Wu A.W.,Peking University | Shen L.,Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute
European Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2011

Aims: This study aims to determine whether adjuvant treatment with imatinib improves recurrence-free survival (RFS) in Chinese patients undergoing complete resection of localized primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) compared with those not receiving adjuvant therapy. We also sought a correlation between c-KIT mutations and RFS. Methods: Patients who had undergone complete tumor resection with intermediate or high risk of recurrence were enrolled in a single-center, non-randomized, prospective study. Patients either received adjuvant imatinib therapy (400 mg once-daily) for 3 years or did not. Mutation analyses of c-KIT were performed on available archival tumor samples. Results: 105 patients were enrolled: 56 in the treatment group and 49 in the control group. Median follow-up was 45(43.1-46.9) months. RFS at 1, 2 and 3 years were higher in the treatment group than in the control group (100% vs. 90% at 1 year; 96% vs. 57% at 2 years; 89% versus 48% at 3 years, P < 0.001, HR = 0.188). Subgroup analyses showed that adjuvant therapy significantly decreased the risk of recurrence in patients whether at high risk or at intermediate risk compared with control patients (3-year RFS: 95% vs. 72%, in intermediate risk; 85% versus 31% in high risk; P < 0.001). In addition, imatinib adjuvant treatment decreased the risk of death (P = 0.039, HR = 0.254). Conclusions: Adjuvant imatinib can improve 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in patients at intermediate or high risk of recurrence after complete tumor resection. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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