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Liang Z.,Beijing Normal University | Zhang J.,Beijing Normal University | Zhang X.,Beijing Normal University | Li J.,Beijing Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chromatographic Science | Year: 2016

The aryltetralin lactone podophyllotoxin, which exhibits pronounced antineoplastic activity, is used as the precursor of the following three clinical anticancer drugs: Etoposide™, Etopophos™ and Teniposide™. The natural occurrence of this arylnaphthalene lignan is scarce and unable to meet the ever-rising demand in the medical industry. Thus, developing alternative sources for the production of podophyllotoxin is extremely urgent. This is the first report of the production of podophyllotoxin from endophytic Alternaria tenuissima isolated from Sinopodophyllum emodi (Wall.) Ying. The identification of podophyllotoxin was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS)-MS and confirmed by comparison with authentic standards. © 2015 The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. Source


Yan S.-J.,Beijing Normal University | Yan S.-J.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Yan S.-J.,Center for Natural Medicine Engineering | Wang L.,Beijing Normal University | And 26 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in the development of diabetic nephropathy. We investigated the effects of Pu-erh tea on AGE accumulation associated with diabetic nephropathy. Although it did not affect blood glucose levels and insulin sensitivy, Pu-erh tea treatment for 8 weeks attenuated the increases in urinary albumin, serum creatinine, and mesangial matrix in db/db mice. We found that Pu-erh tea prevented diabetes-induced accumulation of AGEs and led to a decreased level of receptor for AGE expression in glomeruli. Both production and clearance of carbonyl compounds, the main precursor of AGE formation, were probably attenuated by Pu-erh tea in vivo independent of glyoxalase I expression. In vitro, HPLC assay demonstrated Pu-erh tea could trap methylglyoxal in a dose-dependent manner. Our study raises the possibility that inhibition of AGE formation by carbonyl trapping is a promising approach to prevent or arrest the progression of diabetic complications. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source


Lv C.,Beijing Normal University | Lv C.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu X.,Beijing Normal University | Liu X.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 7 more authors.
Current Alzheimer Research | Year: 2014

Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction appear early and contribute to the disease progression in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which can be detected extensively in AD patients brains as well as in transgenic AD mice brains. Thus, treatments that result in attenuation of oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction may hold potential for AD treatment. Geniposide, a pharmacologically active component purified from gardenia fruit, exhibits anti-oxidative, antiinflammatory and other important therapeutic properties. However, whether geniposide has any protective effect on oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in AD transgenic mouse model has not yet been reported. Here, we demonstrate that intragastric administration of geniposide significantly reduces oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in addition to improving learning and memory in APP/PS1 mice. Geniposide exerts protective effects on mitochondrial dysfunction in APP/PS1 mice through suppressing the mitochondrial oxidative damage and increasing the mitochondrial membrane potential and activity of cytochrome c oxidase. These studies indicate that geniposide may attenuate memory deficits through the suppression of mitochondrial oxidative stress. Thus, geniposide may be a potential therapeutic reagent for halting and preventing AD progress. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers. Source


Lv C.,Beijing Normal University | Lv C.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang L.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu X.,Beijing Normal University | And 8 more authors.
Neuropharmacology | Year: 2015

The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)-mediated signaling pathway is related to Aβ-induced pathogenic responses. Geniposide, a pharmacologically active component purified from gardenia fruit, could attenuate the oligomeric Aβ1-42-induced inflammatory response by blocking the ligation of Aβ to RAGE and suppressing the RAGE-mediated signaling in vitro. Here, we investigated whether geniposide can exert protective effects on the neuroinflammation and memory deficits in an Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model. The results indicate that geniposide treatment significantly suppresses RAGE-dependent signaling (activation of ERK and IκB/NF-κB), the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and cerebral Aβ accumulation in vivo. Furthermore, we demonstrate that geniposide augments synaptic plasticity by attenuating the Aβ-induced reduction of long-term potentiation and increasing the miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) amplitude and frequency in hippocampal neurons. In addition, the intragastric administration of geniposide improves learning and memory in APP/PS1 mice. Taken together, these studies indicate that geniposide has profound multifaceted neuroprotective effects in an AD mouse model. Geniposide demonstrates its neuroprotection by inhibiting inflammation, ameliorating amyloid pathology and improving cognition. Thus, geniposide may be a potential therapeutic agent for halting and preventing AD progression. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Lv C.,Beijing Normal University | Lv C.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang L.,Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu X.,Beijing Normal University | And 7 more authors.
Current Alzheimer Research | Year: 2014

The neuroinflammation induced by amyloid-β (Aβ) is one of the key events in Alzheimer's disease (AD) progress in which microglia are the main cells involved. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) mediates and enhances Aβ-induced microglial activation and leads to induction of proinflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Geniposide, a pharmacologically active component purified from gardenia fruit, exhibits a broad spectrum anti-inflammatory effect as well as neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties. However, the effects of geniposide on Aβ-mediated microglial pathways have not been fully discovered. Here, we demonstrate that geniposide treatment significantly blocks Aβ-induced RAGE-dependent signaling (activation of ERK and NF-κB) along with the production of TNF-α and IL-1β in cultured BV2 microglia cells. Notably, based on the data from coimmunoprecipitation assay, we infer that geniposide exerts protective effects on Aβ-induced inflammatroy response through blocking Aβ binding to RAGE and suppressing the RAGE-mediated signaling pathway. Taken together, these findings indicate that geniposide is a potent suppressor of neuroflammation through inhibiting RAGE-dependent signaling pathway. Thus, geniposide may be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of neuroinflammation that is involved in neurological diseases such as AD. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

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