Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing

Beijing, China

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing

Beijing, China

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Wang L.,China Agricultural University | Zhou G.B.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Shi W.Q.,Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing | Shi J.M.,China Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2012

The rapid growth in sika deer (Cervus nippon) farming and interest in their conservation is an impetus for development of embryo transfer (ET) procedures. However, a paucity of research has prevented widespread application of ET in this species. The objective of the present study was to establish a multiple ovulation and ET procedure with both fresh and vitrified embryos in sika deer. Multiparous weaned hinds (N = 18) were used as embryo donors during the reproductive season of 2008 at a local breeding farm in China. Estrus was synchronized in donors and recipients (N = 38) by inserting a controlled internal drug release for 12 days (insertion = Day 0). Superovulation was induced with a total of 320 mg of NIH-FSH-P1 (Folltropin-V; Bioniche, Belleville, ON, Canada) given as 40 mg im every 12 h from the afternoon of Day 9 to the morning of Day 13. After estrus was detected, donors were artificially inseminated using a transcervical technique. The embryo recovery rate was 76.8% (63/82), including 1.6% (1/63), 77.8% (49/63), and 1.6% (1/63) blastocysts, morula, and eight-cell embryos, respectively. After transfer of fresh and vitrified embryos, pregnancy rates were 85.7% and 61.6% and birth rates were 64.3% and 53.9% (P > 0.05). In conclusion, we developed a satisfactory multiple ovulation and ET procedure in farmed sika deer using vitrified embryos. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Shen J.,China Agricultural University | Zhou C.,China Agricultural University | Zhu S.,China Agricultural University | Shi W.,Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Early and accurate diagnosis of pregnancy is important for effective management of an economical pig farm. Besides the currently available methods used in early diagnosis of sows, circulating nucleic acids in peripheral blood may contain some early pregnancy-specific molecular markers. For the first time, microarray analysis of peripheral blood from pregnant sows versus non-pregnant sows identified 127 up-regulated and 56 down-regulated genes at day 14 post-insemination. Gene Ontology annotation grouped the total differently expressed genes into 3 significantly enriched terms, cell surface receptor linked signal transduction, Gprotein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway and regulation of vesiclemediated transport. Signaling pathway analysis revealed the only one significantly changed pathway was arachidonic acid metabolism. Of the differently expressed genes, nine (including LPAR3, RXFP4, GALP, CBR1, CBR2, GPX6, USP18, LHB and NR5A1) were found to exert function related to early pregnancy processes. This study provides a clue that differentially abundant RNAs in maternal peripheral blood can help to identify the molecular markers of early pregnancy in pigs. © 2014 Shen et al.


Xing K.,China Agricultural University | Zhu F.,China Agricultural University | Zhai L.,China Agricultural University | Liu H.,China Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Fat deposition is highly correlated with the growth, meat quality, reproductive performance and immunity of pigs. Fatty acid synthesis takes place mainly in the adipose tissue of pigs; therefore, in this study, a high-throughput massively parallel sequencing approach was used to generate adipose tissue transcriptomes from two groups of Songliao black pigs that had opposite backfat thickness phenotypes. The total number of paired-end reads produced for each sample was in the range of 39.29-49.36 millions. Approximately 188 genes were differentially expressed in adipose tissue and were enriched for metabolic processes, such as fatty acid biosynthesis, lipid synthesis, metabolism of fatty acids, etinol, caffeine and arachidonic acid and immunity. Additionally, many genetic variations were detected between the two groups through pooled whole-genome resequencing. Integration of transcriptome and whole-genome resequencing data revealed important genomic variations among the differentially expressed genes for fat deposition, for example, the lipogenic genes. Further studies are required to investigate the roles of candidate genes in fat deposition to improve pig breeding programs. © 2015 Xing et al.


Feng J.,China Agricultural University | Hu Y.,China Agricultural University | Ma Z.,Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing | Yu Q.,Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of Beijing | And 3 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

A virulent avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was isolated from 30-day-old broiler chickens that exhibited respiratory symptoms, nephropathologic lesions, and a high proportion of deaths in the People's Republic of China during 2005. The strain, designated YN, was genetically and pathologically characterized. Phylogenetic analysis showed that YN and most of the previously characterized IBV isolates found in China were phylogenetically classifi ed into 2 main genetic clusters. The YN isolate caused severe lesions and resulted in deaths of 65% in experimental infections of 30-day-old specifi c-pathogen-free chickens. Tracheal and severe kidney lesions developed in all infected birds, confi rming the ability of YN strain to induce both respiratory and renal disease. IBV antigens were detected by immunohistochemical analysis in the trachea, lung, kidney, and bursa, consistent with histopathologic observations, virus isolation, and reverse transcription PCR detection. We showed that YN IBV exhibits severe pathogenicity in chickens, and that similar viruses are prevalent in China.


PubMed | Animal husbandry and veterinary station of Beijing, Tianjin Ninghe primary pig breeding farm and China Agricultural University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Fat deposition is highly correlated with the growth, meat quality, reproductive performance and immunity of pigs. Fatty acid synthesis takes place mainly in the adipose tissue of pigs; therefore, in this study, a high-throughput massively parallel sequencing approach was used to generate adipose tissue transcriptomes from two groups of Songliao black pigs that had opposite backfat thickness phenotypes. The total number of paired-end reads produced for each sample was in the range of 39.29-49.36 millions. Approximately 188 genes were differentially expressed in adipose tissue and were enriched for metabolic processes, such as fatty acid biosynthesis, lipid synthesis, metabolism of fatty acids, etinol, caffeine and arachidonic acid and immunity. Additionally, many genetic variations were detected between the two groups through pooled whole-genome resequencing. Integration of transcriptome and whole-genome resequencing data revealed important genomic variations among the differentially expressed genes for fat deposition, for example, the lipogenic genes. Further studies are required to investigate the roles of candidate genes in fat deposition to improve pig breeding programs.


Zhao Y.,Hebei University | Wang C.,CAS Institute of Zoology | Lu Y.,CAS Institute of Zoology | Lu Y.,Hengshui University | And 8 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2011

Eimeria acervulina was isolated from chicken at Hebei province, China. The gene of merozoite surface antigen 3-1E was amplified and cloned into pET28a(+) vector and then transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 strain. Results showed that 3-1E fusion protein band of about 22 kDa was identified by SDS-PAGE. Western blot analysis indicated that the recombinant protein specifically reacted with E. acervulina polyclonal antibody. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

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