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Hou H.,Zhejiang University | Hou H.,Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Imaging of Zhejiang Province | Wang C.,Beijing 307 Hospital | Jia S.,Peking University | And 3 more authors.
Neuroscience Bulletin | Year: 2014

Dopamine (DA) is considered crucial for the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse, but its role in addiction remains unclear. Positron emission tomography (PET) is the first technology used for in vivo measurement of components of the dopaminergic system in the human brain. In this article, we review the major findings from PET imaging studies on the involvement of DA in drug addiction, including presynaptic DA synthesis, vesicular monoamine transporter 2, the DA transporter, and postsynaptic DA receptors. These results have corroborated the role of DA in addiction and increased the understanding of its underlying mechanisms. © 2014, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Shen L.,Peking University | Li J.,Fudan University | Xu J.,Beijing 307 Hospital | Pan H.,Shao Yifu Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: In the AVAGAST study, fluoropyrimidine and cisplatin plus bevacizumab did not significantly improve overall survival (OS) versus fluoropyrimidine and cisplatin plus placebo in patients with advanced gastric cancer. Geographic differences in efficacy were observed in AVAGAST, but the study only included 12 Chinese patients. AVATAR, a study similar in design to AVAGAST, was a randomized, double-blind, phase III study conducted in Chinese patients with advanced gastric cancer.Methods: Patients more than 18 years of age with gastric adenocarcinoma were randomized 1:1 to capecitabine–cisplatin plus either bevacizumab or placebo. The primary endpoint was OS; secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety.Results: In total, 202 patients were included (placebo n = 102; bevacizumab n = 100). Baseline characteristics were well balanced. The primary analysis result did not show a difference in OS for the bevacizumab arm compared to the placebo arm [hazard ratio, 1.11 (95 % CI, 0.79–1.56); P = 0.5567]. Median PFS was also similar in both arms. Bevacizumab plus capecitabine–cisplatin was well tolerated. Grade 3–5 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 60 % of bevacizumab-treated and 68 % of placebo-treated patients, respectively. Grade 3–5 AEs of special interest with bevacizumab occurred in 8 % of bevacizumab-treated patients and 15 % of placebo-treated patients, mainly grade 3–5 hemorrhage (bevacizumab 4 %, placebo 12 %).Conclusions: Addition of bevacizumab to capecitabine–cisplatin in Chinese patients with advanced gastric cancer did not improve outcomes in AVATAR. There was no difference in OS between the two arms and PFS was similar in both arms. Safety findings were as previously experienced with bevacizumab, including AVAGAST; no new safety signals were reported. © 2014, The Author(s).


Cheng J.,Beijing 302 Hospital | Kuai D.,Lu He Hospital | Zhang L.,Beijing 307 Hospital | Yang X.,Air Force General Hospital
Archives of Dermatological Research | Year: 2012

To evaluate the association between psoriasis and risk of diabetes, pertinent studies were identified by searching electronic databases and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. We included observational studies that examined the association between psoriasis and risk of diabetes. Two reviewers independently assessed eligibility and used a standardized form to collect data from published studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. A total of 22 eligible studies that included 3,307,516 participants fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Compared to individuals without psoriasis, subjects with psoriasis had a 1.42-fold increased risk of diabetes (95% CI, 1.40-1.45). Findings from this meta-analysis suggest that individuals with psoriasis may have a modestly increased risk of diabetes. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Hu Z.,CAS National Center for Nanoscience and Technology | Hu Z.,Institute for Systems Biology | Hu Z.,Beijing Proteomics Research Center | Lausted C.,Institute for Systems Biology | And 8 more authors.
Theranostics | Year: 2014

We discuss here a new approach to detecting hepatotoxicity by employing concentration changes of liver-specific blood proteins during disease progression. These proteins are capable of assessing the behaviors of their cognate liver biological networks for toxicity or disease perturbations. Blood biomarkers are highly desirable diagnostics as blood is easily accessible and baths virtually all organs. Fifteen liver-specific blood proteins were identified as markers of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity using three proteomic technologies: label-free antibody microarrays, quantitative immunoblotting, and targeted iTRAQ mass spectrometry. Liver-specific blood proteins produced a toxicity signature of eleven elevated and four attenuated blood protein levels. These blood protein perturbations begin to provide a systems view of key mechanistic features of APAP-induced liver injury relating to glutathione and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) depletion, mitochondrial dysfunction, and liver responses to the stress. Two markers, elevated membrane- bound catechol-O-methyltransferase (MB-COMT) and attenuated retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), report hepatic injury significantly earlier than the current gold standard liver biomarker, alanine transaminase (ALT). These biomarkers were perturbed prior to onset of irreversible liver injury. Ideal markers should be applicable for both rodent model studies and human clinical trials. Five of these mouse liver-specific blood markers had human orthologs that were also found to be responsive to human hepatotoxicity. This panel of liver-specific proteins has the potential to effectively identify the early toxicity onset, the nature and extent of liver injury and report on some of the APAP-perturbed liver networks. © Ivyspring International Publisher.


Zhu Y.,Beijing Jiaotong University | Zhu Y.,Tumor Center in Beijing 301 Hospital | Feng F.,Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology | Yu J.,Beijing Institute of Basic Medicine Science | And 5 more authors.
DNA and Cell Biology | Year: 2013

Long interspersed nucleotide element (LINE-1; L1) as an autonomous retrotransposon is localized usually in AT-rich, low-recombined, and gene-poor regions of genome. It is transiently activated in embryonic development and continuously activated in all tumor cells tested so far. Full-length L1 gene contains 5′ untranslated region, two open reading frames (ORFs) encoded L1ORF1p and L1ORF2p, and a 3′ terminal polyadenylation site. Compared with L1ORF2p, a protein encompassing reverse transcriptase and endonuclease activities, L1ORF1p remains to be elucidated. With liver cancer cells and tissues, the expression and sub-localization of L1ORF1p were investigated and shown that L1-ORF1p expresses just in liver cancer cells and tissues but not in normal liver cells and almost not in adjacent tissues. To characterize L1ORF1p, the strategies for over-expression and down-regulation of L1ORF1p in transfected cells were implemented. The phenomenon of promoting cell proliferation and colony formation was observed in transfected cells with L1ORF1p over-expression and vice versa. Down-regulation of L1ORF1p suppresses tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. Smad4 as an interaction protein of L1ORF1p is identified for the first time, while L1ORF1p is responsible for Smad4 sequestration in the cytoplasm. Thus, L1ORF1p contributed to tumorigenesis and may attribute to, at least partly, its participation in Smad4-signaling regulation. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Li X.-L.,Capital Medical University | Li X.-L.,Beijing 307 Hospital | Yi S.-Q.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology | Xu J.-M.,Beijing 307 Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2010

The effect of trastuzumab on patients with HER-2/neu (HER2)-positive gastric cancer has been confirmed in a phase III clinical trial (ToGA study). However, the optimized sequence and synergic mechanism of trastuzumab and chemotherapy are not clear. Our study investigated the effects and mechanisms of trastuzumab in combination with 5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) or cisplatin (DDP) on gastric cancer cell lines. Flow cytometry was used to determine HER2 expression and cell cycle. MTT assay was performed to evaluate cytotoxicity. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to analyze signaling transduction and mRNA expression. Sequential 5-Fu followed by trastuzumab and trastuzumab plus DDP followed by trastuzumab produced the best inhibitory effects. Inhibition of HER2-PI3K-AKT signal transduction, downregulation of nucleotide excision repair cross-complementation 1 (ERCC1), and interference with cell cycle distribution may elucidate the synergism between trastuzumab and chemotherapy. These results provide some evidence for designing a rational regime when trastuzumab is being considered to be used in patients with gastric cancer. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Anqiu City, Beijing 307 hospital, Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine and Advocate Cancer Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Progestagen-associated endometrial protein (PAEP) is a glycoprotein of the lipocalin family that acts as a negative regulator of T cell receptor-mediated activation. However, the function of tumor-derived PAEP on the human immune system in the tumor microenvironment is unknown. PAEP is highly expressed in intermediate and thick primary melanomas (Breslows 2.5mm or greater) and metastatic melanomas, correlating with its expression in daughter cell lines established in vitro. The current study investigates the role of melanoma cell-secreted PAEP protein in regulating T cell function. Upon the enrichment of CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, each subset was then mixed with either melanoma-derived PAEP protein or PAEP-poor supernatant of gene-silenced tumor cells. IL-2 and IFN- secretion of CD4+ T cells significantly decreased with the addition of PAEP-rich supernatant. And the addition of PAEP-positive cell supernatant to activated lymphocytes significantly inhibited lymphocyte proliferation and cytotoxic T cell activity, while increasing lymphocyte apoptosis. Our result suggests that melanoma cell-secreted PAEP protein immunosuppresses the activation, proliferation and cytotoxicity of T lymphocytes, which might partially explain the mechanism of immune tolerance induced by melanoma cells within the tumor microenvironment.


Wang X.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Li Y.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Wang J.,Beijing Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Wang Q.,Beijing 307 Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Analyst | Year: 2012

It remains challenging to detect unknown pathogenic bacteria in diagnostic, clinical and environmental fields. This work describes the approach to the development of a sensitive, broad-range genosensing assay targeting the conserved 16S rDNA region existing in most bacteria, by monitoring the aggregation level of gold nanorods (GNRs)-based nanoprobes through their localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) property. In the quantitative detection of artificial sequence, the limit of detection (LOD) of such a bioassay is demonstrated to reach the 5 pM level. This pair of universal GNRs-based nanoprobes can further identify at least 6 species of bacteria that were most prevalent in platelet concentrates (PCs) and have no cross-reaction with other pathogens. Moreover, it also exhibits higher sensitivity than other broad-range methods in analysing Serratia marcescens-spiked PCs. Therefore, the presented strategy not only provides a novel and effective DNA analysis method to detect multiple bacterial contaminations in PCs, but also opens up possibilities for its future use of detecting unknown bacteria in other systems, such as food and water, even at ultralow levels. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Wang H.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Yang Y.-F.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Zhao L.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Xiao F.-J.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | And 5 more authors.
Human Gene Therapy | Year: 2013

Effective therapeutic strategies for radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) are lacking. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), as gene therapy delivery vehicles, possess the ability to repair injured lung. In this study, we conducted MSC-based hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene therapy for RILI. Mice received single-dose radiation with 20 Gy of γ rays locally to the lung, and then were administered normal sodium, Ad-HGF-modified MSCs, or Ad-Null-modified MSCs. Ad-HGF-modified MSCs (MSCs-HGF) improved histopathological and biochemical markers of lung injury. MSCs-HGF could reduce secretion and expression of proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-6, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and increase the expression of antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10. It could also decrease expression levels of profibrosis factors transforming growth factor-β, Col1a1 (collagen type 1, α1), and Col3a1, and inhibit fibrosis progress. MSCs-HGF could promote proliferation of lung epithelial cells and protect them from apoptosis, and improve the expression of endogenous HGF and its receptor c-Met significantly. We also found that sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1 expression was increased in injured lung. These results suggest MSC-based HGF gene therapy not only reduces inflammation but also inhibits lung fibrosis. © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


PubMed | Kafr El Sheikh University, Beijing 307 Hospital and Zhejiang University
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015

After initial treatment of breast cancer (BC), monitoring locoregional recurrence and distant metastases is a great clinical challenge.To evaluate the efficacy of PET/CT in association with serum tumor makers in BC follow-up.Twenty-six women with a history of modified radical mastectomy were evaluated by 18F-FDG PET/CT. The results of PET/CT were compared with those of conventional imaging techniques (CITs) (including mammography, chest radiography, CT, MRI, ultrasound, and bone scintigraphy). Serum tumor markers of CEA, CA 125, and CA 15-3 in the BC patients were also analyzed in association with the results of PET/CT.Compared with CITs, PET/CT was more sensitive to detect the malignant foci and had better patient-based sensitivity and specificity. The mean CA 15-3 serum level was significantly higher in the confirmed positive patients of PET/CT results than in the confirmed negative ones, while there were no significant differences in the serum levels of CEA and CA 125 of both groups.PET/CT is a highly efficient tool for BC follow-up compared with CITs. The high serum levels of CA 15-3 in confirmed positive PET/CT patients indicated the clinical value of CA 15-3 in BC follow-up.

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