Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital

İzmir, Turkey

Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital

İzmir, Turkey
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Inal-Emiroglu F.N.,Dokuz Eylül University | Karabay N.,Dokuz Eylül University | Guleryuz H.,Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital | Baykara B.,Dokuz Eylül University | And 3 more authors.
Neuropsychobiology | Year: 2015

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess differences and correlations between the hippocampal volumes (HCVs), serum nerve growth factor (NGF), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in adolescents with bipolar disorder (BP) compared to healthy controls. Methods: Using structural magnetic resonance imaging, we compared HCVs of 30 patients with euthymic BP who were already enrolled in a naturalistic clinical follow-up. For comparison, we enrolled 23 healthy controls between the ages of 13 and 19. The boundaries of the hippocampus were outlined manually. The BDNF and NGF serum levels were measured with the sandwich ELISA. Results: The groups did not differ in the right or left HCVs or in the NGF or BDNF serum levels. However, negative correlations were found between the right HCVs and the duration of the disorder and medication and positive correlations were found between the duration of the medications and the NGF and BDNF levels in the patient group. Additionally, positive correlations were found between the follow-up period and left normalized HCVs in both the BP and lithium-treated groups. Conclusions: The right HCVs may vary with illness duration and the medication used to treat BP; NGF and BDNF levels may be affected by long-term usage. Further research is needed to determine whether these variables and their structural correlates are associated with clinical or functional differences between adolescents with BP and healthy controls. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Celik O.,Private Clinic | Unlu C.,Acibadem University | Otlu B.,Inonu University | Celik N.,Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital | Caliskan E.,Medical Park Hospital
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2015

Objective To determine whether laparoscopic endometrioma resection alters peri-implantation endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, ITGB3 and ITGAV mRNA expression. Design Case-control study. Setting Medical school. Patient(s) Twenty infertile patients with uni- or bilateral endometrioma, five infertile patients having nonendometriotic benign ovarian cyst, and five fertile control subjects. Intervention(s) Mid-luteal-phase endometrial sampling was performed at the time of surgery. Second endometrial biopsies were obtained 3 months after laparoscopic endometrioma resection during the mid-luteal phase of the cycle. Main Outcome Measure(s) Endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, ITGAV, and ITGB3 mRNA expressions were evaluated with the use of reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Result(s) Significantly decreased endometrial ITGAV mRNA expression was noted in biopsies obtained from endometrioma and nonendometriotic cyst groups before surgery. Trends toward decreased endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, and ITGB3 mRNA expressions were noted in the endometrioma and nonendometriotic cyst groups before surgery compared with the fertile subjects. However, the differences failed to show statistical significance. Compared with preoperative values, significantly increased HOXA-10 (12.1-fold change) and HOXA-11 (17.2-fold change) mRNA expressions were noted in endometrial biopsies obtained from subjects who were undergoing endometrioma surgery. Fold change in endometrial ITGAV mRNA after endometrioma surgery was found to be 30.1 and indicated a positive regulation. However, this fold increase was statistically insignificant. Expressions of these endometrial receptivity markers did not change significantly after surgical removal of nonendometriotic benign ovarian cysts. Conclusion(s) Laparoscopic endometrioma resection increases peri-implantation endometrial HOXA-10 and HOXA-11 mRNA expression, suggesting an improvement in endometrial receptivity. © 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine.


PubMed | Istanbul University, Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital and Inonu University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) | Year: 2015

This study was designed to investigate whether endometrial receptivity genes are altered in infertile patients with intramural leiomyomas (IM) not distorting the endometrial cavity undergoing myomectomy. We measured endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, ITGB3, and ITGAV messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions levels before and after myomectomy/metroplasty during mid-luteal phase in participants with IM, submucosal leiomyomas (SM), and septate uterus and fertile participants without fibroids. Initial endometrial sampling was obtained at the time of surgery, and second sampling was obtained 3 months after myomectomy/metroplasty. Expressions of each gene were evaluated using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A trend toward decreased endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, and ITGAV mRNA expression was detected in both SM and IM groups before myomectomy when compared to both fertile group and septate uterus. However, the differences failed to show statistical significance. After myomectomy of IM, we have detected 12.8-fold increase in endometrial HOXA-10 mRNA expression and 9.0-fold increase in endometrial HOXA-11 mRNA expression. This increase in endometrial HOXA-10 and 11 mRNA expression was significant. Accordingly, 2 patients having intramural fibroids greater than 5 cm were able to remain pregnant after myomectomy. Conversely, submucosal myomectomy did not cause any significant effect on endometrial receptivity markers. Likewise, all markers of endometrial receptivity remained unchanged after metroplasty. Myomectomy of IM have favorable effect on endometrial HOXA-10 and 11 mRNA expression.


PubMed | Istanbul University, Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital, Private Clinic, Medical Park Hospital and Inonu University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Fertility and sterility | Year: 2015

To determine whether laparoscopic endometrioma resection alters peri-implantation endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, ITGB3 and ITGAV mRNA expression.Case-control study.Medical school.Twenty infertile patients with uni- or bilateral endometrioma, five infertile patients having nonendometriotic benign ovarian cyst, and five fertile control subjects.Mid-luteal-phase endometrial sampling was performed at the time of surgery. Second endometrial biopsies were obtained 3 months after laparoscopic endometrioma resection during the mid-luteal phase of the cycle.Endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, ITGAV, and ITGB3 mRNA expressions were evaluated with the use of reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.Significantly decreased endometrial ITGAV mRNA expression was noted in biopsies obtained from endometrioma and nonendometriotic cyst groups before surgery. Trends toward decreased endometrial HOXA-10, HOXA-11, LIF, and ITGB3 mRNA expressions were noted in the endometrioma and nonendometriotic cyst groups before surgery compared with the fertile subjects. However, the differences failed to show statistical significance. Compared with preoperative values, significantly increased HOXA-10 (12.1-fold change) and HOXA-11 (17.2-fold change) mRNA expressions were noted in endometrial biopsies obtained from subjects who were undergoing endometrioma surgery. Fold change in endometrial ITGAV mRNA after endometrioma surgery was found to be 30.1 and indicated a positive regulation. However, this fold increase was statistically insignificant. Expressions of these endometrial receptivity markers did not change significantly after surgical removal of nonendometriotic benign ovarian cysts.Laparoscopic endometrioma resection increases peri-implantation endometrial HOXA-10 and HOXA-11 mRNA expression, suggesting an improvement in endometrial receptivity.


PubMed | Cumhuriyet University, Pamukkale University, Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital and Sami Ulus Childrens Hospital
Type: | Journal: Neuroscience letters | Year: 2016

There are some studies in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which note altered circadian rhythms, suggesting abnormalities in melatonin physiology. In order to better characterize the possible melatonin alteration in ADHD, in this study we aimed to detect daytime, nighttime and 24 h levels of 6-hydroxymelatoninsulfate (6-OH MS) in the patients diagnosed with ADHD. Twenty-seven patients between 6 and 16 years-old, who had been diagnosed initially with ADHD, but without other physical and psychiatric disease history and who had not taken psychotropic pharmacotherapy for six months, plus 28 healthy volunteer controls, were included in the study. Urine samples were collected during the whole 24 h cycle, daytime and nighttime separately to assess the time-dependent excretion of the 6-OH MS, which is the main urine metabolite of melatonin. The Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method was used for measuring the urine 6-OH MS level. Daytime (15.4 (8.9-24.8) ng/ml vs 6.9 (2.5-15.9) ng/ml, p=0.002), nighttime (102.9 (65.3-197.7) ng/ml vs 61.5 (37.2-114.4) ng/ml, p=0.012) and 24 h (54.1 (34.6-83.9) ng/ml vs 27.3 (14.3-48.9) ng/ml, p=0.000) 6-OH MS levels median (25p-75p) were found to be significantly higher in the ADHD group. After adjustment for age and sex, there was a statistically significant difference between the ADHD group (59.8 4.9) and control group (33.8 4.8) in 24-h 6-OH MS levels (F(1, 51)=13.673, p=.001, partial 2=.211). There was no relationship between 6-OH MS levels and Conners Parent Rating Scale short form subscale scores for the ADHD group. These findings indicate that melatonin production is increased in ADHD cases. Further research is needed to determine and thereby understand the mechanisms underlying the higher melatonin production, to assess the impact of altered melatonin on the pathophysiology of ADHD.


PubMed | Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital, Umraniye Education and Research Hospital, Firat University, Private Clinic and Private Medical Hospital
Type: | Journal: Biochemistry insights | Year: 2015

Following early embryonic germ cell migration, oocytes are surrounded by somatic cells and remain arrested at diplotene stage until luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Strict regulation of both meiotic arrest and meiotic resumption during dormant stage are critical for future fertility. Inter-cellular signaling system between the somatic compartment and oocyte regulates these meiotic events and determines the follicle quality. As well as the collected number of eggs, their qualities are also important for in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. In spontaneous and IVF cycles, germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes, premature GV breakdown, and persistence of first meiotic arrest limit the reproductive performance. Likewise, both women with premature ovarian aging and young cancer women are undergoing chemoradiotherapy under the risk of follicle loss because of unregulated meiotic events. Understanding of oocyte meiotic events is therefore critical for the prevention of functional ovarian reserve. High levels of cyclic guanosine monophophate (cGMP), cyclic adenosine monophophate (cAMP) and low phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3A enzyme activity inside the oocyte are responsible for maintaining of meiotic arrest before the LH surge. cGMP is produced in the somatic compartment, and natriuretic peptide precursor C (Nppc) and natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (Npr2) regulate its production. cGMP diffuses into the oocyte and reduces the PDE3A activity, which inhibits the conversion of cAMP to the 5AMP, and cAMP levels are enhanced. In addition, oocyte itself has the ability to produce cAMP. Taken together, accumulation of cAMP inside the oocyte induces protein kinase activity, which leads to the inhibition of maturation-promoting factor and meiotic arrest also continues. By stimulating the expression of epidermal growth factor, LH inhibits the Nppc/Npr2 system, blocks cGMP synthesis, and initiates meiotic resumption. Oocytes lacking the functional of this pathway may lead to persistence of the GV oocyte, which reduces the number of good quality eggs. Selective regulation of somatic cell signals and oocyte meiotic events enhance progress in fertility preservation methods, which may give us the opportunity to prevent follicle loss in prematurely aging women and young women with cancer are undergoing chemoradiotherapy.


PubMed | Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital, Dicle University and Diyarbakr Teaching and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The West Indian medical journal | Year: 2016

We report hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a newborn with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. The neonate had distinct signs of congenital cytomegalovirus infection including petechiae, jaundice, intracranial calcifications, cerebral ventriculomegaly and chorioretinitis together with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Following determination of anti-cytomegalovirus IgM, viral DNA was also isolated from the plasma of the patient by polymerase chain reaction. Although cytomegalovirus is a relatively frequent cause of myocarditis in childhood, it was rarely reported to be associated with cardiac abnormalities such as structural heart disease, atrioventricular block, or dilated cardiomyopathy. To our knowledge, this is the first case with congenital cytomegalovirus infection and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.


Celik O.,Private Clinic | Aydin S.,Firat University | Celik N.,Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital | Yilmaz M.,Firat University
Peptides | Year: 2015

Mammalian reproduction is a costly process in terms of energy consumption. The critical information regarding metabolic status is signaled to the hypothalamus mainly through peripheral peptides from the adipose tissue and gastrointestinal tract. Changes in energy stores produce fluctuations in leptin, insulin, ghrelin and glucose signals that feedback mainly to the hypothalamus to regulate metabolism and fertility. In near future, possible effects of the nutritional status on GnRH regulation can be evaluated by measuring serum or tissue levels of leptin and ghrelin in patiens suffering from infertility. The fact that leptin and ghrelin are antagonistic in their effects on GnRH neurons, their respective agonistic and antagonistic roles make them ideal candidates to use instead of GnRH agonist and antagonist. Similarly, kisspeptin expressing neurons are likely to mediate the well-established link between energy balance and reproductive functions. Exogenous kisspeptin can be used for physiological ovarian hyperstimulation for in-vitro fertilization. Moreover, kisspeptin antagonist therapy can be used for the treatment of postmenapousal women, precocious puberty, PCOS, endometriosis and uterine fibroids. In this review, we will analyze the central mechanisms involved in the integration of metabolic information and their contribution to the control of the reproductive function. Particular attention will be paid to summarize the participation of leptin, kisspeptin, ghrelin, NPY, orexin, urocortin, VIP, insulin, galanin, galanin like peptide, oxytocin, agouti gene-related peptide, and POMC neurons in this process and their possible interactions to contribute to the metabolic control of reproduction. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital, Firat University and Private Clinic
Type: | Journal: Peptides | Year: 2015

Mammalian reproduction is a costly process in terms of energy consumption. The critical information regarding metabolic status is signaled to the hypothalamus mainly through peripheral peptides from the adipose tissue and gastrointestinal tract. Changes in energy stores produce fluctuations in leptin, insulin, ghrelin and glucose signals that feedback mainly to the hypothalamus to regulate metabolism and fertility. In near future, possible effects of the nutritional status on GnRH regulation can be evaluated by measuring serum or tissue levels of leptin and ghrelin in patiens suffering from infertility. The fact that leptin and ghrelin are antagonistic in their effects on GnRH neurons, their respective agonistic and antagonistic roles make them ideal candidates to use instead of GnRH agonist and antagonist. Similarly, kisspeptin expressing neurons are likely to mediate the well-established link between energy balance and reproductive functions. Exogenous kisspeptin can be used for physiological ovarian hyperstimulation for in-vitro fertilization. Moreover, kisspeptin antagonist therapy can be used for the treatment of postmenapousal women, precocious puberty, PCOS, endometriosis and uterine fibroids. In this review, we will analyze the central mechanisms involved in the integration of metabolic information and their contribution to the control of the reproductive function. Particular attention will be paid to summarize the participation of leptin, kisspeptin, ghrelin, NPY, orexin, urocortin, VIP, insulin, galanin, galanin like peptide, oxytocin, agouti gene-related peptide, and POMC neurons in this process and their possible interactions to contribute to the metabolic control of reproduction.


PubMed | Behcet Uz Childrens Hospital
Type: | Journal: Journal of forensic sciences | Year: 2016

Vaginal discharge and bleeding in children require a through and thoughtful evaluation to diagnose the underlying problem including infections, sexual abuse, and vaginal foreign bodies. We report a 6-year-old girl presenting with bloody vaginal discharge, carefully evaluated for sexual abuse, and finally diagnosed as a vaginal foreign body after vaginoscopy. A rolling hair ball was extracted from the vagina and was diagnosed as trichobezoar pathologically without any endo-ecto-mesodermal residual tissue. The hair ball was genetically detected and diagnosed to belong herself by containing no foreign structure. Child sexual abuse was ruled out by forensic interview at CAC and report of forensic science that reported genetic structure belonging to the child. Medicolegal assessment helped in final diagnosis to exclude child sexual abuse.

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