Rezayati Charani P.,Behbahan Khatam Al Anbia University of Technology |
Dehghani-Firouzabadi M.,Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources |
Afra E.,Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources |
Blademo A.,Innventia Ab |
And 2 more authors.
Cellulose | Year: 2013
This work investigated the effect of using Kenaf bast fibre kraft pulps compared to Scotch Pine kraft pulps for producing microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its employment for improving mechanical and physical properties of handsheets made from unbleached kraft hardwood pulp. It was shown that MFC based on Kenaf fibres can be produced at higher consistencies [>5 % (w/w)] compared to when Scotch Pine is employed [≈2 % (w/w)] as raw material. The possibility of using a higher consistency when processing Kenaf is beneficial for the processing in microfluidizers. The rheological properties of the products were shown to be consistent with what is known for MFC-based systems. The studies indicate that the mechanical properties of handsheets from unbleached kraft hardwood pulp can be improved by replacing part of the unbleached kraft hardwood pulp fibres with either unbleached kraft Kenaf pulp or unbleached Scotch Pine kraft pulp. However, the same levels of improvements were obtained when using only a small amount [≈6 % (w/w)] of MFC based on Kenaf or Scotch Pine, when introduced into the system either as a dry strength additive or by coating pre-made handsheets. Finally, it was shown that the incorporation of MFC in handsheets decreases the air-permeability; this effect became amplified when the MFC was applied as a coating onto the handsheets. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Hamidipoor F.,Behbahan Khatam Al anbia University of Technology |
Pourkhabbaz H.R.,Behbahan Khatam Al anbia University of Technology |
Banaee M.,Behbahan Khatam Al anbia University of Technology |
Javanmardi S.,Behbahan Khatam Al anbia University of Technology
Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2015
Feeding deltamethrin-contaminated grains to domestic poultry, such as quails may result in toxic effects in these birds. This study was done to investigate the effects of recommended doses of deltamethrin, sometimes used in grain storage silos, on Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Quails were fed grains contaminated with 0.25 and 0.50 mg deltamethrin per kg diet for 21 days and the effects on survival and blood biochemical parameters were studied. Plasma uric acid, creatinine levels, and creatinine phosphokinase activity in the blood were increased. Aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activities and glucose levels significantly increased in birds treated with the high dose of deltamethrin. Alanine aminotransferase activity and albumin or cholesterol levels were not changed, and acetylcholinesterase and alkaline phosphatase activities, total protein and globulin in plasma were decreased. Administration of 0.25 mg/kg deltamethrin caused increased blood triglyceride levels, 0.50 mg/kg deltamethrin decreased triglyceride levels. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
PubMed | Razi University and Behbahan Khatam Al Anbia University of Technology
Type: | Journal: Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications | Year: 2015
A simple and sensitive sensor based on carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified by chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticle (CMNP) was developed for the electrochemical determination of morphine (MO). The proposed sensor was characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The electrooxidation of MO was studied on modified carbon paste electrode using cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and differential pulse voltammetry as diagnostic techniques. The oxidation peak potential of morphine on the CMNP/CPE appeared at 380 mV which was accompanied with smaller overpotential and increase in oxidation peak current compared to that obtained on the bare carbon paste electrode (CPE). Under optimum conditions the sensor provides two linear DPV responses in the range of 10-2000 nM and 2-720 M for MO with a detection limit of 3 nM. The proposed sensor was successfully applied for monitoring of MO in serum and urine samples and satisfactory results were obtained.