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Dillon F.R.,Florida International University | De La Rosa M.,Florida International University | Sastre F.,Florida International University | Ibanez G.,Behavioral Science Research Institute
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors | Year: 2013

Familismo in the Latino culture is a value hallmarked by close relations with nuclear and extended family members throughout the life span, with pronounced levels of loyalty, reciprocity, and solidarity. Familismo is posited as health protective against alcohol misuse among Latinos in the United States. This study examines the relative influence of pre-and postimmigration familismo on alcohol use behaviors among recent Latino immigrants while accounting for myriad sociocultural factors (gender, age, documentation status, education, income, marital status, presence of family members in the United States, primary language used in the community, English language proficiency, and time in the United States). Participants included 405 young adults, aged 18 to 34 years, who were primarily of Cuban (50%), Columbian (19%), and Central American (15%) descent. Retrospective assessment of preimmigration familismo occurred during participants' first 12 months in the United States. Follow-up assessment of alcohol use behaviors occurred during participants' second year in the United States. Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) path modeling was used to test study hypotheses. Inverse associations were determined between preimmigration familismo and alcohol use quantity and harmful/hazardous alcohol use. Men and participants who reported more proficiency in English, and those living in neighborhoods where English is predominantly spoken, indicated more alcohol use quantity and harmful/hazardous alcohol use. By considering both pre-and postimmigration determinants of alcohol use, findings offer a fuller contextual understanding of the lives of Latino young adult immigrants. Results support the importance of lifelong familismo as a buffer against alcohol misuse in young adulthood. © 2013 APA.

Dillon F.R.,Florida International University | De La Rosa M.,Florida International University | Ibanez G.E.,Behavioral Science Research Institute
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health | Year: 2013

This study investigates a theorized link between Latino immigrants' experience of acculturative stress during their two initial years in the United States (US) and declines in family cohesion from pre- to post-immigration contexts. This retrospective cohort study included 405 adult participants. Baseline assessment occurred during participants' first 12 months in the US. Follow-up assessment occurred during participants' second year in the US. General linear mixed models were used to estimate change in family cohesion and sociocultural correlates of this change. Inverse associations were determined between acculturative stress during initial years in the US and declines in family cohesion from pre-immigration to post-immigration contexts. Participants with undocumented immigration status, those with lower education levels, and those without family in the US generally indicated lower family cohesion. Participants who experienced more acculturative stress and those without family in the US evidenced a greater decline in family cohesion. Results are promising in terms of implications for health services for recent Latino immigrants. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Mooss A.,Behavioral Science Research Institute | Hartman M.,Behavioral Science Research Institute | Ibanez G.,Florida International University
Evaluation and Program Planning | Year: 2015

Integrated care models are gaining popularity as a clinical strategy to reduce costs and improve client outcomes; however, implementation of such complex models requires an understanding of programmatic core components essential to producing positive outcomes. To promote this understanding, evaluators can work collaboratively with organization staff and leaderships to gather information on program implementation, adaptations, organizational buy-in, and project outcomes. In 2011, SAMHSA funded two Miami health clinics to implement integrated care models in co-located settings. Changes in the federal healthcare landscape, non-Medicaid expansion for Florida, and the complexity of projects goals led evaluators to facilitate a core component review as part of evaluation. A manual was developed throughout the project and captured a description, adaptations, inputs needed, lessons learned, and sustainability for each integrated care component. To increase chances for program success, evaluators should institute a method to better define core components of new programs and implementation adaptations, while keeping program replication in mind. Breaking down the program structurally gave the evaluation utility for stakeholders, and ultimately served as a resource for organizations to better understand their program model. The manual also continues to serve as a dissemination and replication source for other providers looking to implement integrated care. © 2015 The Authors.

Lange N.E.,Brigham and Womens Hospital | Lange N.E.,Harvard University | Bunyavanich S.,Brigham and Womens Hospital | Bunyavanich S.,Harvard University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2011

Background: Little is known about paternal psychosocial factors and childhood asthma. Objective: We sought to examine the link between maternal and paternal psychosocial stress and asthma outcomes in young children. Methods: Parents of 339 pairs of Puerto Rican twins were interviewed individually about their own psychosocial stress and about asthma in their children at age 1 year and again about their child's asthma at age 3 years. Fathers were asked about symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and antisocial behavior. Mothers were asked about depressive symptoms. Outcomes assessed in children included recent asthma symptoms, oral steroid use and hospitalizations for asthma in the prior year, and asthma diagnosis. Generalized estimated equation models were used for the multivariate analysis of parental psychosocial stress and asthma morbidity in childhood. Results: After multivariable adjustment, paternal PTSD symptoms, depression, and antisocial behavior were each associated with increased asthma symptoms at age 1 year (eg, odds ratio, 1.08 for each 1-point increase in PTSD score; 95% CI, 1.03-1.14). Maternal depressive symptoms were associated with an increased risk of asthma hospitalizations at age 1 year. At age 3 years, maternal depressive symptoms were associated with asthma diagnosis and hospitalizations for asthma (odds ratio for each 1-point increase in symptoms, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.00-1.36). In an analysis combining 1- and 3-year outcomes, paternal depression was associated with oral steroid use, maternal depressive symptoms were associated with asthma hospitalizations and asthma diagnosis, and parental depression was associated with hospitalizations for asthma. Conclusions: Both paternal and maternal psychosocial factors can influence asthma morbidity in young Puerto Rican children. © 2010 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

Ibanez G.E.,Behavioral Science Research Institute | Levi-Minzi M.A.,Nova Southeastern University | Rigg K.K.,Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion | Mooss A.D.,Behavioral Science Research Institute
Journal of Psychoactive Drugs | Year: 2013

Benzodiazepines (BZ) are often diverted from legal sources to illicit markets at various points in the distribution process beginning with a pharmaceutical manufacturer, followed by healthcare providers, and finally, to the intended users. Little is known about the extent of BZ diversion involving distribution points directly related to healthcare sources versus points further down the distribution chain. The present study examines the scope of BZ diversion, and the association between BZ dependence and the direct utilization of particular healthcare-related diversion sources among a diverse sample of prescription drug abusers in South Florida. Cross-sectional data were collected from five different groups of drug users: methadone-maintenance clients (n = 247), street drug users (n = 238), public-pay treatment clients (n = 245), private-pay treatment clients (n = 228), and stimulant-using men who have sex with men (MSM; n = 249). Findings suggest that those who are ages 26 to 35 years old, non-Hispanic White participants, private-pay treatment clients, those who are insured, and those with higher incomes had higher odds of utilizing healthcare diversion sources. Those who reported BZ dependence had 2.5 times greater odds of using a healthcare source to obtain BZs than those who did not meet criteria for dependence. © 2013 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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