Ni Chroinin D.,Beaumont Hospital Beaumont |
Glavin P.,Charleville Family Practice Charleville Co. |
Power D.,St Marys Hospital |
Power D.,Materials Misericordiae University Hospital
Archives of Osteoporosis | Year: 2013
We conducted a cross-sectional study of the understanding on osteoporosis amongst community-dwelling geriatric patients. Patient understanding on the pathology, risk factors and its complications was suboptimal, but better amongst women and persons with diagnosed osteoporosis. Improving patient osteoporosis education may lead to improved compliance with preventive and therapeutic measures. Purpose: Osteoporosis is often preventable and treatable. Establishing levels of understanding in an Irish population will help inform future public and patient education. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 126 randomly selected geriatric day hospital patients, interviewing next of kin where abbreviated mental test score was <6. Questions assessed awareness of (1) basic pathology, (2) predisposing and protective factors, (3) complications and (4) personal osteoporosis status and treatment. Results: Participants included 103 patients and 23 carers; 78.6 % were female; patients' mean age was 81.6 years. Of the patients surveyed, 87.3 % had heard of osteoporosis; 56.1 % knew affected bone; and 30.2 % were cognisant of architectural change. About 65.9 % reported that a doctor had never discussed the condition; 92.9 % correctly identified whether diagnosed with osteoporosis, and >96 % correctly identified their treatment status. Rates of risk factor identification were as follows: 88.9 % for ageing, 83.8 % female gender, 65.1 % smoking, 62.4 % low BMI and 51.6 % alcohol excess; <10 % identified other risk factors. Awareness of complications ranged from 91.3 % for fractures to 44.4 % for height loss. Awareness of protective factors (calcium/vitamin D-rich food, medication and exercise) was >85 % for each. More women had heard of osteoporosis (p = 0.02), knew affected bone (p = 0.005) and recognised gender as a risk factor (p = 0.015) and pain (p = 0.05) or kyphosis (p = 0.014) as complications. Osteoporotic patients (N = 38) were more likely to know it as affected bone (p = 0.006). Amongst patients surveyed [abbreviated mental test score (AMTS) 6-10], AMTS score did not predict understanding. Age did not predict understanding, nor were next of kin more likely to understand osteoporosis than patients. Conclusion: There is scope for enhancing patient osteoporosis education, which may improve compliance with preventive and therapeutic measures. © 2012 International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation.
Lydon S.,Trinity College Dublin |
O'Connor P.,National University of Ireland |
McVeigh T.,Galway University Hospital |
Offiah G.,Beaumont Hospital Beaumont |
Byrne D.,Galway University Hospital
Irish Medical Journal | Year: 2015
There has been increasing interest in the personalities of doctors. This study examined whether personality differed based upon gender, level of training or medical speciality among 200 physicians and 134 medical students. Post-internship doctors scored significantly higher on conscientiousness (p=.001) than those pursuing basic medical training. Among those pursuing basic medical training, females scored significantly higher than males on agreeableness (p<.001) and conscientiousness (p=.001). Among post-internship respondents, females scored significantly higher on agreeableness (p=.004). There were no personality differences between post-internship doctors working in different specialities. However, among those pursuing basic medical training, those interested in person-focused medical specialities scored significantly higher on extraversion (p<.001), conscientiousness (p=.001), and lower on neuroticism (p=.01) than those who had no strong preference. These results suggest that there is no unique personality profile associated with medical practice, or medical speciality. Instead, it appears that medical school may shape personality. © 2015 Irish Medical Association. All rights reserved.