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Royal Oak, MI, United States

Boyanton B.L.,Laboratory Medicine | Boyanton B.L.,Oakland University | Freij B.J.,Beaumont Childrens Hospital | Freij B.J.,Oakland University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of neonatal bacterial meningitis. We describe such a case and verify two household cats as the source of infection using repetitive-element PCR (rep-PCR) molecular fingering. © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Gonzalez-Hernandez J.,Baylor University | Daoud Y.,Baylor University | Fischer A.C.,Beaumont Childrens Hospital | Barth B.,Childrens Medical Center Dallas | Piper H.G.,Childrens Medical Center Dallas
Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Purpose Button gastrostomy is the preferred feeding device in children and can be placed open or laparoscopically (LBG). Alternatively, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) can be placed initially and exchanged for a button. Endoscopic-assisted button gastrostomy (EBG) combines both techniques, using only one incision and suturing the stomach to the abdominal wall. The long-term outcomes and potential costs for EBG were compared to other techniques. Methods Children undergoing EBG, LBG, and PEG (2010-2013) were compared. Patient demographics, procedure duration/complications, and clinic and emergency room (ER) visits for an eight-week follow-up period were compared. Results Patient demographics were similar (32 patients/group). Mean procedure time (min) for EBG was 38 ± 9, compared to 58 ± 20 for LBG and 31 ± 10 for PEG (p < 0.0001). The most common complications were granulation tissue and infection with a trend toward fewer infections in EBG group. Average number of ER visits was similar, but PEG group had fewer clinic visits. 97% of PEG patients had subsequent visits for exchange to button gastrostomy. Conclusions EBG is safe and comparable to LBG and PEG in terms of complications. It has a shorter procedure time than LBG and does not require laparoscopy, device exchange, or subsequent fluoroscopic confirmation, potentially reducing costs. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Dekelbab B.H.,St John Hospital | Abou Ouf H.A.,St John Hospital | Jain I.,Beaumont Childrens Hospital
Endocrine Practice

Objective: To determine the prevalence of elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in obese children and adolescents referred to pediatric endocrinology clinics. Methods: We undertook a retrospective review of medical records of 191 obese and 125 nonobese children (younger than 18 years old). Data about age, sex, body mass index, TSH, thyroid functions, thyroid antibodies, thyroid size, and medications were collected. Results: Six obese patients had Hashimoto disease and TSH values from 0.73 to 12.73 mIU/L; they were excluded from the study analyses. Of the remaining 185 obese subjects, 20 (10.8%) had TSH levels >4 mIU/L, but no control subject measurement exceeded this TSH value. The highest TSH concentration in an obese study subject was 7.51 mIU/L. When obese children with TSH levels >4 mIU/L were classified in a third group, the mean TSH in the rest of the obese children was comparable with that in the control group (1.98 ± 0.84 [SD] and 1.95 ± 0.80 mIU/L, respectively; post hoc analysis of variance, P = .945). Obese subjects with increased TSH values had a mean body mass index similar to that for obese subjects with normal TSH levels (34.98 ± 6.12 [SD] and 34.29 ± 7.84 kg/m2, respectively). Conclusion: Mild elevation of TSH values in the absence of autoimmune thyroid disease is not uncommon in some obese children and adolescents. This is the second study in the United States to report this observation. Our study did not identify any special characteristics of obese subjects with TSH elevation in comparison with obese children with normal TSH levels and the control group. Current medical knowledge does not support routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in obese children. © 2010 AACE. Source

Bennett J.T.,University of Washington | Vasta V.,University of Washington | Zhang M.,University of Washington | Narayanan J.,University of Washington | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism

Genetic sequencing has become a critical part of the diagnosis of certain forms of pancreatic beta cell dysfunction. Despite great advances in the speed and cost of DNA sequencing, determining the pathogenicity of variants remains a challenge, and requires sharing of sequence and phenotypic data between laboratories. We reviewed all diabetes and hyperinsulinism-associated molecular testing done at the Seattle Children's Molecular Genetics Laboratory from 2009 to 2013. 331 probands were referred to us for molecular genetic sequencing for Neonatal Diabetes (NDM), Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY), or Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) during this period. Reportable variants were identified in 115 (35%) patients with 91 variants in one of 6 genes: HNF1A, GCK, HNF4A, ABCC8, KCNJ11, or INS. In addition to identifying 23 novel variants, we identified unusual mechanisms of inheritance, including mosaic and digenic MODY presentations. Re-analysis of all reported variants using more recently available databases led to a change in variant interpretation from the original report in 30% of cases. These results represent a resource for molecular testing of monogenic forms of diabetes and hyperinsulinism, providing a mutation spectrum for these disorders in a large North American cohort. In addition, they highlight the importance of periodic review of molecular testing results. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Forman S.F.,Boston Childrens Hospital | McKenzie N.,Boston Childrens Hospital | Hehn R.,Program for Patient Safety and Quality | Monge M.C.,Boston Childrens Hospital | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Adolescent Health

Purpose The National Eating Disorders Quality Improvement Collaborative evaluated data of patients with restrictive eating disorders to analyze demographics of diagnostic categories and predictors of weight restoration at 1 year.Methods Fourteen Adolescent Medicine eating disorder programs participated in a retrospective review of 700 adolescents aged 9-21 years with three visits, with DSM-5 categories of restrictive eating disorders including anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). Data including demographics, weight and height at intake and follow-up, treatment before intake, and treatment during the year of follow-up were analyzed.Results At intake, 53.6% met criteria for AN, 33.9% for atypical AN, and 12.4% for ARFID. Adolescents with ARFID were more likely to be male, younger, and had a longer duration of illness before presentation. All sites had a positive change in mean percentage median body mass index (%MBMI) for their population at 1-year follow-up. Controlling for age, gender, duration of illness, diagnosis, and prior higher level of care, only %MBMI at intake was a significant predictor of weight recovery. In the model, there was a 12.7% change in %MBMI (interquartile range, 6.5-19.3). Type of treatment was not predictive, and there were no significant differences between programs in terms of weight restoration.Conclusions The National Eating Disorders Quality Improvement Collaborative provides a description of the patient population presenting to a national cross-section of 14 Adolescent Medicine eating disorder programs and categorized by DSM-5. Treatment modalities need to be further evaluated to assess for more global aspects of recovery. © 2014 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved. Source

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