Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord

Clichy, France

Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord

Clichy, France
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Leporq B.,University Paris Diderot | Lambert S.A.,University Paris Diderot | Lambert S.A.,King's College London | Ronot M.,University Paris Diderot | And 9 more authors.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine | Year: 2016

Purpose: To develop an MRI method for quantifying hepatic fat content and visceral adipose tissue fatty acid composition in mice on a 7.0T preclinical system. Methods: MR acquisitions were performed with a multiple echo spoiled gradient echo with bipolar readout gradients. After phase correction, the number of double bounds (ndb) and the number of methylene interrupted double bounds (nmidb) were quantified with a model including eight fat components, and parametric maps of saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids were derived. The model included a complex error map to correct for the phase errors and the amplitude modulation caused by the bipolar acquisition. Validations were performed in fat–water emulsions and vegetable oils. In vivo, the feasibility was evaluated in mice receiving a high-fat diet containing primarily saturated fatty acids and a low-fat diet containing primarily unsaturated fatty acids. Results: Linear regressions showed strong agreements between ndb and nmidb quantified with MRI and the theoretical values calculated using oil compositions, as well as between the proton density and the fat fractions in the emulsions. At MRI, the mouse liver fat fraction was smaller in mice fed the low-fat diet compared with mice fed the high-fat diet. In visceral adipose tissue, saturated fatty acids were significantly higher, whereas monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were significantly lower in mice fed the low-fat diet compared with mice fed the high-fat diet. Conclusion: It is feasible to simultaneously quantify hepatic fat content and visceral adipose tissue fatty acid composition with 7.0T MRI in mice. Magn Reson Med 76:510–518, 2016. © 2015 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. © 2015 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.


Juge L.,Neuroscience Research Australia | Juge L.,University of New South Wales | Petiet A.,University Paris Diderot | Lambert S.A.,King's College London | And 9 more authors.
NMR in Biomedicine | Year: 2015

Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) uses macroscopic shear wave propagation to quantify mechanical properties of soft tissues. Micro-obstacles are capable of affecting the macroscopic dispersion properties of shear waves. Since disease or therapy can change the mechanical integrity and organization of vascular structures, MRE should be able to sense these changes if blood vessels represent a source for wave scattering. To verify this, MRE was performed to quantify alteration of the shear wave speed cs due to the presence of vascular outgrowths using an aortic ring model. Eighteen fragments of rat aorta included in a Matrigel matrix (n=6 without outgrowths, n=6 with a radial outgrowth extent of ~600μm and n=6 with ~850μm) were imaged using a 7 Tesla MR scanner (Bruker, PharmaScan). High resolution anatomical images were acquired in addition to multi-frequency MRE (ν = 100, 115, 125, 135 and 150 Hz). Average cs was measured within a ring of ~900μm thickness encompassing the aorta and were normalized to cs0 of the corresponding Matrigel. The frequency dependence was fit to the power law model cs ~νy. After scanning, optical microscopy was performed to visualize outgrowths. Results demonstrated that in presence of vascular outgrowths (1) normalized cs significantly increased for the three highest frequencies (Kruskal-Wallis test, P = 0.0002 at 125 Hz and P = 0.002 at 135 Hz and P = 0.003 at 150 Hz) but not for the two lowest (Kruskal-Wallis test, P = 0.63 at 100 Hz and P = 0.87 at 115 Hz), and (2) normalized cs followed a power law behavior not seen in absence of vascular outgrowths (ANOVA test, P < 0.0001). These results showed that vascular outgrowths acted as micro-obstacles altering the dispersion relationships of propagating shear waves and that MRE could provide valuable information about microvascular changes. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Giraudeau C.,University Paris Diderot | Leporq B.,University Paris Diderot | Doblas S.,University Paris Diderot | Lagadec M.,University Paris Diderot | And 7 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2016

Objectives: Changes in the expression of hepatocyte membrane transporters in advanced fibrosis decrease the hepatic transport function of organic anions. The aim of our study was to assess if these changes can be evaluated with pharmacokinetic analysis of the hepatobiliary transport of the MR contrast agent gadoxetate. Methods: Dynamic gadoxetate-enhanced MRI was performed in 17 rats with advanced fibrosis and 8 normal rats. After deconvolution, hepatocyte three-compartmental analysis was performed to calculate the hepatocyte influx, biliary efflux and sinusoidal backflux rates. The expression of Oatp1a1, Mrp2 and Mrp3 organic anion membrane transporters was assessed with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results: In the rats with advanced fibrosis, the influx and efflux rates of gadoxetate decreased and the backflux rate increased significantly (p = 0.003, 0.041 and 0.010, respectively). Significant correlations were found between influx and Oatp1a1 expression (r = 0.78, p < 0.001), biliary efflux and Mrp2 (r = 0.50, p = 0.016) and sinusoidal backflux and Mrp3 (r = 0.61, p = 0.002). Conclusion: These results show that changes in the bidirectional organic anion hepatocyte transport function in rats with advanced liver fibrosis can be assessed with compartmental analysis of gadoxetate-enhanced MRI. Key Points: • Expression of hepatocyte transporters is modified in rats with advanced liver fibrosis. • Kinetic parameters at gadoxetate-enhanced MRI are correlated with hepatocyte transporter expression. • Hepatocyte transport function can be assessed with compartmental analysis of gadoxetate-enhanced MRI. • Compartmental analysis of gadoxetate-enhanced MRI might provide biomarkers in advanced liver fibrosis. © 2016 European Society of Radiology


Leporq B.,University Paris Diderot | Lambert S.A.,University Paris Diderot | Ronot M.,University Paris Diderot | Ronot M.,Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord | And 4 more authors.
NMR in Biomedicine | Year: 2014

The aim of this work was to validate a sequential method for quantifying the triglyceride fatty acid composition with 3.0 T MRI. The image acquisition was performed with a 3D spoiled gradient multiple echo sequence. A specific phase correction algorithm was implemented to correct the native phase images for wrap, zero- and first-order phase and rebuild the real part images. Then, using a model of a fat 1H MR spectrum integrating nine components, the number of double bonds (ndb) and the number of methylene-interrupted double bonds (nmidb) were derived. The chain length (CL) was obtained from these parameters using heuristic approximation. Validations were performed on different vegetable oils whose theoretical fatty acid composition was used as reference and in five human subjects. In vivo measurements were made in the liver and in the subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues. Linear regressions showed strong correlations between ndb and nmidb quantified with MRI and the theoretical values calculated using oil composition. Mean ndb/nmidb/CL were 1.80 ± 0.25/0.51 ± 0.21/17.43± 0.07, 2.72 ± 0.31/0.94 ± 0.16/ 17.47± 0.08 and 2.53± 0.21/0.84 ± 0.14/17.43 ± 0.07 in the liver, subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues respectively. The results suggest that the triglyceride fatty acid composition can be assessed in human fatty liver and adipose tissues with a clinically relevant MRI method at 3.0 T. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


PubMed | Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord and University Paris Diderot
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Magnetic resonance in medicine | Year: 2016

To develop an MRI method for quantifying hepatic fat content and visceral adipose tissue fatty acid composition in mice on a 7.0T preclinical system.MR acquisitions were performed with a multiple echo spoiled gradient echo with bipolar readout gradients. After phase correction, the number of double bounds (ndb) and the number of methylene interrupted double bounds (nmidb) were quantified with a model including eight fat components, and parametric maps of saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids were derived. The model included a complex error map to correct for the phase errors and the amplitude modulation caused by the bipolar acquisition. Validations were performed in fat-water emulsions and vegetable oils. In vivo, the feasibility was evaluated in mice receiving a high-fat diet containing primarily saturated fatty acids and a low-fat diet containing primarily unsaturated fatty acids.Linear regressions showed strong agreements between ndb and nmidb quantified with MRI and the theoretical values calculated using oil compositions, as well as between the proton density and the fat fractions in the emulsions. At MRI, the mouse liver fat fraction was smaller in mice fed the low-fat diet compared with mice fed the high-fat diet. In visceral adipose tissue, saturated fatty acids were significantly higher, whereas monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were significantly lower in mice fed the low-fat diet compared with mice fed the high-fat diet.It is feasible to simultaneously quantify hepatic fat content and visceral adipose tissue fatty acid composition with 7.0T MRI in mice. Magn Reson Med 76:510-518, 2016. 2015 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

Loading Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord collaborators
Loading Beaujon University Hospital Paris Nord collaborators