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Lin D.,University of British Columbia | Lin D.,BCCancer Agency | Wyatt A.W.,University of British Columbia | Xue H.,BCCancer Agency | And 22 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Standardized and reproducible preclinical models that recapitulate the dynamics of prostate cancer are urgently needed. We established a bank of transplantable patient-derived prostate cancer xenografts that capture the biologic and molecular heterogeneity currently confounding prognostication and therapy development. Xenografts preserved the histopathology, genome architecture, and global gene expression of donor tumors. Moreover, their aggressiveness matched patient observations, and their response to androgen withdrawal correlated with tumor subtype. The panel includes the first xenografts generated from needle biopsy tissue obtained at diagnosis. This advance was exploited to generate independent xenografts from different sites of a primary site, enabling functional dissection of tumor heterogeneity. Prolonged exposure of adenocarcinoma xenografts to androgen withdrawal led to castration-resistant prostate cancer, including the first-in-field model of complete transdifferentiation into lethal neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Further analysis of this model supports the hypothesis that neuroendocrine prostate cancer can evolve directly from adenocarcinoma via an adaptive response and yielded a set of genes potentially involved in neuroendocrine transdifferentiation. We predict that these next-generation models will be transformative for advancing mechanistic understanding of disease progression, response to therapy, and personalized oncology. © 2014 American Association for Cancer Research.

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