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Bukan M.,University of Zagreb | Sarcevic H.,University of Zagreb | Buhinicek I.,Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops | Palaversic B.,Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops | And 2 more authors.
Genetika | Year: 2013

Fusarium stalk rot (FSR) and anthracnose stalk rot (ASR), caused by Fusarium spp. and Colletotrichum graminicola (Ces.) G.W. Wils. respectively, are the two most important stalk diseases in maize which increase the incidence of stalk lodging and reduce grain yield. The aim of the present study was to (1) evaluate the effect of four cycles of recurrent selection in the Maksimir 3 Synthetic (M3S) maize population on ASR and FSR resistance and (2) to investigate the correlation among the different disease rating methods. The experiment included six M3S cycle populations per se and their test-crosses with a single cross hybrid. ASR resistance was estimated on artificially inoculated plant rows using three ratings (the number of infected internodes, the number of internodes rotten more than 75% and evaluation of outer stalk discoloration) whereas FSR resistance was estimated in artificially inoculated rows as well as in naturally inoculated rows by rating severity of disease symptoms on longitudinally cut stalks using the standard resistance scale. The results of the present study showed that four cycles of selection in the M3S maize population, conducted primarily for grain yield improvement, did not significantly affect its resistance to both ASR and FSR. Among the disease ratings a moderate positive correlation was found only between two ASR resistance ratings (the number of infected internodes and the number of internodes rotted more than 75%) in both population per se (r=0.49**) and population test-crosses (r=0.56**).

Buhinicek I.,Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops | Jukic M.,Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops | Sarcevic H.,University of Zagreb | Gunjaca J.,Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops | And 6 more authors.
Genetika | Year: 2015

In this paper, changes of genetic diversity of the most important maize inbred lines used for hybrid production within the Bc Institute in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s were examined using the SSR markers. The average number of alleles per SSR locus was 3.14, 3.43, 3.07 and 3.25 for lines from 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, whereas the number of private alleles for the same four decades was 8, 4, 0 and 6, respectively. Mean genetic distance among inbreds within decades steadily decreased over time from 0.64 in 1970s to 0.57 in 2000s, but the observed differences were not statistically significant. The clustering of the studied inbred lines indicates the exploitation of a known BSSS x LSC heterotic pattern within the Bc Institute maize breeding program. The overall results show that recycled inbred lines within these pools do not decline in genetic variation over the past 40 years.

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