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Liu J.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang H.-W.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang H.-W.,Anhui Medical University | Liu F.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Metabolic Brain Disease | Year: 2014

The Rho-ROCK signal pathway is an important mediator of inhibitory signals that blocks central nervous cell regeneration. Here, we investigated whether antenatal taurine improved neuronal regeneration in fetal rats with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) by inhibiting this pathway. Thirty pregnant rats were randomly divided into three groups: control, IUGR, and IUGR + antenatal taurine supplementation (taurine group). The mRNA levels of Ras homolog gene A (Rho A), Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein kinase 2 (ROCK2), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. RhoA, ROCK2 and PCNA-positive cells were counted using immunohistochemistry. Antenatal taurine supplementation decreased RhoA and Rock2 mRNA expression, increased PCNA mRNA expression, and significantly decreased RhoA, ROCK2-positive and increased PCNA-positive cell counts in IUGR fetal rat brain tissues (p < 0.05). Thus, antenatal taurine supplementation inhibited the expression of key Rho-ROCK signal molecules and improved IUGR fetal brain development. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Li F.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Teng H.-Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Liu J.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang H.-W.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Metabolic Brain Disease | Year: 2014

This study aimed to determine the influence of antenatal taurine supplementation on taurine content in the brains of fetal rats with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Experiments were performed at the Central Laboratory of Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital in China from January to June 2013. Fifteen pregnant rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal controls, an IUGR group and an IUGR + antenatal taurine supplement group (Taurine group) (n = 5). The IUGR model was induced using a low-protein diet throughout gestation. Rats in the taurine group were fed a diet supplemented with 300 mg/kg/day taurine for 12 days after conception until natural delivery. Two fetal rats were randomly selected in every litter, and taurine levels in the brains of rats were detected using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results showed that (1) the mean body weight of the fetal rats in the normal control, IUGR and IUGR + antenatal taurine supplement groups was 6.619 ± 0.4132, 4.509 ± 0.454, and 5.176 ± 0.436 g (F = 429.818, P < 0.01), respectively, and (2) that taurine levels in the brains of the fetal rats in the normal control, IUGR and taurine groups were (2.399 ± 0.134) × 105, (1.881 ± 0.166) × 105 and (2.170 ± 0.191) × 105 μg/g (F = 24.828, P < 0.01), respectively. Overall, our results indicated that taurine levels in IUGR fetal rat brains were lower than in the control animals, and that antenatal taurine supplementation could significantly increase taurine levels in the brains of fetal rats with IUGR. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Liu J.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Cao H.-Y.,General Electric | Wang H.-W.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Kong X.-Y.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in newborn infants. Methods: From March 2012 to May 2013, 100 newborn infants were divided into two groups: RDS group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases). According to the findings of chest x-ray, there were 10 cases of grade II RDS, 15 grade III cases, and 25 grade IV cases in RDS group. Lung ultrasound was performed at bedside by a single expert. The ultrasound indexes observed in this study included pleural line, A-line, B-line, lung consolidation, air bronchograms, bilateral white lung, interstitial syndrome, lung sliding, lung pulse etc. Findings: In all of the infants with RDS, lung ultrasound consistently showed generalized consolidation with air bronchograms, bilateral white lung or interstitial syndrome, pleural line abnormalities, A-line disappearance, pleural effusion, lung pulse, etc. The simultaneous demonstration of lung consolidation, pleural line abnormalities and bilateral white lung, or lung consolidation, pleural line abnormalities and A-line disappearance co-exists with a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for the diagnosis of neonatal RDS. Conclusion: This study indicates that using an ultrasound to diagnose neonatal RDS is accurate and reliable tool. A lung ultrasound has many advantages over other techniques. Ultrasound is non-ionizing, low-cost, easy to operate, and can be performed at bedside, making this technique ideal for use in NICU. © 2014 by Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, All rights reserved. Source


Liu J.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang X.-F.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang X.-F.,Anhui Medical University | Wang Y.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2014

To investigate the incidence and high-risk factors of fetal growth restriction (FGR) in Mainland China and determine the adverse effects of this condition on fetal-neonatal health. This study was a retrospective chart review. We investigated the incidence rate of FGR using a retrospective analysis of clinical data obtained from mothers and newborns from 7 hospitals in Mainland China from January 1 to December 31, 2011. The short-term outcomes of FGR were analyzed based on data obtained from the neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) of Bayi Children's Hospital. The long-term outcomes of FGR were determined after a follow-up study of 125 cases of FGR in children at 18 months. The physical development index, mental development index (MDI), and psychomotor development index (PDI) were compared between FGR patients and controls. The incidence of FGR was 8.77%. The incidence of FGR was significantly higher in females than in males (9.80% vs 7.84%, P<0.05). The incidence of FGR in preterm infants was higher than that in full-term infants (16.43% vs 7.87%, P<0.01). Chronic hypertension, abnormal amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord abnormalities were independent factors of FGR. A significantly higher incidence of complications, including hypoglycemia, asphyxia, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding, congenital malformations, polycythemia, lung hemorrhage, apnea, congenital heart disease, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, was observed in FGR patients than in controls. The FGR prolonged the duration of the hospital stay and markedly increased hospitalization expenses (P<0.05). Children with FGR showed catch-up growth, which reached the level of the control group after 1.5 years, but these individuals still had lower MDI and PDI scores. The incidence rate of FGR in Mainland China was 8.77%. It has a significantly adverse effect on fetal-neonatal health and cognitive development. Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source


Liu J.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang X.-F.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang Y.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang H.-W.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital | Liu Y.,Bayi Childrens Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital
Medicine | Year: 2014

To investigate the incidence and high-risk factors of fetal growth restriction (FGR) in Mainland China and determine the adverse effects of this condition on fetal-neonatal health. This study was a retrospective chart review. We investigated the incidence rate of FGR using a retrospective analysis of clinical data obtained from mothers and newborns from 7 hospitals in Mainland China from January 1 to December 31, 2011. The short-term outcomes of FGR were analyzed based on data obtained from the neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) of Bayi Children's Hospital. The long-term outcomes of FGR were determined after a follow-up study of 125 cases of FGR in children at 18 months. The physical development index, mental development index (MDI), and psychomotor development index (PDI) were compared between FGR patients and controls. The incidence of FGR was 8.77%. The incidence of FGR was significantly higher in females than in males (9.80% vs 7.84%, P < 0.05). The incidence of FGR in preterm infants was higher than that in full-term infants (16.43% vs 7.87%, P < 0.01). Chronic hypertension, abnormal amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord abnormalities were independent factors of FGR. A significantly higher incidence of complications, including hypoglycemia, asphyxia, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding, congenital malformations, polycythemia, lung hemorrhage, apnea, congenital heart disease, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, was observed in FGR patients than in controls. The FGR prolonged the duration of the hospital stay and markedly increased hospitalization expenses (P < 0.05). Children with FGR showed catch-up growth, which reached the level of the control group after 1.5 years, but these individuals still had lower MDI and PDI scores. The incidence rate of FGR in Mainland China was 8.77%. It has a significantly adverse effect on fetal-neonatal health and cognitive development. Source

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