Obesity in bavarian adolescents: Prevalence in trend, sociodemographic structural features and subjective health [Adipositas bei bayerischen Jugendlichen: Prävalenz im Trend, soziodemografische Strukturmerkmale und subjektive Gesundheit]
Schulz R.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich |
Guther B.,TNS |
Mutert S.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit |
Kuhn J.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Gesundheitswesen | Year: 2010
Introduction: The World Health Organization counts the increase in obesity as one of the most important public health challenges of the 21st century. In Germany the prevention of obesity among children and adolescents currently holds a high priority on the political public health agenda. There is, however, relatively little empirical evidence for the development of obesity prevalence among adolescents. The objective of this work is to analyse data relating to juvenile obesity in Bavaria and to study its relevance for the health of adolescents. Methods: The basis for this work is a representative survey among adolescents in the age group 1224 years. Available are data from three time periods (1995, 2000, 2005). The data were calculated descriptively as well as in relation to the impact of obesity on general health with multiple binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The obesity prevalence among Bavarian adolescents of the age group 1224 years has steadily increased from 1995 (2.1%) to 2000 (3.1%) and to 2005 (4%). The obesity prevalence grows with age; it shows a clear social gradient which has become stronger from 2000 to 2005. Obesity as well as the feeling of being overweight emerges from the regression analysis as independent factors influencing the general health. Discussion: Data from medical checks at primary school enrolment in various German regions indicate that obesity in children of that age is no longer increasing. Among adolescents, however, obesity is still growing. This would recommend an age-specific monitoring of this development. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Overhoff G.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit |
Lang T.,Wasserwirtschaftsamt Weilheim |
Popp M.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Umwelt
WasserWirtschaft | Year: 2010
After a 50-year period of operation the Sylvenstein Dam is to be re-inforced with an additional slurry wall in the dam and a new monitoring system for percolating water. The planned measures can also be unterstood as a precaution against the consequences of possible climatic change. Due to the dimension and rapid succession of recent flood events in the years 1999, 2002 and 2005, stronger operational demands on the dams in the alpine area related to the climate change are to be expected in the future.
Englmann E.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit |
Loy H.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Umwelt
Wasser und Abfall | Year: 2010
In an investigative project the condition and need for renovation of the public sewerage system in Bavaria were assessed. For around 16% of the wastewater and mixed water canals, the need for renovation exists in the short and medium terms. The condition is described as better as was assumed in a nationwide investigation; however, the backlog in canal investigations and renovations should be processed expeditiously.
Bauer M.,FH Augsburg |
Lorz C.,FH Augsburg |
Sedlmeier M.,FH Augsburg |
Schwanitz M.,Lechwerke AG |
And 2 more authors.
Bauphysik | Year: 2013
Bavariás aim in the near future is to increase the production of electricity from renewable energies by setting up 1,500 additional new wind power plants. This situation, together with the expansion of photovoltaic power plants, leads to varying network loads and temporarily uncontrolled excesses in the power supply. This research program is, therefore, being initiated to enhance load management in an electric network. Thermal storage units in a highly energy efficient building are supplied with energy from peak loads. Simulations for modelling the test results will be compared and carried out, focusing particularly on the thermal storage properties of the building construction in the existing concrete core heating system. © 2013 Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin.
Hengl M.,Institute For Wasserbau Und Hydrometrische Prufung |
Aufleger M.,University of Innsbruck |
de Mas V.,Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung |
Eggertsberger J.,Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung |
And 8 more authors.
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft | Year: 2012
This example of the Lower Salzach's self-forming widening without bank reinforcements in the hinterland illustrates the complete process from creating a general concept of morphology- based measures, to planning and obtaining the necessary authorization, to the implementation and the first highly promising experiences from a hydrological year marked by a flood with a return period of once in 30 years. The idea of doing without state-of-the-art bank reinforcement techniques was a bold step on the part of the Bavarian and Austrian water management authorities. This not only serves the environment, but also saves the costs of building new bank reinforcements for the purpose of flood control that are normally necessary when rivers are widened. Self-forming widening is part of an overall concept employed to help the Lower Salzach gradually recover from its eroded state to a revitalized, morphologically dynamic and balanced one. It also creates a region that can simultaneously serve as an essential biotope and as a rest and recreation area for the local populace. © Springer-Verlag 2012.