Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit

München, Germany

Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit

München, Germany
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Hengl M.,Institute For Wasserbau Und Hydrometrische Prufung | Aufleger M.,University of Innsbruck | de Mas V.,Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung | Eggertsberger J.,Amt der Salzburger Landesregierung | And 8 more authors.
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft | Year: 2012

This example of the Lower Salzach's self-forming widening without bank reinforcements in the hinterland illustrates the complete process from creating a general concept of morphology- based measures, to planning and obtaining the necessary authorization, to the implementation and the first highly promising experiences from a hydrological year marked by a flood with a return period of once in 30 years. The idea of doing without state-of-the-art bank reinforcement techniques was a bold step on the part of the Bavarian and Austrian water management authorities. This not only serves the environment, but also saves the costs of building new bank reinforcements for the purpose of flood control that are normally necessary when rivers are widened. Self-forming widening is part of an overall concept employed to help the Lower Salzach gradually recover from its eroded state to a revitalized, morphologically dynamic and balanced one. It also creates a region that can simultaneously serve as an essential biotope and as a rest and recreation area for the local populace. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Bauer M.,FH Augsburg | Lorz C.,FH Augsburg | Sedlmeier M.,FH Augsburg | Schwanitz M.,Lechwerke AG | And 2 more authors.
Bauphysik | Year: 2013

Bavariás aim in the near future is to increase the production of electricity from renewable energies by setting up 1,500 additional new wind power plants. This situation, together with the expansion of photovoltaic power plants, leads to varying network loads and temporarily uncontrolled excesses in the power supply. This research program is, therefore, being initiated to enhance load management in an electric network. Thermal storage units in a highly energy efficient building are supplied with energy from peak loads. Simulations for modelling the test results will be compared and carried out, focusing particularly on the thermal storage properties of the building construction in the existing concrete core heating system. © 2013 Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin.

Schulz R.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Guther B.,TNS | Mutert S.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Kuhn J.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Gesundheitswesen | Year: 2010

Introduction: The World Health Organization counts the increase in obesity as one of the most important public health challenges of the 21st century. In Germany the prevention of obesity among children and adolescents currently holds a high priority on the political public health agenda. There is, however, relatively little empirical evidence for the development of obesity prevalence among adolescents. The objective of this work is to analyse data relating to juvenile obesity in Bavaria and to study its relevance for the health of adolescents. Methods: The basis for this work is a representative survey among adolescents in the age group 1224 years. Available are data from three time periods (1995, 2000, 2005). The data were calculated descriptively as well as in relation to the impact of obesity on general health with multiple binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The obesity prevalence among Bavarian adolescents of the age group 1224 years has steadily increased from 1995 (2.1%) to 2000 (3.1%) and to 2005 (4%). The obesity prevalence grows with age; it shows a clear social gradient which has become stronger from 2000 to 2005. Obesity as well as the feeling of being overweight emerges from the regression analysis as independent factors influencing the general health. Discussion: Data from medical checks at primary school enrolment in various German regions indicate that obesity in children of that age is no longer increasing. Among adolescents, however, obesity is still growing. This would recommend an age-specific monitoring of this development. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

Overhoff G.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Lang T.,Wasserwirtschaftsamt Weilheim | Popp M.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Umwelt
WasserWirtschaft | Year: 2010

After a 50-year period of operation the Sylvenstein Dam is to be re-inforced with an additional slurry wall in the dam and a new monitoring system for percolating water. The planned measures can also be unterstood as a precaution against the consequences of possible climatic change. Due to the dimension and rapid succession of recent flood events in the years 1999, 2002 and 2005, stronger operational demands on the dams in the alpine area related to the climate change are to be expected in the future.

Bauer A.,Wasserwirtschaftsamt Weilheim | Lang T.,Wasserwirtschaftsamt Weilheim | Overhoff G.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Strobl T.,Joseph Haas Weg 35
WasserWirtschaft | Year: 2013

After more than 50 years of operation and a couple of retrofitting measures the sealing and the seepage measuring system of the Sylvenstein dam will be upgraded during 2011 and 2015. In this connection a 70 m deep diaphragm wall in the existing core and the subsoil of the dam was built in 2012. In progress of the construction works almost all of the downstream pore-pressure measuring points were destroyed. The observed measurements of the pore pressures in the core and the subsoil of the dam are the main part of the following article.

Kuhn J.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Bolte G.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Kerscher G.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Zapf A.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz | Year: 2010

Tobacco consumption is one of the most relevant behavior-based health risks. It has been estimated that there are 14,000-18,000 tobacco-related deaths each year in Bavaria, Germany. Thus, efficient tobacco prevention, which involves measures of behavior-oriented as well as of condition-oriented prevention at the Federal State level, is a priority objective of prevention politics in Bavaria. Measures of behavior-oriented prevention account for the fact that tobacco prevention affects private lifestyles, where statutory provisions may not be effectual. However, smoking bans have achieved the creation of smoke-free living spaces especially for children and adolescents. In the long term, it is essential to enhance evaluation of tobacco prevention, to pay more attention to sustain-ability of approved projects, and to ensure a smoke-free environment for children and adolescents. The Bavarian health program "Gesund.Leben.Bayern." is an important platform for this. © Springer-Verlag 2010.

Shen H.,Chinese Institute of Urban Environment | Henkelmann B.,Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research | Rambeck W.A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Mayer R.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | And 3 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

As one of the most important animal food sources, pigs are an important model in the assessment of human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In the present study, the distribution of the administrated polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F)-polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the different tissues of pigs, including liver, lung, kidney, subcutaneous fat, mesentery and muscle, for understanding the physiologically based pollutant accumulation in these tissues and their edible safety was investigated. It was found that liver had a much higher potential to accumulate PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like pollutants like PCB-126 than the other tissues, but it did not specifically concentrate PBDE congeners as compared to the other tissues. The different PCDD/F congeners and PCB-126 followed a similar distribution pattern in the different tissues; also the different PBDE congeners have the similar pattern in these tissues. The liver's higher concentrating potency for dioxin-like pollutants may result from its detoxification function, however, it can concentrate dioxin-like pollutants but not PBDEs may suggest that it is the toxicity but not lipophilic property of these POPs dominated their accumulation in liver tissues. Also the result suggested that liver is a high-risk edible tissue for dioxin-like pollutants. In conclusion, the present study suggested that physiologically based assessments are necessary for evaluating edible tissue safety in animal source foods. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Shen H.,Chinese Institute of Urban Environment | Henkelmann B.,Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research | Rambeck W.A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Mayer R.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | And 3 more authors.
Environment International | Year: 2012

Pigs accidentally given feed contaminated by dioxin-like pollutants are a serious public health issue. We have examined whether pigs with limited exposure during early periods of fattening would be categorized as non-compliant with the EU limit at slaughtering when growth-dilution, excretion and metabolism effects are considered. Sixteen female and sixteen castrated male weaned pigs were divided into four groups (e.g. DG0, DG1, DG2 and DG3) in week 2 after birth. From weeks 3 to 13, groups DG1, DG2, and DG3 pigs were fed with a polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture at dosages of 1, 10 and 100ng-toxic equivalent (TEQ) per kg dry mass feed in capsules, respectively. From weeks 13 to 23, the animals were nourished with clear feed. Control group DG0 was always fed with clear feed. Subcutaneous fat samples were collected at weeks 13, 18 and 23 by biopsies. The pollutant residues were analyzed by high resolution gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry and quantified by a 13C-isotope dilution method. The results showed the following: (1) when slaughtered at week 23, the TEQ for DG1 pigs (0.66±0.21pg/g fat) was under the EU limit of 1pg PCDD/F-TEQ/g fat; (2) PCDD/F congener-specific first-order elimination rates were linearly correlated with their toxicity equivalency factors (TEFs), and the rates were significantly dose-dependent for the more toxic congeners (TEF≥0.1). Therefore, the pigs' exposure above the EU limit during the early fattening stage did not necessarily lead to their categorization as non-compliant pork; and the residual TEQ for pork can be predicted from early exposure concentrations based on the models established here. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Englmann E.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Loy H.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Umwelt
Wasser und Abfall | Year: 2010

In an investigative project the condition and need for renovation of the public sewerage system in Bavaria were assessed. For around 16% of the wastewater and mixed water canals, the need for renovation exists in the short and medium terms. The condition is described as better as was assumed in a nationwide investigation; however, the backlog in canal investigations and renovations should be processed expeditiously.

Hafner T.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Schaipp B.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Wedding S.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium fur Umwelt und Gesundheit | Schwaller G.,Bayerisches Landesamt fur Umwelt
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft | Year: 2012

This contribution illustrates concrete experiences and lessons learned with regard to renaturation processes in Bavaria by presenting selected examples. These mainly serve to describe the limitations to renaturation, as well as the factors jeopardizing its main goals, such as riverbed stability. Additional measures to stabilize the riverbed are particularly essential in eroded rivers with only minimal bed load influx. The influence of vegetation and constructed embankments on the process development in the examples presented are also discussed. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

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