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Munich, Germany

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.6.3-1. | Award Amount: 776.10K | Year: 2013

Flightpath 2050 and the recently unveiled Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) have elaborated CO2-emissions and external noise targets according to chronologically aligned waypoints. For propulsion and power systems the projected cumulative impact of previous Framework Programmes compare favourably to the 2035 target given in the SRIA document. However, if one extends the comparative exercise to include appreciation of SRIA 2050, the goals assigned to propulsion fall short by a significant amount. Serious consideration has not been hitherto given to the potential multi-functional benefits afforded by Active Compliant Systems technologies applied to the inlet and cowl (collectively known as nacelle). Targeting a service entry year of 2025\, the MorphElle Project aims to address this aspect, and thus, would constitute a body of investigative work that will serve to complement encouraging efforts expended in other projects. This project will undertake the task of designing an adaptive nacelle concept suited to advanced propulsion ideas and shall qualify numerical experimental work by performing tests on a mechanical test rig. Finally, potential benefits and risks will be produced and an initial roadmap for resolving the most important issues for implementation shall be communicated. The MorphElle Consortium benefits from a Joint Technical Advisory Committee (JTAC) comprising 10 members: SAFRAN Aircelle, MTU, Airbus, EADS, Alenia Aermacchi, Rolls-Royce Deutschland, ONERA, DLR and CNRS FEMTO-ST Besanon. The MorphElle Project has the vision of investigating ground-breaking technologies to provide a means of physical shape change such that adaptive compliant nacelle systems make a noticeable contribution in reaching the emissions and noise reduction targets beyond year 2025.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-11-2015 | Award Amount: 6.15M | Year: 2016

Liquid hydrocarbon fuels are ideal energy carriers for the transportation sector due to their exceptionally high energy density and most convenient handling, without requiring changes in the existing global infrastructure. Currently, virtually all renewable hydrocarbon fuels originate from biomass. Their feasibility to meet the global fuel demand and their environmental impact are controversial. In contrast, SUN-to-LIQUID has the potential to cover future fuel consumption as it establishes a radically different non-biomass non-fossil path to synthesize renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels from abundant feedstocks of H2O, CO2 and solar energy. Concentrated solar radiation drives a thermochemical redox cycle, which inherently operates at high temperatures and utilizes the full solar spectrum. Thereby, it provides a thermodynamically favourable path to solar fuel production with high energy conversion efficiency and, consequently, economic competitiveness. Recently, the first-ever production of solar jet fuel has been experimentally demonstrated at laboratory scale using a solar reactor containing a ceria-based reticulated porous structure undergoing the redox cyclic process. SUN-to-LIQUID aims at advancing this solar fuel technology from the laboratory to the next field phase: expected key innovations include an advanced high-flux ultra-modular solar heliostat field, a 50 kW solar reactor, and optimized redox materials to produce synthesis gas that is subsequently processed to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. The complete integrated fuel production chain will be experimentally validated at a pre-commercial scale and with record high energy conversion efficiency. The ambition of SUN-to-LIQUID is to advance solar fuels well beyond the state of the art and to guide the further scale-up towards a reliable basis for competitive industrial exploitation. Large-scale solar fuel production is expected to have a major impact on a sustainable future transportation sector.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: AAT.2013.7-2. | Award Amount: 1.56M | Year: 2013

For a number of ecologic and economic reasons, the aviation industry is currently in great need for alternative fuels. Highly ambitious goals for the reduction of the sectors overall greenhouse gas emissions set from industry and politics imply sustainable alternative fuels as major contribution, and require research and innovation efforts in order to develop pathways for an economically feasible large-scale production of such fuels for aviation. The project CORE-JetFuel will evaluate the research and innovation landscape in order to develop and implement a strategy for sharing information, for coordinating initiatives, projects and results and to identify needs in research, standardisation, innovation/deployment, and policy measures at European level. Bottlenecks of research and innovation will be identified and, where appropriate, recommendations for the European Commission will be elaborated with respect to re-orientation and re-definition of priorities in the funding strategy. The consortium will cover the entire alternative fuel production chain in four domains: Feedstocks and sustainability; conversion technologies and radical concepts; technical compatibility, certification and deployment; policies, incentives and regulation. CORE-JetFuel will ensure cooperation with other European, international and national initiatives and with the key stakeholders in the field. The consortium combines the competencies of the Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR), SENASA, Bauhaus Luftfahrt (BHL), WIP , IFP, EADS Innovation Works and numerous external experts from science, industry and politics. The expected benefits are enhanced knowledge of decision makers, support for maintaining coherent research policies and the promotion of a better understanding of future investments in aviation fuel research and innovation, in alignment with the ACARE Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) as well as with the ATAG goals of future emission reduction in aviation.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.1-3. | Award Amount: 45.04M | Year: 2013

The ENOVAL project will provide the next step of engine technologies to achieve and surpass the ACARE 2020 goals on the way towards Flightpath 2050. ENOVAL completes the European 7th Framework Programme (FP7) roadmap of Level 2 aero engine projects. ENOVAL will focus on the low pressure system of ultra-high by-pass ratio propulsion systems (12 < BPR < 20) in conjunction with ultra high overall pressure ratio (50 < OPR < 70) to provide significant reductions in CO2 emissions in terms of fuel burn (-3% to -5%) and engine noise (-1.3 ENPdB). ENOVAL will focus on ducted geared and non-geared turbofan engines, which are amongst the best candidates for the next generation of short/medium range and long range commercial aircraft applications with an entry into service date of 2025 onward. The expected fan diameter increase of 20 to 35% (vs. year 2000 reference engine) is significant and can be accommodated within the limits of a conventional aircraft configuration. It is in line with the roadmap of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for 2020 to have the technologies ready for Optimised conventional aircraft and engines using best fuel efficiency and noise control technologies, where UHBR propulsion systems are expressively named as a key technology. ENOVAL will be established in a consistent series of Level 2 projects in conjunction with LEMCOTEC for core engine technologies, E-BREAK for system technologies for enabling ultra high OPR engines, and OPENAIR for noise reduction technologies. Finally, ENOVAL will prepare the way towards maturing the technology and preparing industrialisation in coordination with past and existing aero-engine initiatives in Europe at FP7 and national levels.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: AAT.2013.7-1. | Award Amount: 1.51M | Year: 2013

The proposed coordination action OPTICS will provide oversight of progress in research and innovation aiming to improve the safety and security of aviation in accordance with Flightpath 2050 challenges and goals, exploiting as far as possible the identified metrics, achievements, main topic areas and broad industry knowledge and expertise base established in the development industrys SRIA. OPTICS will implement sustainable processes supporting stakeholders with strategic recommendations and a comprehensive vision of the safety-oriented research landscape. The action will implement a reference base and methodologies to perform assessment of progress both from a technological perspective - are we doing the right research, and from the societal and economic perspective - are we doing the research right - is it delivering societal and market benefit? The surveys are to be performed on an annual basis, in close collaboration with expertise drawn from the industry through a series of workshops, fully exploiting the network developed by ACARE. Assessments will be performed upon all on-going initiatives explicitly addressing safety research. The assessments will result in the provision of an annual report, identifying main performers, gaps and obstacles in the research landscape, formulating strategic recommendations, corrective actions and suggested priorities. The findings are to be presented and discussed with the aviation community at an annual Safety conference, organised on the premises of EASA, EUROCONTROL, etc. The results of the annual state-of-the-art review, together with relevant basic data, project information will be made available on the OPTICS repository accessible on the a actions dedicated website. Finally, this action will ensure co-ordination and wherever possible, create synergies, with other actions supporting complementary challenges.

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