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Asri F.O.,Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Sonmez S.,Akdeniz University
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Potassium and iron are the main elements that are of great importance in soilless medium in terms of tomato yield and fruit quality. For this reason, the effects of these elements on yield and fruit quality parameters were investigated. Three different combinations of potassium ( 150,300 and 450 mg l-1) and iron (1,2 and 3 mg l-1') ratios were evaluated. The experiment was conducted according to completely randomized factorial design with 4 replicates. The interaction between potassium and iron applications was significant in yield, total soluble solids, fruit firmness and a*-value. Moreover, titratable acidity, total soluble solids content and pH of fruit juice showed increase by ascending K applications. There were no effects of K and Fe applications on ascorbic acid, fruit diameter, L* and b* values. These results indicated interactive effects between potassium and iron applications on fruit quality and yield are more complex structure. Therefore, detailed investigations are required in different growing medium, ecological condition and on tomato variety. Source

Sogut M.A.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Devran Z.,Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute

Root lesion nematodes are important migratory endoparasitic nematodes attacking temperate fruits in the West Mediterranean region of Turkey. A rapid and accurate method to identify Pratylenchus to the species level is necessary to develop management strategies. Seventy-eight populations of the root lesion nematode were collected from the temperate fruit production region in Turkey, including fruit orchards in Isparta and Antalya provinces. Species-specific primers and rDNA primers were used to identify Pratylenchus spp. Distribution ratios of the sampled root lesion nematode populations were 50%, 45%, 2.5% and 2.5% for P. thornei, P. neglectus, P. penetrans, and P. crenatus, respectively. The present study indicated that P. thornei and P. neglectus were widespread on temperate fruits in the West Mediterranean region of Turkey. Source

Devran Z.,Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Baysal O.,Mugla University

Southern root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is the most widespread-species, causing serious yield losses in protected vegetables fields in the West Mediterranean region of Turkey. The knowledge of genetic variation within M. incognita is required for disease management and improvement of resistant varieties by breeding programs. In the present study, the isolates were classified into different groups based on sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) fingerprints. To our knowledge, this is the first study carried out on the characterization of M. incognita isolates using SRAP. The schematic diagram by tested primers to differentiate of M. incognita isolates was formed in discrimination of nematodes as an effective molecular tool since it is cost effective and easiness. Data presents a genetic variation on root-knot nematode species. These selected SRAP markers can be used to follow genetic structure and differentiation on M. incognita isolates in a certain region. © 2012 © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

Karaca M.,Akdeniz University | Ince A.G.,Akdeniz University | Aydin A.,Akdeniz University | Ay S.T.,Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Background: The Lamiaceae family contains many high-valued medicinal, aromatic and ornamental plant species. Several members of the genera in this family are under heavy pressure of collection for commercial use. DNA markers such as microsatellites could be used to identify commercially important genotypes and to select high-yielding ones for development of new varieties. Results: A total of 12 432 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from Salvia fruticosa, S. miltiorrhiza, S. sclarea and Stenogyne rugosa were analyzed. A total of 6216 ESTs were found to be unique according the redundancy test used. Results of this study indicated that the use of redundant ESTs in comparison to non-redundant ESTs was advantageous in terms of higher cross-genera transferability of the markers. A total of 75 EST-microsatellite primer pairs were tested using two different polymerase chain reaction amplification profiles and 52 were found to be cross-genera transferable. Cross-genera transferability of the e-microsatellite primer pairs varied from one species to 12 species tested. It was noted that cross-genera transferability of e-microsatellite primer pairs decreased as the evolutionary distance between the sources and target species increased. Conclusion: This study indicated that EST resources from Salvia spp. and Stenogyne rugosa could be successfully used to identify cross-genera transferable e-microsatellite markers for uncharacterized genomes of the genera in the Lamiaceae family. These e-microsatellite markers could allow one to perform comparative analyses of population structure and genomic studies, and facilitate comparative linkage mapping in the genera studied. E-microsatellite primer pairs reported in this manuscript are equivalent to a total of 135 e-microsatellite primer pairs since many e-microsatellite primer pairs show cross-genera transferability. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

Devran Z.,Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Sogut M.A.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Mutlu N.,Akdeniz University
Phytopathologia Mediterranea

Rootstocks have been effective against many soil-borne pathogens in protected tomato production. Rootstocks with heat-stable root-knot nematode resistance may prolong the production season since the root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi-1.2 irreversibly breaks down at soil temperatures above 28°C. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of soil temperature on root-knot nematode resistance conferred by two genes of tomato, using some commercial tomato cultivars, rootstocks, and PI lines. The response of these genes against Meloidogyne incognita race 2 was studied in two commonly used rootstock cv. Beaufort and Vigomax, in tomato cultivars Astona RN F1 and Simita F1, and in Solanum lycopersicum L. accessions PI126443 and PI270435, known to possess heat-stable nematode resistance, at 24°C and 32°C under controlled conditions. Each plant was inoculated with 1000 M. incognita race 2 second-stage juveniles (J2s) and its response was evaluated 8 weeks post inoculation. The presence of the Mi-1.2 gene was determined with molecular markers. Astona RN F1, Vigomax, Beaufort, PI126443 and PI 270435 which carried the Mi-1.2 gene were resistant to Meloidogyne incognita race 2 at 24°C. The egg masses and J2s were significantly fewer in these lines than in the susceptible Simita F1 at 24°C, and there were no significant differences among resistant plants. In contrast, there were significant differences in the galling index among heat-stable sources and plants containing the Mi-1.2 gene. Simita F1, Astona RN F1 and the rootstocks had a susceptible reaction to M. incognita race 2 at 32°C, but PI 126443 and PI 270435 were resistant. However, at this temperature there were significant differences in the number of juveniles in the soil, the egg mass and the galling index between the heat-stable and the heat-unstable plants. Source

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