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Devran Z.,Bat Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Sogut M.A.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey
Crop Protection | Year: 2011

A total of 95 samples of Meloidogyne incognita (60), Meloidogyne javanica (28) and Meloidogyne arenaria (7) collected from West Mediterranean region of Turkey were tested for identifying races of the nematodes using the North Carolina Differential Host Test. Races 2 and 6 of M. incognita were identified in 58 and 2 samples, respectively. Race 1 of M. javanica was identified from all 28 samples. Races 2 and 3 of M. arenaria were identified in 5 and 2 samples, respectively. The results also showed that two races of M. incognita and all races of M. javanica did not attack on pepper cv. California Wonder. These findings may contribute to improving resistant varieties and may also provide basis for developing a cropping system to control root-knot nematodes. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Gul M.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Akpinar G.,Akdeniz University | Demircan V.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Yilmaz H.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | And 8 more authors.
Custos e Agronegocio | Year: 2014

In this study Antalya, Denizli, Isparta, Karaman, Konya and Nigde province’ farms which are dominant in apple cultivation has been compared in terms of early warning adoption level and some social economic indicators. With this scope in the study region stratified sampling method had been used and sampling size has been determined 267 farms. In these regions early warning system has been used since the late 80’s for black spot and codling moth. Especially after 2000’s successful results of the system provide that a positive effect of the farmers’ adoption level. According to the study results there is a high adoption level of farmers on apple cultivation from early warning system thus 41.6% of the farmers exactly adapt the pesticide application time from early warning system but farmers have lack of information about the system. There is a positive relation between adoption and education level, both levels increase at the same time.Early warning adoption levels also decrease unit production cost of apple. Relative profit has a statistically meaningful relation between early warning adoption level (p<0.05). Total pesticide cost increased 10.92% due to unnecessary usage. Many small farms in these regions can increase their income and provide market advantages with some amelioration in the early warning system, enlargement of practise areas. © 2014, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. All rights reserved. Source


Aydogdu M.,Bat Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute
Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Huitlacoche is the Aztecs name given to the smut galls on ears of maize caused by the pathogenic plant fungus Ustilago maydis [(DC) Corda.)]. It is known as maize mushroom, and it has been considered a delicacy and in Mesoamerica. The aim of the present study was to determine the responses of some maize varieties to the growth of the fungus in order to evaluate the prospect production of these smutty ears as a maize mushroom. A 2-year study was conducted in the Mediterranean region of Turkey in 2010 and 2011. Inoculations were performed by injecting inoculum into the ear through the silk channel of plants in plots. Each treatment had control plots. Average ear-gall (huitlacoche) severity and incidence of all the varieties were at the rates of 4.0 and 41.6%, respectively. However, the highest severity of ear-gall (6.5) and incidence (60.6%) were found in Karadeniz Yıldızı flint maize variety; colossal smutty ears were formed in the maize cultivars. This study showed that certain maize cultivars (flint corn and dent corn) can be used efficiently in the production of huitlacoche. © 2015, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Alimentos, SBCTA. All rights reserved. Source


Ari E.,Akdeniz University | Gurbuz E.,Bartn Direct. of Provincial Food Agriculture and Livestock | Tugrul Ay S.,Bat Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Karaguzel O.,Bat Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute | Ozcelik A.,Patara Tarm
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2015

The global climate change, a developing environmental consciousneß and changing consumer trends together with high adopted xeriscape approach in landscaping lead to an increasing use of native plants worldwide. Turkey has very rich plant genetic resources, some of these have potential as ornamental plant for landscape use. Their domestication is especially important for the aßeßment and exploitation of the underused genetic resources. This study was conducted in Bat Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute in Antalya, Turkey. We aimed to propagate vegetatively 22 native plant species including herbaceous plants, climbers, shrubs and trees. Some of the species are endemic. Mainly adventitious rooting via stem cuttings was used for the propagation of the different species: Acer sempervirens, Amelanchier parviflora, Ampelopsis orientale, Arbutus andrachne, Cionura erecta, Clematis cirrhosa, C. vitalba, Daphne sericea, D. oleoides, Erica bocquetii, E. manipuliflora, E. sicula subsp. libanotica, Melißa officinalis, Myrtus communis, Ostrya carpinifolia, Pistacia terebinthus, Pyrus serikensis, Sedum sediforme, Sorbus umbellata var. umbellata, Tamarix tetrandra and Vitex agnus-castus. Additionally, stock division (for Carex pendula) and radial layering (for A. orientale and C. cirrhosa) were applied. The stem cuttings were inserted in perlite, peat, peat:perlite (1:1), sand, sand:peat:perlite (1:1:1) or cocopite:sand (5:1) mixtures and mostly commercial powdered rooting hormone was applied. Fifteen of the 22 plant species were succeßfully rooted with a ratio ranging from 5 to 100%. The cuttings of A. orientale, C. erecta, C. cirrhosa, M. officinalis and S. sediforme were rooted for 100%. C. pendula was very regenerative for producing sister plants. Propagation results of this initial work were found very promising for the cultivation and domestication of most of the targeted plant species. It might be poßible to increase the propagation ratios by using different substrates and hormone applications especially for difficult to propagate species. Source

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