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Ankara, Turkey

Başkent University was founded on January 13, 1994 by Prof. Dr. Mehmet Haberal. The University center is located in Ankara and also has Medical and Research Centers and Dialysis Centers all around Turkey. Wikipedia.

Pinarci E.Y.,Baskent University
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: To assess the results of posterior neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy in patients with late postoperative capsular block syndrome (CBS) with decreased vision because of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Setting: Baskent University Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey. Design: Case-control study. Methods: Patients with CBS who had phacoemulsification and foldable hydrophilic or hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens implantation with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis were retrospectively reviewed. Transparent to slight milky fluid had collected in the capsular bag. Capsular block syndrome was undiagnosed before the PCO developed. The CBS was treated with Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy, after which the change in refraction, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), complications, and inflammation rate were evaluated. Follow-up examinations were at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 and 6 months. Results: The mean time between cataract surgery and laser capsulotomy was 48 months ± 10.27 (SD) (range 28 to 66 months). The Nd:YAG capsulotomy was successful in all eyes. Capsulotomy did not change the refraction in 14 eyes (93.3%). One patient (6.6%) had a change of +0.75 diopter. After capsulotomy, the logMAR CDVA improved in 13 cases (mean 0.26 ± 0.18; range 0.0 to 0.7) and did not change in 2 cases. There were no complications, inflammation, or significant IOP changes. Conclusions: Neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy in patients with PCO associated with late CBS increased visual acuity without a significant change in refraction or IOP. Capsular block syndrome may be asymptomatic and remain undiagnosed for a long time after cataract surgery before PCO develops. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS. Source

Azreg-Ainou M.,Baskent University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

Null geodesics of normal and phantom Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton black holes are determined analytically by the Weierstrass elliptic functions. The black hole parameters other than the mass enter, with the appropriate signs, the formula for the angle of deflection to the second order in the inverse of the impact parameter allowing for the identification of the nature of matter (phantom or normal). Such identification is also possible via the time delay formula and observation of relativistic images. Scattering experiences may favor black holes of Einstein-anti-Maxwell-dilatonic theory for their high relative discrepancy with respect to the Schwarzschild value. For the cases we restrict ourselves to, phantom black holes are characterized by the absence of many-world and two-world null geodesics. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Aktas A.,Baskent University
Seminars in Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2014

The best option for the treatment of end-stage renal disease is kidney transplantation. Prompt diagnosis and management of early posttransplantation complications is of utmost importance for graft survival. Biochemical markers, allograft biopsies, and imaging modalities are used for the timely recognition and management of graft dysfunction. Among several other factors, improvements in imaging modalities have been regarded as one of the factors contributing to increased short-term graft survival. Each imaging procedure has its own unique contribution to the evaluation of renal transplant dysfunction. In the era of multimodality imaging and emerging clinical considerations for the improvement of graft survival, evaluating an imaging modality in its own right may not be relevant and may fall short of expectation. Recognized as being mainly a functional imaging procedure, radionuclide imaging provides valuable information on renal function that cannot be obtained with other imaging modalities. For evaluating and establishing the current place, indications, and potential applications of radionuclide renal transplant imaging, a classification of renal allograft complications based on renal allograft dysfunction is essential. The major factor affecting long-term graft loss is chronic allograft nephropathy. Its association with early posttransplantation delayed graft function and repeated acute rejection episodes is well documented. Long-term graft survival rate have not improve significantly over the years. Imaging procedures are most commonly performed during the early period after transplantation. There seems to be a need for performing more frequent late posttransplantation imaging for the evaluation of acute allograft dysfunction, subclinical pathology, and chronic allograft changes; for understanding their contribution to patient management; and for identification of pathophysiological mechanisms leading to proteinuria and hypertension. With its unique advantage of relating perfusion to function, the potential for radionuclide imaging to replace late protocol biopsies needs to be investigated. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Mizuno H.,Juntendo University | Tobita M.,Japan Self Defense Force Hospital Yokosuka | Uysal A.C.,Baskent University
Stem Cells | Year: 2012

The potential use of stem cell-based therapies for the repair and regeneration of various tissues and organs offers a paradigm shift that may provide alternative therapeutic solutions for a number of diseases. The use of either embryonic stem cells (ESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells in clinical situations is limited due to cell regulations and to technical and ethical considerations involved in the genetic manipulation of human ESCs, even though these cells are, theoretically, highly beneficial. Mesenchymal stem cells seem to be an ideal population of stem cells for practical regenerative medicine, because they are not subjected to the same restrictions. In particular, large number of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be easily harvested from adipose tissue. Furthermore, recent basic research and preclinical studies have revealed that the use of ASCs in regenerative medicine is not limited to mesodermal tissue but extends to both ectodermal and endodermal tissues and organs, although ASCs originate from mesodermal lineages. Based on this background knowledge, the primary purpose of this concise review is to summarize and describe the underlying biology of ASCs and their proliferation and differentiation capacities, together with current preclinical and clinical data from a variety of medical fields regarding the use of ASCs in regenerative medicine. In addition, future directions for ASCs in terms of cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine are discussed. © AlphaMed Press. Source

Azreg-Ainou M.,Baskent University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2014

We drop the complexification procedure from the Newman-Janis algorithm and introduce more physical arguments and symmetry properties, and we show how one can generate regular and singular rotating black hole and non-black-hole solutions in Boyer-Lindquist coordinates. We focus on generic rotating regular black holes and show that they are regular on the Kerr-like ring, but physical entities are undefined there. We show that rotating regular black holes have much smaller electric charges, and, with increasing charge, they turn into regular non-black-hole solutions well before their Kerr-Newman counterparts become naked singularities. No causality violations occur in the region inside a rotating regular black hole. The separability of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for neutral particles is also carried out in the generic case, and the innermost boundaries of circular orbits for particles are briefly discussed. Other, but special, properties pertaining to the rotating regular counterpart of the Ayón-Beato-García regular static black hole are also investigated. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

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