Basaveshwara Medical College

Chitradurga, India

Basaveshwara Medical College

Chitradurga, India

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Vani D.,T K Layout | Dayananda T.R.,Sarvad Skin Center and Diagnostics Advanced | Kumar H.R.S.,Basaveshwara Medical College | Ravikumar V.,MVJ Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Hidrocystomas are rare cystic lesions that form benign tumours of the sweat glands. In this report, a clinical case of multiple apocrine hidrocystomas on both the upper and lower eyelids, and on both the malar regions has been discussed. These lesions are less likely than the eccrine lesions to occur at the periorbital region.


PubMed | Basaveshwara Medical college and Kempegowda institute of medical science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Tuberculosis (TB), a dreadful disease known to mankind continues to be a problem in a developing country like India. The incidence of people getting infected with TB is on the rise due to compounding factors like coinfection with the human immunodefiency virus and multidrug-resistant strains. There is a definitive need for early diagnosis and treatment of TB to curb transmission of the infection. Direct smear microscopy, though cheap and rapid, lacks sensitivity. Isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture requires a long time, because of which there is a need for a rapid method which has good sensitivity and specificity for the detection of M. tuberculosis. The present study was undertaken to determine the test which diagnoses TB rapidly and to compare the sensitivity of smear microscopy, concentration method, rapid slide culture, and Lowenstein - Jensen (LJ) culture.Sputum samples of 200 patients were subjected to direct smear and concentration by modified Petroffs method. The concentrated sputum was also taken for slide culture using human blood medium and inoculated on LJ media.LJ culture was positive in 47 (23.5%) cases, of which three were nontubercular mycobacteria. Using LJ culture as the standard method, the sensitivity of direct smear, concentration method, and rapid slide culture method was 68, 83, and 89%, respectively, and specificity was 100% in all the three tests.Rapid slide culture showed good sensitivity which was comparable to and next in efficacy to LJ culture and this technique can be adopted in the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) as it is a rapid, cheap, sensitive, and specific method.


Usha M.G.,JJM Medical College | Shwetha D.C.,Basaveshwara Medical College | Vishwanath G.,JJM Medical College
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology | Year: 2013

Background: Despite their frequency as contaminants, coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CONS) have become important nosocomial pathogens, accounting for 9% of all nosocomial infections. These infections are difficult to treat because of the risk factors and the multiple drug resistance nature of these organisms. Materials and Methods: One hundred and two consecutive CONS were isolated from various clinical samples like blood, pus, urine, urine catheter tip and gastric lavage. Most of the blood samples were from patients with risk factors (immunocompromised or on medical devices). After confirming the isolates as CONS, species-level identification was performed by simple, non-expensive conventional methods and antibiotic sensitivity testing was also carried out. Results: Of 102 CONS isolates, 100 isolates could be identified to the species level. Among the 100 isolates, epidermidis was the most common species isolated, seen in 32%, followed by S. hemolyticus (18%), S. lugdunensis (12%), S. hominis (10%), S. saprophyticus (8%), S. capitis (6%), S. caprae (4%), S. xylosus (4%), S. cohni and S. warneri (3% each). In the present study, 56% of the isolates were methicillin-resistant CONS. Most of the isolates showed resistance to ampicillin and amoxyclav (89% each), followed by ceftriaxone (52%), cotrimoxazole (46%), cefotaxime (32%), gentamicin (25%), amikacin (21%). Conclusion: The increased pathogenic potential and multiple-drug resistance demonstrates the need to adopt simple, reliable and non-expensive methods for identifying and determining the antibiotic sensitivity of CONS.


Sreenivasa B.,Basaveshwara medical college | Kumar G.V.,Sri Siddhartha medical college
Current Pediatric Research | Year: 2015

Alteration in blood glucose levels in newborns is difficult to detect clinically. Hence a reliable “point of care” device (glucometer) for early detection and treatment is needed. Hypoglycemia is historically one of the most common metabolic problems seen in both the newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care unit. In neonates, there is not always an obvious correlation between blood glucose concentration and the classic clinical manifestations of hypoglycemia. The absence of symptoms does not indicate that glucose concentration is normal and has not fallen to less than optimal level (40 mg/dl) for maintaining brain metabolism. Present study was conducted on 500 newborns admitted to NICU. Blood glucose levels were measured simultaneously by using glucometer (Accu-chek advantage) and laboratory by using glucose oxidase method. There is a strong correlation between values obtained using both the methods with contingency coefficient- 0.7 and p value – 0.000. Accu-chek advantage glucometer had good correlation at glucose levels 40 to 145 mg/dl. Glucometer shouid be considered only as a screening method, not as a diagnostic test due to their questionable reliability in diagnosing neonatal hypoglycaemia. Although the accu-chek advantage glucometer had good sensitivity and negative predictive value in detecting hypoglycaemia, confirmation with laboratory measurements of plasma glucose and clinical assessment of the infant are still of the utmost importance. © 2015, Scientific Publishers of India. All rights reserved.


Patil S.,Basaveshwara Medical College | Nidoni M.,SJM Dental College and Hospital | Mahesh G.M.,Basaveshwara Medical College
Irish Journal of Medical Science | Year: 2014

Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham's Dissection Manuals. Apart from this, he also produced many scientific contributions not only in the field of descriptive anatomy but also in comparative anatomy, evolution, anthropology and anthropometry. He was also a very able administrator, not only of medical schools but also in other Governmental departments, scientific journals, zoological gardens and other societies. He was also passionate about animals and gardens. He was a much respected man at both the cities of Edinburgh and Dublin. Above all, he strove for excellence with a human touch and his colleagues remembered him as a great human being. He passed away on 23 June 1909 at his home in Edinburgh. © 2014 Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland.


Chavan Sateesh S.,Karnataka Institute of Medical science | Yenni V.V.,Basaveshwara Medical College | Kulkarni M.H.,Karnataka Institute of Medical science
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Chondroblastoma of squamous part of temporal bone is a very rare bone tumor. Although most of them are benign, the prognosis is not predictable. A 14-year-old girl presented with recurrent slowly growing mass over the right side of the temporo-parietal region of skull vault. Initial curettage material showed extensive chondroid areas and diagnosed histologically as "enchondroma." Histology of completely excised recurrent mass showed identiiable chondroblastic foci. She was followed up for 3 years and was free from recurrence. Chondroblastomas at very rare sites such as squamous part of temporal bone have variable histology, confusing with other giant cell lesions, variable prognosis, and require prompt diagnosis and complete excision.


Shruthi N.,Anand Diagnostics Laboratory | Ravikumar,Korea Institute of Materials Science | Ravishkumar,Basaveshwara Medical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Introduction and Objective: The bacterial strains that cause symptomatic urinary tract infections possess diverse distinctive properties that enable them to overcome the local host defenses. In Escherichia coli, virulence results from the cumulative impact of several virulence factors, which can vary according to the patient populations. Hence, a study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of the virulence factors in the E.coli isolates which were isolated from pregnant woman, catheterized patients and from the stool samples of healthy individuals. Methods: A total of 93 E.coli isolates were obtained from symptomatic cases of urinary tract infections and 31 E.coli faecal isolates were obtained from apparently healthy individuals and they were tested for haemolysin production, mannose resistant haemagglutination to indicate P fimbriae, cell surface hydrophobicity, and the gelatinase enzyme. Results: Among the 93 E.coli isolates from the cases group, 39(41.9%) were haemolytic, 38(40.9%) were MRHA positive, 29(31.2%) were hydrophobic and 18(19.4%) were positive for gelatinase. Among the 31 controls, 01(3.2%) were haemolytic, 02(6.5%) were MRHA positive and 03(9.7%) were hydrophobic and none of the isolates were positive for gelatinase. The difference between the cases and the control group was significant (P<0.001).Multiple virulence factors were observed in 10% of the isolates. Interpretation and Conclusions: The present study showed that the expression of the virulence factors was more in the urinary isolates of the antenatal cases and in the catheterized patients as compared to the faecal isolates.


Kumar M.R.,Basaveshwara Medical college | Malini J.P.,Basaveshwara Medical college | Kumar K.L.R.,Kempegowda institute of medical science Banashankari 2nd stage
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences | Year: 2013

Background: Tuberculosis (TB), a dreadful disease known to mankind continues to be a problem in a developing country like India. The incidence of people getting infected with TB is on the rise due to compounding factors like coinfection with the human immunodefiency virus and multidrug-resistant strains. There is a definitive need for early diagnosis and treatment of TB to curb transmission of the infection. Direct smear microscopy, though cheap and rapid, lacks sensitivity. Isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture requires a long time, because of which there is a need for a rapid method which has good sensitivity and specificity for the detection of M. tuberculosis. The present study was undertaken to determine the test which diagnoses TB rapidly and to compare the sensitivity of smear microscopy, concentration method, rapid slide culture, and Lowenstein - Jensen (LJ) culture. Materials and Methods: Sputum samples of 200 patients were subjected to direct smear and concentration by modified Petroff's method. The concentrated sputum was also taken for slide culture using human blood medium and inoculated on LJ media. Results: LJ culture was positive in 47 (23.5%) cases, of which three were nontubercular mycobacteria. Using LJ culture as the standard method, the sensitivity of direct smear, concentration method, and rapid slide culture method was 68, 83, and 89%, respectively, and specificity was 100% in all the three tests. Conclusion: Rapid slide culture showed good sensitivity which was comparable to and next in efficacy to LJ culture and this technique can be adopted in the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) as it is a rapid, cheap, sensitive, and specific method.


PubMed | Basaveshwara Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2013

A brain abscess which is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare entity. Here, we have described a gentle man who presented with the signs and symptoms of a mass lesion which was localized to the temporal lobe. The clinical examination and computerized tomography revealed the diagnosis of a temporal abscess. The loculated mass was tapped and it was sent for histopathology, which confirmed the presence of an organizing abscess. A laboratory investigation of the pus revealed Streptococcus pneumoniae. The treatment included total excision and the administration of prolonged antibiotics, which led to a good outcome in the patient.


PubMed | Basaveshwara Medical College
Type: Biography | Journal: Irish journal of medical science | Year: 2014

Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunninghams Dissection Manuals. Apart from this, he also produced many scientific contributions not only in the field of descriptive anatomy but also in comparative anatomy, evolution, anthropology and anthropometry. He was also a very able administrator, not only of medical schools but also in other Governmental departments, scientific journals, zoological gardens and other societies. He was also passionate about animals and gardens. He was a much respected man at both the cities of Edinburgh and Dublin. Above all, he strove for excellence with a human touch and his colleagues remembered him as a great human being. He passed away on 23 June 1909 at his home in Edinburgh.

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