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Pio XII, Brazil

Bianco A.M.,University of Sao Paulo | Uno M.,University of Sao Paulo | Oba-Shinjo S.M.,University of Sao Paulo | Clara C.A.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | And 4 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2015

The CXCR7, a new receptor for CXCL12 with higher affinity than CXCR4 has raised key issues on glioma cell migration. The aim of this study is to investigate the CXCR7 mRNA expression in diffuse astrocytomas tissues and to evaluate its interactions with CXCR4 and HIF1α expression and IDH1 mutation. CXCR7, CXCR4 and HIF1α mRNA expression were evaluated in 129 frozen samples of astrocytomas. IDH1 mutation status was analyzed with gene expressions, matched with clinicopathological parameters and overall survival time. Protein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in different grades of astrocytoma and in glioma cell line (U87MG) by confocal microscopy. There was significant difference in the expression levels of the genes studied between astrocytomas and non-neoplasic (NN) controls (p < 0.001). AGII showed no significant correlation between CXCR7/HIF1α (p = 0.548); there was significant correlation between CXCR7/CXCR4 (p = 0.042) and CXCR7/IDH1 (p = 0.008). GBM showed significant correlations between CXCR7/CXCR4 (p = 0.002), CXCR7/IDH1 (p < 0.001) and CXCR7/HIF1α (p = 0.008). HIF1α overexpression was associated with higher expressions of CXCR7 (p = 0.01) and CXCR4 (p < 0.0001), while IDH1 mutation was associated with lower CXCR7 (p = 0.009) and CXCR4 (p = 0.0005) mRNA expressions. Protein expression increased with malignancy and in U87MG cell line was mainly localized in the cellular membrane. CXCR7 was overexpressed in astrocytoma and correlates with CXCR4 and IDH1 in AGII and CXCR4, IDH1 and HIF1α in GBM. Overexpression HIF1α was related with higher expressions of CXCR7 and CXCR4, otherwise IDH1 mutation related with lower expression of both genes. No association between CXCR7 and CXCR4 expression and survival data was related. © 2014, Arányi Lajos Foundation. Source

Begnami M.D.,A. C. Camargo Hospital | Fregnani J.H.T.G.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | Brentani H.,University of Sao Paulo | Torres C.,A. C. Camargo Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2012

Background and Aim: The identification of gastric carcinomas (GC) has traditionally been based on histomorphology. Recently, DNA microarrays have successfully been used to identify tumors through clustering of the expression profiles. Random forest clustering is widely used for tissue microarrays and other immunohistochemical data, because it handles highly-skewed tumor marker expressions well, and weighs the contribution of each marker according to its relatedness with other tumor markers. In the present study, we e identified biologically- and clinically-meaningful groups of GC by hierarchical clustering analysis of immunohistochemical protein expression. Methods: We selected 28 proteins (p16, p27, p21, cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin B1, pRb, p53, c-met, c-erbB-2, vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor [TGF]-βI, TGF-βII, MutS homolog-2, bcl-2, bax, bak, bcl-x, adenomatous polyposis coli, clathrin, E-cadherin, β-catenin, mucin (MUC)1, MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6, matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-2, and MMP-9) to be investigated by immunohistochemistry in 482 GC. The analyses of the data were done using a random forest-clustering method. Results: Proteins related to cell cycle, growth factor, cell motility, cell adhesion, apoptosis, and matrix remodeling were highly expressed in GC. We identified protein expressions associated with poor survival in diffuse-type GC. Conclusions: Based on the expression analysis of 28 proteins, we identified two groups of GC that could not be explained by any clinicopathological variables, and a subgroup of long-surviving diffuse-type GC patients with a distinct molecular profile. These results provide not only a new molecular basis for understanding the biological properties of GC, but also better prediction of survival than the classic pathological grouping. © 2011 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Zanini M.A.,Sao Paulo State University | Faleiros A.T.S.,Sao Paulo State University | Almeida C.R.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | Clara C.A.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | Gabarra R.C.,Sao Paulo State University
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria | Year: 2011

Objective: Report our experience with trigone ventricular meningiomas and review the surgical approaches to the trigone. Method: From 1989 to 2006, six patients with meningiomas of the trigone of the lateral ventricles underwent microsurgical resection. Their clinical features, image, follow up, and surgical approaches were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Five patients presented with large and one with small volume meningioma. Unspecific symptoms occurred in three patients; intracranial hypertension detected in three patients; homonymous hemianopsy in three; and motor deficit present in one patient. Three patients were operated by transparietal transcortical approach, two by middle temporal gyrus approach, and one by parieto-occipital interhemispheric precuneus approach. Total resection was achieved in all patients without additional deficits. Conclusion: Judicious preoperative plan, adequate knowledge of anatomy, and use of correct microsurgical techniques are fundamental in achieving complete resection of trigone meningioma with low morbidity. Source

Faria R.A.,Santa Casa Sisters of Mercy Hospital of Sao Paulo | da Silva C.M.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | Miziara J.E.A.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | de Melo F.Y.,Santa Casa Sisters of Mercy Hospital of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia | Year: 2010

We report the case of a 74-year-old female patient diagnosed with a giant cell tumor of the sternum. The clinical and radiological presentation was indicative of a primary tumor of the sternum. The patient underwent complementary tests and surgery. The pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Commonly observed in the long bones of the appendicular skeleton, this type of tumor is characterized by its local aggressiveness and metastatic potential. We also review the literature on the topic. Source

Almodova E.C.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | Almodova E.C.,Sao Paulo State University | de Oliveira W.K.,Sao Paulo State University | Machado L.F.A.,Cancer Hospital of Barretos | And 4 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

AIM: To study the association between atrophic gastritis (AG) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a Latin-America population. METHODS: A case-control study was performed at two reference Brazilian hospitals including patients diagnosed with advanced ESCC and dyspeptic patients who had been subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, with biopsies of the gastric antrum and body. All cases with ESCC were reviewed by a single pathologist, who applied standard criteria for the diagnosis of mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia, all classified as AG. The data on the patients' age, sex, smoking status, and alcohol consumption were collected from clinical records, and any missing information was completed by telephone interview. The association between AG and ESCC was assessed by means of univariate and multiple conditional logistic regressions. RESULTS: Most patients were male, and the median age was 59 years (range: 37-79 years) in both the ESCC and control groups. Univariate analysis showed that an intake of ethanol greater than 32 g/d was an independent risk factor that increased the odds of ESCC 7.57 times (P = 0.014); upon multiple analysis, alcohol intake of ethanol greater than 32 g/d exhibited a risk of 4.54 (P = 0.081), as adjusted for AG and smoking. Smoking was shown to be an independent risk factor that increased the odds of ESCC 14.55 times (P = 0.011) for individuals who smoked 0 to 51 packs/year and 21.40 times (P = 0.006) for those who smoked more than 51 packs/year. Upon multiple analyses, those who smoked up to 51 packs/year exhibited a risk of 7.85 (P = 0.058), and those who smoked more than 51 packs/year had a risk 11.57 times higher (P = 0.04), as adjusted for AG and alcohol consumption. AG proved to be a risk factor that increased the odds of ESCC 5.33 times (95%CI: 1.55-18.30, P = 0.008) according to the results of univariate conditional logistic regression. CONCLUSION: There was an association by univariate conditional logistic regression between AG and ECSS in this sample of Latin-American population. © 2013 Baishideng. Source

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