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Zaragoza, Spain

Cheema N.M.,PARC | Farooq U.,PARC | Shabbir G.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Nawaz Shah M.K.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Musa M.,Bari
Pakistan Journal of Botany

Non-edible oilseeds carry special importance along with edible oilseeds in the world oilseeds economy as well as Pakistan. Castor bean is an important non-edible oilseed. The agro-ecological conditions of rain-fed Pothwar region of Pakistan provide good potential for increasing cultivation of castor bean. The experimental plots of castor bean planted at three locations of Pothwar selected on the basis of rainfall shows that castor bean is a moisture sensitive crop and productivity is directly associated with rainfall levels. Similarly, earlier planted fields out-yielded than late planted ones. Among varieties, DS-30 and PR-101 performed relatively better than PR-7/1 and local. The combined effect of variety and planting time revealed that higher yielding varieties planted earlier has resulted in higher yield ha-1 as compared with the yields by the same varieties planted late. The competitiveness analysis of returns from castor been production vis-à-vis returns from sorghum and millet production at three locations showed that castor bean cultivation gave much higher returns. It is concluded that castor bean cultivation was found much profitable for the farmers of Pothwar region of Pakistan. Secondly, selection of better variety and optimum plantation times are also important, but farmers in Chakwal region should struggle for early plantation besides selecting high yielding varieties (HYVs). Source

Rashid M.H.,Bari | Khalequzzaman K.M.,Bari | Kashem M.A.,Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture | Alam M.J.,Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture | And 4 more authors.
Life Science Journal

An experiment was conducted to assess the yield loss of chickpea caused by Botrytis gray mold (BGM) through fungicide spray at Pulses Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh. Sixteen entries were evaluated following RCB design with three replications. Out of 16 tested germplasms, eight germplasms (92040*52, FLIP97-530 CLIMS, 94-012*98V4006, FLIP98-106C, Gully, FLIP94-509C, 97020-1489 and S95425) showed resistant reaction, while eight and one entries showed susceptible and highly susceptible, respectably, in fungicide sprayed plot. The highest yield increase over BGM inoculated plot were observed in BARWON*98CIH4007 (180.49%) and 97020-1489 (157.96%). The lowest yield increase over BGM inoculated plot were recorded in HEERA*98CZH4010 (6.39%) and 94-012*98V4006 (8.93%) genotypes. © 2013. Marsland Press, Zhengzhou University. Source

Mata L.,Bari | Sanz D.,Bari | Razquin P.,Bari
Food Analytical Methods

A new system for the analysis of antimicrobial residues in raw milk was optimized by combining a microbial inhibitor tube test (Eclipse Farm) and a device (e-Reader) that integrates incubation at 65 °C and colour change continuous monitoring. The system determines automatically the end point of the assay and interprets the results in an objective way. Thus, the new method is adapted for the use at farms and small dairies since it simplifies the analysis and increases the accuracy of the results. The performance of a new system was validated according to the European Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. Limits of detection of the new system were firstly evaluated for 30 molecules from several families of antimicrobials and were found to be close to the European maximum residue limits (MRLs). Detection capabilities were also determined for six molecules representing the main antimicrobial groups used in dairy husbandry (penicillins, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, sulphonamides, macrolides and aminoglycosides). All molecules were detected at or below the MRL level. Ruggedness was also studied, demonstrating that the new method was unaffected by reasonable changes in the procedure (sample volume, incubation temperature, test batch). Applicability was demonstrated in raw cow milk regardless fat and protein content or high somatic cell counts. Eclipse Farm coupled to e-Reader has proved to be a valuable tool for the screening of a broad-spectrum of antimicrobial residues in raw milk. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

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