Usher J.,Barcelona Media
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America | Year: 2010
Determining the absolute onset time of reflections in an acoustic impulse response (IR) has applications for both subjective and physical acoustics problems. Although computationally simple, a first-order energetic analysis of the IR can lead to false-positive identification of reflections. This letter reports on a method to determine reflection onset timings using a modified running local kurtosis analysis to identify regions in the IR where the distribution is non-normal. IRs from both real and virtual rooms are used to validate the method and to find optimum analysis window sizes. © 2010 Acoustical Society of America. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.2 | Award Amount: 4.05M | Year: 2012
There is a wealth of publicly available data in todays Internet (e.g., Web pages, government law texts, public statistics, media archives, etc.) that can be exploited by large and small companies in various business domains. Storing, processing, and querying such ever increasing amounts of data is becoming a major challenge, and having the capability to do so is a strong asset for the few big companies with sufficient infrastructural resources. For instance, it is not possible for many small companies to mine publicly available content on the Internet because they do not have the means to build, access or store a complete graph of the Web.\nLEADS is based on the premise that, instead of maintaining data in-house in dedicated data centres, it is both economically and ecologically better to store it in a shared infrastructure. Its objective is to build a decentral-ized Data-as-a-Service (DaaS) framework that runs on an elastic collection of micro-clouds. LEADS will provide means to gather, store, and query publicly available data, as well as process this data in real-time. In addition, the public data can be enriched with private data maintained on behalf of a client, and the processing of the real-time data can be augmented with historical versions of the public and private data. The platform will be designed from the ground up to account for privacy, security, energy-efficiency, availability, elastic scalability, and performance considerations. The project will be validated on use-cases involving the crawling of Web data and its exploitation in different application domains.\n\nThe project website will be http://www.leads-project.eu/
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.25M | Year: 2014
Social media (SM) statistics during recent disasters (e.g., the 20 million tweets relating to Sandy storm and the sharing of related photos in Instagram at a rate of 10/sec) provide tangible evidence that security forces and civil protection agencies could greatly benefit from the effective blending of SM information into their processes. However, despite the widespread use of SM in various domains (e.g., marketing/branding/finance, there is still no easy, structured and effective way to leverage several SM in security/emergency management applications. SUPER is a joint effort of social media experts (incl. social network providers) and security experts (incl. security and civil protection agencies), towards introducing a holistic, integrated and privacy-friendly approach to the use of social media in emergencies and security incidents. The approach will operate at multiple time-scales (before/during/after events), while serving both strategic and tactical level operations. It will be characterized by: a. Intelligent information gathering from SM based on novel algorithms (sentiment analysis, topic tracking, real-time event detection), b. Quantitative assessment of the credibility of SM information towards alleviating manipulation, c. Integrated search over multiple SM towards deriving non-obvious information, d. Gathering/analysis of the citizens and the forces opinions as part of policy modelling processes, e. Use of SM as an effective way for conveying information to stakeholders, f. Modular integration of the above functionalities within existing processes for strategic planning, management of operations, generation of operational picture and management of policies for emergencies, g. Compliance with privacy laws/regulations. SUPER will be validated in two complementary scenarios spanning civil protection activities (earthquakes) and police activities (unrest).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.31M | Year: 2013
Transmedia, the future of Media industry Media industry, a strongly technology driven sector suffers, in Europe, of fragmented R&D efforts (a fact highlighted by the Digital Agenda). In consequence there are still some missing essential technical components to be developed in Europe. Given the changing context in the media sector and the economic significance of this highly competitive and supportive of growth domain, it is crucial to mobilise European actors in order to prepare the transition from mono-media to Transmedia and strengthen Europe in front of US and Asia competition. The EuroTransmedia project gathers some of the most influent triple helix media clusters in Europe. Together they represent a critical mass of complementary skills all along the value chain generating a turnover of about 19Bn a year and their R&D budget is about 8% of this turnover, whether 1,5Bn of public and private money. The EuroTransmedia project intends to: 1/ Integrate key EU problematic areas by joining the research efforts to get rid of the remaining technological barriers that still hamper user creativity, user content editing interoperability, portability and new editorial policy (which can be seen as the future of media industry). It will tackle technological, scientific, organisational and economic challenges for research and innovation for Media industry in the EU. The project will identify key needs of the industry to drive research topics The project will map competencies and skills to cover these needs at European level Gathering innovative SMEs and research labs, the project will speed up the uptake of ICT innovation. 2/ Adapt a new value chain to the new economy where the user is both a consumer and a producer, and where practices are nomadic and ubiquitous. By gathering stakeholders covering the whole value chain of the media sector the project will contribute at reshaping the value chain taking account of the transmedia constraints. Therefore the project addresses the industrial challenges, taking into account EU challenges of boosting smart growth indicating project priorities at the EU level, and finally via creating integrated value chain addressing research priorities at project level. The project intends to be an enabler of new business models that will allow the stakeholders to take the leadership of worldwide markets 3/ Defragmenting research: The development of a common inter-regional research agenda and associated Join Action Plan integrating regional specialisation and bringing together experiences of 6 key European research-driven clusters. This action will link industry and research over different territories at a European level. The project defines the basis of an efficient and internationally competitive European industry of transmedia, empowering the expertise of several countries involved in technological taking into account international competition, new and innovative technologies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.5.5 | Award Amount: 2.54M | Year: 2013
D-CENT will accelerate innovation in the use of the Internet to help communities share data and collaborate to address major societal challenges. Despite its huge potential to transform everyday democratic decision making or to enable citizens to shape their own economic destiny, todays Internet is becoming highly centralised.\nD-CENT will accelerate the development of practical alternatives, through experiments creating useful new tools for direct democracy and economic empowerment, as well as research. It brings together world-class technological designers and academics with communities.\nD-CENT will create a bottom-up, decentralised, open platform for collective awareness based on integrating already successful open-source codebases. Its first practical experiments will address democratic engagement, building on Europes largest experiments in direct democracy the Open Ministry linked into parliament in Finland, and the involvement of the whole population in shaping a new wiki-constitution in Iceland as well as one of Europes most dynamic social movements, in Spain. These will show how millions of citizens can become engaged in day-to-day deliberation, and decision-making.\nIts second cluster of experiments will connect these new approaches to empowerment to economic platforms. Freecoin, a new disruptive digital social currency based on Bitcoin, will be deployed in Finland, Iceland and Spain to encourage the sharing economy and to extend, scale and link up community currencies. Our aim is that these tools will then be spread to currencies currently being implemented in France, the Netherlands, and the UK, creating the building blocks for an economy that links exchange to trust, deliberation, and collective awareness.\nD-CENT will provide civil society with immediately useable digital tools for social innovation and sustainability. But it will also grow longer-term alternatives to todays highly centralised platforms and power structures.