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Savithra P.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Oral health & preventive dentistry | Year: 2013

To assess a) whether the quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) has improved since the formulation of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement and b) whether there is any difference in reporting of RCTs between the selected public health dentistry journals. A hand search of the journals of public health dentistry was performed and four journals were identified for the study. They were Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology (CDOE), Community Dental Health (CDH), Journal of Public Health Dentistry (JPHD) and Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry (OHPD). A total of 114 RCTs published between 1990 and 2009 were selected. CONSORT guidelines were applied to each selected article in order to assess and determine any improvement since the publication of CONSORT guidelines. The chi-square test was employed to determine any statistical significant difference in quality of reporting of RCTs before and after the publication of the CONSORT guidelines. A comparison was also done to determine any statistically significant difference in quality of reporting of RCTs between the selected journals. Title, abstract, discussion and conclusion sections of the selected articles showed adherence to the CONSORT guidelines, whereas the compliance was poor with respect to the methodology section. The quality of reporting of RCTs is generally poor in public health dentistry journals. Overall, the quality of reporting has not substantially improved since the publication of CONSORT guidelines. Source

Koralakunte P.R.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Journal of oral science | Year: 2012

A study was performed to examine the correlation between maxillary central incisor tooth form and face form in males and females in an Indian population. The selection of prosthetic teeth for edentulous patients is a primary issue in denture esthetics, especially in the case of maxillary central incisors, which are the most prominent teeth in the arch. Two hundred dental students of Indian origin comprising 79 males and 121 females aged 18-28 years studying at Bapuji Dental College and Hospital were randomly selected as the study subjects. A standardized photographic procedure was used to obtain images of the face and the maxillary central incisors. The outline forms of the face and the maxillary right central incisor tooth were determined using a standardized method. The outline forms obtained were used to classify both face form and tooth form on the basis of visual and William's methods. The means were considered after evaluation by five prosthodontists, and the results were tabulated. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-squared test for association and Z-test for equality of proportions. A correlation greater than 50% was observed between tooth form and face form by the visual method, compared with one of 31.5% by William's method. There was no highly defined correlation between maxillary central incisor tooth form and face form among the male and female Indian subjects studied. Source

Hans V.M.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Journal of oral science | Year: 2011

Recent evidence suggests that polymorphisms in Fcγ receptors are associated with different forms of periodontitis. However, the FcγR genotypes and their allele frequency differ among subjects from different ethnic backgrounds. The aim of the present study was to determine whether specific FcγRIIa, FcγRIIIa, and FcγRIIIb alleles and/or genotypes are associated with susceptibility to generalized aggressive periodontitits (GAgP) in a South Indian population. Buccal scrapings were obtained from 60 subjects with GAgP and 60 periodontally healthy individuals, and DNA was extracted from each of the samples. FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of DNA with allele-specific primers followed by allele-specific restriction digestion of the products, whereas FcγRIIIb genotyping was done by allele-specific PCR. There was no significant difference in the distribution of the FcγRIIa H/R genotype between GAgP patients and healthy subjects, although significant over-representation of the R allele was noted in GAgP patients. With regard to FcγRIIIa F/V genetic polymorphism, the homozygous V/V genotype and V allele were significantly over-represented in the GAgP group, whereas the F/F genotype and F allele were over-represented in the controls. Furthermore, there was significant over-representation of the FcγRIIIb-NA2 allele and NA2/NA2 genotype in GAgP patients, and of the NA1/NA1 genotype and NA1 allele in the controls. These data suggest that the FcγRIIIa V/V genotype and/or V allele, as well as the FcγRIIIb NA2/NA2 and/or NA2 allele, along with the FcγRIIa- R allele, may be risk factors for GAgP in the population of South India. Source

Agarwal P.,Kmshah Dental College And Hospital | Nagesh L.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Contemporary Clinical Trials | Year: 2011

Objective: To assess and compare the effect of 0.2% Chlorhexidine mouth rinse, Listerine mouth rinse and 4% Tulsi extract mouth rinse on salivary Streptococcus mutans level. Methods: The present study is an experimental study of cross over type, employing Latin square design. 45 school children aged 14-15. years were divided into three groups/blocks. The baseline unstimulated saliva samples were obtained from each group and assessed for Streptococcus mutans counts. The study was divided in to three phases, each phase lasted for 8. days separated by a washout period of 15. days in between them. Groups A, B and C were treated with 0.2% Chlorhexidine, Listerine and 4% Tulsi extract mouth rinses respectively in the phase I. The study subjects were instructed to use the assigned mouth rinse twice daily for 1. min for 7. days. On day 8th the subjects were instructed to use the mouth rinse only once in the morning. The follow up unstimulated saliva samples were collected 1. h after the use of the assigned mouth rinse and assessed for salivary Streptococcus mutans counts. After phase I, mouth rinses were crossed over as dictated by the Latin square design in phase II and III. Results: All the three mouth rinses have individually shown a statistically significant reduction in the salivary Streptococcus mutans counts. When the three mouth rinses were compared the difference did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: Tulsi has stood the test and is as effective as Chlorhexidine and Listerine in reducing the salivary S. mutans levels. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Agarwal G.,Bapuji Dental College and Hospital
Compendium of continuing education in dentistry (Jamesburg, N.J. : 1995) | Year: 2012

Alveolar ridge resorption has long been considered an unavoidable consequence of tooth extraction and can be a significant problem in implant and restorative dentistry. Postextraction maintenance of the alveolar ridge minimizes residual ridge resorption and allows placement of an implant that satisfies both esthetic and functional criteria. Guided bone-regeneration techniques and the use of bone-replacement materials have been shown to enhance socket healing and potentially modify the resorption process. The prime indication for socket preservation is the prevention of alveolar-bone and soft-tissue collapse, which would cause unacceptable prosthesis esthetics. This review describes the rationale behind socket preservation, and the various techniques and materials used for extraction site grafting. Source

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