Banque de Tissus et Cellules

Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Banque de Tissus et Cellules

Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France
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Kinikoglu B.,Acibadem University | Damour O.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Hasirci V.,METU - MEMS Center
Journal of Artificial Organs | Year: 2015

Tissue-engineered oral mucosa, in the form of epithelial cell sheets or full-thickness oral mucosa equivalents, is a potential solution for many patients with congenital defects or with tissue loss due to diseases or tumor excision following a craniofacial cancer diagnosis. In the laboratory, it further serves as an in vitro model, alternative to in vivo testing of oral care products, and provides insight into the behavior of the oral mucosal cells in healthy and pathological tissues. This review covers the old and new generation scaffold types and materials used in oral mucosa engineering; discusses similarities and differences between oral mucosa and skin, the methods developed to reconstruct oral mucosal defects; and ends with future perspectives on oral mucosa engineering. © 2014, The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs.

Kinikoglu B.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Kinikoglu B.,METU - MEMS Center | Rodriguez-Cabello J.C.,University of Valladolid | Damour O.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Hasirci V.,METU - MEMS Center
Biomaterials | Year: 2011

Three-dimensional epithelial tissue equivalents tend to lose their self-renewing potential progressively during culture as their epithelial cells lose their proliferative capacity with time. Even though the tissue engineered construct can mimic the native tissue well, it rapidly degrades after implantation due to the insufficient number of proliferating cells in the equivalent. In the present study we demonstrate for the first time that the use of an elastin-like recombinant polymer (ELR) engineered to contain the cell adhesion peptide RGD can result in a 3D tissue equivalent with high self-renewing potential, containing as many proliferative cells as the native tissue itself. The 3D tissue equivalent was reconstructed by the coculture of human lamina propria fibroblasts and oral epithelial cells in the nanofibrous ELR-collagen scaffold. Histological, immunohistological and transmission electron microscopic analyses of this oral mucosa equivalent demonstrated the expression of markers characteristic of epithelial proliferation (Ki67) and differentiation (keratin 13), and also the presence of a pluristratified epithelium and an ultrastructurally well-organized basement membrane expressing laminin 332. The synthesis of new extracellular matrix by the fibroblasts was also demonstrated. The scaffold proposed here presents great potential for tissue engineering applications, and also for studies of epithelial proliferation, and epithelial disorders including carcinogenesis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Plantamura E.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Huyghe G.,Unite Microbiologie et Unite Produits Sanguins et | Panterne B.,Unite Microbiologie et Unite Produits Sanguins et | Delesalle N.,Unite Microbiologie et Unite Produits Sanguins et | And 4 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Banking | Year: 2012

Living tissue engineering for regenerative therapy cannot withstand the usual pharmacopoeia methods of purification and terminal sterilization. Consequently, these products must be manufactured under aseptic conditions at microbiologically controlled environment facilities. This study was proposed to validate BacT/ALERT®3D automated culture system for microbiological control of epithelial cell culture medium (ECCM). Suspensions of the nine microorganisms recommended by the European Pharmacopoeia (Chap. 2.6.27: ''Microbiological control of cellular products''), plus one species from oral mucosa and two negative controls with no microorganisms were prepared in ECCM. They were inoculated in FA (anaerobic) and SN (aerobic) culture bottles (Biomérieux, Lyon, France) and incubated in a BacT/ALERT ®3D automated culture system. For each species, five sets of bottles were inoculated for reproducibility testing: one sample was incubated at the French Health Products Agency laboratory (reference) and the four others at Cell and Tissue Bank of Lyon, France. The specificity of the positive culture bottles was verified by Gram staining and then subcultured to identify the microorganism grown. The BacT/ALERT®3D system detected all the inoculated microorganisms in less than 2 days except Propionibacterium acnes which was detected in 3 days. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the BacT/ALERT®3D system can detect both aerobic and anaerobic bacterial and fungal contamination of an epithelial cell culture medium consistent with the European Pharmacopoeia chapter 2.6.27 recommendations. It showed the specificity, sensitivity, and precision of the BacT/ALERT ®3D method, since all the microorganisms seeded were detected in both sites and the uncontaminated medium ECCM remained negative at 7 days. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Shalom-Feuerstein R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Shalom-Feuerstein R.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Serror L.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | De La Forest Divonne S.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | And 11 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2012

Approximately 6 million people worldwide are suffering from severe visual impairments or blindness due to corneal diseases. Corneal allogeneic transplantation is often required to restore vision; however, shortage in corneal grafts and immunorejections remain major challenges. The molecular basis of corneal diseases is poorly understood largely due to lack of appropriate cellular models. Here, we described a robust differentiation of human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) derived from hair follicles or skin fibroblasts into corneal epithelial-like cells. We found that BMP4, coupled with corneal fibroblast-derived conditioned medium and collagen IV allowed efficient corneal epithelial commitment of hiPSCs in a manner that recapitulated corneal epithelial lineage development with high purity. Organotypic reconstitution assays suggested the ability of these cells to stratify into a corneal-like epithelium. This model allowed us identifying miR-450b-5p as a molecular switch of Pax6, a major regulator of eye development. miR-450b-5p and Pax6 were reciprocally distributed at the presumptive epidermis and ocular surface, respectively. miR-450b-5p inhibited Pax6 expression and corneal epithelial fate in vitro, altogether, suggesting that by repressing Pax6, miR-450b-5p triggers epidermal specification of the ectoderm, while its absence allows ocular epithelial development. Additionally, miR-184 was detectable in early eye development and corneal epithelial differentiation of hiPSCs. The knockdown of miR-184 resulted in a decrease in Pax6 and K3, in line with recent findings showing that a point mutation in miR-184 leads to corneal dystrophy. Altogether, these data indicate that hiPSCs are valuable for modeling corneal development and may pave the way for future cell-based therapy. © AlphaMed Press.

PubMed | Banque de Tissus et Cellules, LabSkin Creations, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and University of Lyon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental dermatology | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of short non-coding RNAs capable of repressing gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. miRNAs participate in the control of numerous cellular mechanisms, including skin homeostasis and epidermal differentiation. However, few miRNAs involved in these processes have been identified so far in human skin, and the gene networks they control remain largely unknown. Here, we focused on miR-23b-3p, a miRNA that is expressed during the late step of human keratinocyte differentiation. We report that miR-23b-3p silencing modulates epidermal differentiation in human skin reconstructs. The SMAD transcriptional corepressor TGIF1 was identified on bioinformatic analysis as a potential target of miR-23b-3p. Expression analysis and reporter gene assays confirmed direct regulation of TGIF1 expression by miR-23b-3p. Finally, we showed that miR-23-3p was able to activate TGF- signalling in human keratinocytes by increasing SMAD2 phosphorylation through TGIF1 repression. Taken together, these data identify miR-23b-3p as a new regulator of human epidermal differentiation in line with TGF- signalling.

Auxenfans C.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Lequeux C.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Perrusel E.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Mojallal A.,Service de Chirurgie Plastique | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2012

Tissue-engineered autologous skin is a potential alternative to autograft for burn coverage, but produces poor clinical responses such as unsatisfactory graft intake due to insufficient vascularization. Endothelialized skin equivalents comprising human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) survive significantly longer due to inosculation with the capillaries of the host, but these cells are allogeneic by definition. The aim of this study was to reconstruct an autologous endothelialized skin equivalent by incorporating progenitor or pre-differentiated endothelial cells derived from adipose tissue, easily accessible source for autologous transplantation. Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells were isolated from lipoaspirates and amplified to obtain endothelial progenitor cells, which were subsequently differentiated into endothelial cells. These cells were then seeded along with human fibroblasts into a porous collagen-glycosaminoglycan-chitosan scaffold to obtain an endothelialized dermal equivalent. Then, human keratinocytes give rise to a endothelialized skin equivalent. Immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy results demonstrate the presence of capillary-like tubular structures in skin equivalents comprising pre-differentiated endothelial cells, but not endothelial progenitor cells. The former expressed both EN4 and von Willebrand factor, and Weibel-Palade bodies were detected in their cytoplasm. This study demonstrates that adipose tissue is an excellent source of autologous endothelial cells to reconstruct endothelialized tissue equivalents, and that pre-differentiation of stem cells is necessary to obtain vasculature in such models. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Kinikoglu B.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Kinikoglu B.,METU - MEMS Center | Rovere M.R.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Haftek M.,University of Lyon | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2012

The extent of the influence of mesenchymal tissue on epithelial development is still debated, and elucidation of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions should be of relevance for controlling normal as well as pathological growth and development. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the influence of the mesenchymal cell type on oral mucosa epithelial development in vitro, using tissue-engineering principles, by including three different sources for mesenchymal cell type, viz. oral mucosa, skin and cornea, each of them presenting a distinct type of epithelium in situ. We investigated epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, considering both morphological criteria and protein expression (filaggrin, keratin 10, keratin 12, keratin 13 and laminin 5). The results of the histology, immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy of the three types of tissue-engineered constructs composed of mesenchymal cells of different sources (oral, dermal and corneal fibroblasts) and of the same oral epithelial cells showed that the mesenchymal cell source had a significant influence on the thickness and ultrastructure of the epithelium, but not on the differentiation of oral epithelial cells, which might be an intrinsic property of these cells due to their genetic programming. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Thepot A.,Molecular Carcinogenesis Group and Epigenetics Group | Hautefeuille A.,Molecular Carcinogenesis Group and Epigenetics Group | Cros M.-P.,Molecular Carcinogenesis Group and Epigenetics Group | Abedi-Ardekani B.,Molecular Carcinogenesis Group and Epigenetics Group | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2010

TP63 gene is a member of TP53 tumor suppressor gene family that encodes several protein isoforms involved in the process of epithelial stratification and in epithelial-mesenchyme interactions. TP63 is amplified in a significant proportion of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (ESCC), resulting in the hyper-expression of δNp63 as the major p63 isoform. To better understand the contribution of this high expression to tumorigenesis, we have analyzed the impact of intraepithelial p63 expression on the expression of cell adhesion complexes in normal esophagus and in ESCC cell lines. Cells expressing p63 showed an adhesion pattern characterized by lack of tight junctions and presence of adherens junctions. Cell differentiation was accompanied by a decrease in p63 and by a shift to adhesion patterns involving tight junctions. Silencing of p63 mRNA in ESCC cell lines resulted in a similar shift, characterized by increased expression of component of tight junctions, decreased cell-to-cell communication and downregulation of cell proliferation. These results indicate that δNp63 may contribute to esophageal squamous carcinogenesis by maintaining cell adhesion patterns compatible with cell proliferation. © 2010 UICC.

Janin-Manificat H.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Rovere M.-R.,Banque de Tissus et Cellules | Galiacy S.D.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Galiacy S.D.,University Paul Sabatier | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Vision | Year: 2012

Purpose: To develop ex vivo organ culture models of human corneal scarring suitable for pharmacological testing and the study of the molecular mechanisms leading to corneal haze after laser surgery or wounding. Methods: Corneas from human donors were cultured ex vivo for 30 days, either at the air-liquid interface (AL) or immersed (IM) in the culture medium. Histological features and immunofluorescence for fibronectin, tenascin C, thrombospondin-1, and α-smooth muscle actin were graded from 0 to 3 for control corneas and for corneas wounded with an excimer laser. The effects of adding 10 ng/ml transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) to the culture medium and of prior complete removal of the epithelium and limbus, thus preventing reepithelialization, were also analyzed on wounded corneas. Collagen III expression was detected with real-time PCR. Results: Wounding alone was sufficient to induce keratocyte activation and stromal disorganization, but it was only in the presence of added TGF-β1 that intense staining for fibronectin and tenascin C was found in the AL and IM models (as well as thrombospondin-1 in the AL model) and that α-smooth muscle actin became detectable. The scar-like appearance of the corneas was exacerbated when TGF-β1 was added and reepithelialization was prevented, resulting in the majority of corneas becoming opaque and marked upregulation of collagen III. Conclusions: The main features of corneal scarring were reproduced in these two complementary models: the AL model preserved differentiation of the epithelium and permits the topical application of active molecules, while the IM model ensures better perfusion by soluble compounds. © 2012 Molecular Vision.

PubMed | Banque de Tissus et Cellules
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Artificial cells, blood substitutes, and immobilization biotechnology | Year: 2012

Oral tissue engineering aims to treat and fill tissue deficits caused by congenital defects, facial trauma, or malignant lesion surgery, as well as to study the biology of oral mucosa. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) require a large animal model to evaluate cell-based devices, including tissue-engineered oral mucosa, prior to initiating human clinical studies. Porcine oral mucosa is non-keratinized and resembles that of humans more closely than any other animal in terms of structure and composition; however, there have not been any reports on the reconstruction of a porcine oral mucosa equivalent, probably due to the difficulty to culture porcine fibroblasts. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of a 3D porcine oral mucosa equivalent based on a collagen-GAG-chitosan scaffold, as well as reconstructed porcine epithelium by using an amniotic membrane as support, or without any support in form of epithelial cell sheets by using thermoresponsive culture plates. Explants technique was used for the isolation of the porcine fibroblasts and a modified fibroblast medium containing 20% fetal calf serum was used for their culture. The histological and transmission electron microscopic analyses of the resulting porcine oral mucosa models showed the presence of non-keratinized epithelia expressing keratin 13, the major differentiation marker of non-keratinized oral mucosa, in all models, and the presence of newly synthesized collagen fibers in the lamina propria equivalent of the full-thickness model, indicating the functionality of porcine fibroblasts.

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