Kodjikian L.,University of Lyon |
Kodjikian L.,Matrix |
Couprie J.,University of Lyon |
Hachicha W.,CNRS Automation and Process Engineering Laboratory |
And 5 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
PURPOSE. To evaluate the in vivo toxicity and efficacy of previously developed poly-(lactide-co-glycolide)-vancomycin-based microparticles (V-MPLs) for eventual use for endophthalmitis prophylaxis during cataract surgery. METHODS. The intraocular vancomycin concentration profile was evaluated after V-MPL injection into the anterior chamber of rabbit eyes. The toxicology of V-MPLs versus MPLs alone was tested by corneal cellular counting and retinal histology. The prophylactic efficacy of the V-MPLs was evaluated by bacterial counts after introducing contaminated intraocular lenses (IOLs) together with the V-MPLs into one anterior chamber of phakic rabbit eyes or without V-MPLs in control rabbit eyes. RESULTS. Intraocular V-MPLs produced effective vancomycin concentrations over at least 6 hours. Corneal counts revealed no significant increase in dead cells. Retinal toxicity manifested as inflammation 3 hours after injection, reaching its maximum between 12 hours and 24 hours, decreasing by 48 hours, and completely disappearing at 72 hours. Inflammation was similar between V-MPLs and MPLs. Untreated eyes implanted with highly infected IOLs showed severe, reproducible endophthalmitis. No sign of infection was observed with infected IOLs and concomitant V-MPL treatment, supported by bacterial counts showing a significant decrease in colony-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis units in the anterior chamber and on the implant surfaces within 6 hours. CONCLUSIONS. The present study demonstrated the release and toxicologic properties of the authors' newly developed V-MPLs in vivo. In addition, the rabbit model shows that V-MPLs are effective in reducing the risk of experimental endophthalmitis. © Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. Source
Builles N.,Banque de Cornees des Hospices Civils de Lyon |
Janin-Manificat H.,Banque de Cornees des Hospices Civils de Lyon |
Malbouyres M.,University of Lyon |
Justin V.,Banque de Cornees des Hospices Civils de Lyon |
And 10 more authors.
We recently showed that the highly organized architecture of the corneal stroma could be reproduced using scaffolds consisting of orthogonally aligned multilayers of collagen fibrils prepared using a high magnetic field. Here we show that such scaffolds permit the reconstruction in vitro of human hemi-corneas (stroma + epithelium), using primary human keratocytes and limbal stem cell derived human keratinocytes. On the surface of these hemi-corneas, a well-differentiated epithelium was formed, as determined both histologically and ultrastructurally and by the expression of characteristic markers. Within the stroma, the keratocytes aligned with the directions of the fibrils in the scaffold and synthesized a new extracellular matrix with typical collagen markers and small, uniform diameter fibrils. Finally, in vivo experiments using a rabbit model showed that these orthogonally oriented multi-layer scaffolds could be used to repair the anterior region of the stroma, leading to re-epithelialization and recovery of both transparency and ultrastructural organization. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source