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Bankstown, Australia

Breach of the peritoneal cavity during totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernioplasty is not an uncommon event. If left unclosed, it can potentially lead to bowel obstruction. Primary repair of such a defect can therefore be very beneficial to the patient, however it doesn't necessarily prevent it. I present the case of an incomplete small bowel obstruction following elective TEP repair of an inguinoscrotal hernia with primary closure of the divided hernia sac. The lesson learned from this patient is to remain suspicious of any unusual (even mild) postoperative abdominal symptom that could be the first sign of an early complication, especially when the initial repair was presumably satisfactory. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

Putnis S.,Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital | Berney C.R.,University of Sydney
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2012

Inguinal hernia repair is the most common procedure performed worldwide in general surgery. Since the turn of the 21st century, the minimally invasive approach and in particular totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair has gained in popularity. The concept of the TEP approach combines the advantages of anterior tension-free mesh repair (Lichtenstein repair) and the open preperitoneal approach championed by Stoppa. TEP repair uses a prosthetic mesh significantly bigger than in open herniorrhaphy, offering a complete overlap of the myopectineal orifice. TEP repair is a challenging technique with unfamiliar anatomy, a limited operative field, and long learning curve. This article provides an experienced opinion on the practical aspects of the TEP approach. Some of these steps have already been discussed in the surgical literature, while others are the fruit of a personal expertise grasped over the years with more than 1,000 TEP repairs performed. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Links D.J.R.,Prince of Wales Hospital | Berney C.R.,Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital
Hernia | Year: 2011

Traumatic lumbar hernia (TLH) is a rare presentation. Traditionally, these have been repaired via an open approach. Recurrence can be a problem due to the often limited tissue available for mesh fixation at the inferior aspect of the hernia defect. We report the successful use of bone suture anchors placed in the iliac crest during transperitoneal laparoscopy for mesh fixation to repair a recurrent TLH. This technique may be particularly useful after previous failed attempts at open TLH repair. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Wong T.,Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital
Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association | Year: 2013

To explore clinical implications of overt diabetes in pregnancy on antenatal characteristics, adverse neonatal outcome and diabetes risk post-partum. Retrospective audit of prospectively collected data for all patients with gestational diabetes mellitus from 1993 to 2010. We defined overt diabetes in pregnancy as an HbA(1c) ≥ 8 mmol/mol (6.5%) or a fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, or a 2-h glucose level ≥ 11.1 mmo/L on a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test as a surrogate for a random glucose ≥ 11.1 mmo/l. Our audit identified 1579 women with gestational diabetes and 254 with overt diabetes in pregnancy. Women with overt diabetes in pregnancy were diagnosed earlier in pregnancy, had a higher number of risk factors for gestational diabetes, higher antenatal HbA(1c), fasting and 2-h glucose levels, higher pre-pregnancy BMI and higher insulin use and dosage requirements than those with gestational diabetes. Overt diabetes in pregnancy was associated with an increased rate of large-for-gestational-age infant, neonatal hypoglycaemia and shoulder dystocia. Of the 133 patients with overt diabetes in pregnancy who attended a follow-up oral glucose tolerance test at 6-8 weeks post-partum, 21% had diabetes, 37.6% had impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, whilst 41.4% returned to normal glucose tolerance. In this patient cohort, overt diabetes in pregnancy significantly increased the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and post-partum impaired glucose regulation, but should not be regarded as synonymous with underlying diabetes. Two-hour glucose following a 75-g glucose load is a poor predictor of post-partum diabetes. © 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.

McCluskey A.,University of Sydney | Vratsistas-Curto A.,University of Sydney | Schurr K.,Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital
BMC Health Services Research | Year: 2013

Background: Translating evidence into practice is an important final step in the process of evidence-based practice. Medical record audits can be used to examine how well practice compares with published evidence, and identify evidence-practice gaps. After providing audit feedback to professionals, local barriers to practice change can be identified and targetted with focussed behaviour change interventions. This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers to implementing multiple stroke guideline recommendations at one Australian stroke unit. Methods. A qualitative methodology was used. A sample of 28 allied health, nursing and medical professionals participated in a group or individual interview. These interviews occurred after staff had received audit feedback and identified areas for practice change. Questions focused on barriers and enablers to implementing guideline recommendations about management of: upper limb sensory impairments, mobility including sitting balance; vision; anxiety and depression; neglect; swallowing; communication; education for stroke survivors and carers; advice about return to work and driving. Qualitative data were analysed for themes using theoretical domains described by Michie and colleagues (2005). Results: Six group and two individual interviews were conducted, involving six disciplines. Barriers were different across disciplines. The six key barriers identified were: (1) Beliefs about capabilities of individual professionals and their discipline, and about patient capabilities (2) Beliefs about the consequences, positive and negative, of implementing the recommendations (3) Memory of, and attention to, best practices (4) Knowledge and skills required to implement best practice; (5) Intention and motivation to implement best practice, and (6) Resources. Some barriers were also enablers to change. For example, occupational therapists required new knowledge and skills (a barrier), to better manage sensation and neglect impairments while physiotherapists generally knew how to implement best-practice mobility rehabilitation (an enabler). Conclusions: Findings add to current knowledge about barriers to change and implementation of multiple guideline recommendations. Major challenges included sexuality education and depression screening. Limited knowledge and skills was a common barrier. Knowledge about specific interventions was needed before implementation could commence, and to maintain treatment fidelity. The provision of detailed online intervention protocols and manuals may help clinicians to overcome the knowledge barrier. © 2013 McCluskey et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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