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Ghosh K.,Malda Medical College | Chatterjee A.,Nilratan Sircar Medical College | Ghosh S.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Cerebellar ataxia is a rare manifestation of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Development of vasculitic infarcts in the cerebellum is the most plausible reason of this manifestation. We report the case of a patient who presented with characteristic skin rashes of lupus along with cerebellar signs. Imaging of brain in this patient revealed prominent cerebellar atrophy. She was treated with mycophenolate mofetil and oral corticosteroid, and there was no further progression of her neurological signs after the initiation of therapy. In the clinical context of varied presentations of neurolupus, this is one of the rare sightings and our treatment protocol holds promise as first-line therapy in future. Source

Khemka V.K.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Ganguly A.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Bagchi D.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Ghosh A.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | And 4 more authors.
Aging and Disease

The purpose of the present study was to identify the changes in the levels of proinflammatory cytokines like IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in peripheral circulation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects and to correlate these with associated depression and cognitive deficit. Fifty five AD subjects and thirty seven age and sex matched controls were included in the study. The AD patients were grouped as AD with depression (n= 31) and AD without depression (n=24). The serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined by immunoassay by commercially available kits. The serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were elevated in AD patients with depression compared to control (p<0.001) or AD without depression (p<0.001). The serum level of IL-1β was higher in AD patients with or without depression as compared to controls. Furthermore, a strong inverse correlation was observed between the MMSE scores and serum levels of IL-6 or TNF-α in AD subjects with depression. The study highlights the important role of peripheral IL-6 and TNF-α in AD associated depression and cognitive deficits. Source

Sadhukhan T.,University of Calcutta | Biswas A.,University of Calcutta | Das S.K.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Ray K.,CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute | Ray J.,University of Calcutta
Disease Markers

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative movement disorder. Among the candidate genes, DJ-1 accounts for about 1% of the cases in different populations. We aim to find the contribution of the gene towards PD among Indians. By screening DJ-1 in 308 PD patients of eastern India and 248 ethnically matched controls, a total of 21 nucleotide variants-including two nonsynonymous changes-were detected. p.Arg98Gln was identified in 6 unrelated patients and 2 controls while p.Val35Ile, a novel change, was found only in 2 unrelated patients. A SNP (rs7517357) was observed to be moderately associated with increased risk of PD (p< 0.05). The deletion allele (g.168-185del) of a known 18 bp del/ins/dup polymorphism was found to be over represented (p< 0.05) among older patients (> 40 years) compared to the controls (> 45 years). Two of the patients, also heterozygotes for PINK1 mutation, had more severe disease phenotypes, consistent with the reported interaction between PINK1 and DJ-1 gene products [19]. Our results demonstrate that up to 3.9% (12/308) of PD patients of eastern India harbor DJ-1 variants that should be explored further for any causal relationship with PD. © 2012-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

This report describes an unusual case of a woman who developed progressive hemiparesis, seizures and hemiparkinsonism associated with MRI and angiographic evidence of chronic venous hypertension in the contralateral cerebrum and cerebellum. In the absence of inflammatory or veno-occlusive disorders, the patient's clinical and neuroradiological findings point to a developmental disorder, such as a hemispheric venous dysgenesis, as the underlying lesion. Source

Das D.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Singh V.,San Francisco General Hospital
Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery

Haemorrhagic presentation of intracranial meningioma is rare, and meningiomas with both intraparenchymal hemorrhage and intraventricular extension have not been reported. An unusual case of a sphenoid wing meningioma that was treated with endovascular embolization alone is presented. Source

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