Bangur Institute of Neurosciences

Kolkata, India

Bangur Institute of Neurosciences

Kolkata, India
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Kaur U.,Banaras Hindu University | Banerjee P.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Bir A.,ICARE Institute of Medical science & Research | Sinha M.,Linköping University | And 2 more authors.
Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

Oxidative stress and inflammatory response are important elements of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, but the role of redox signaling cascade and its cross-talk with inflammatory mediators have not been elucidated in details in this disorder. The review summarizes the facts about redox-signaling cascade in the cells operating through an array of kinases, phosphatases and transcription factors and their downstream components. The biology of NF-κB and its activation by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proinflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of AD have been specially highlighted citing evidence both from post-mortem studies in AD brain and experimental research in animal or cell-based models of AD. The possibility of identifying new disease-modifying drugs for AD targeting NF-κBsignaling cascade has been discussed in the end. © 2015 Bentham Science Publishers.

Sadhukhan T.,University of Calcutta | Biswas A.,University of Calcutta | Das S.K.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Ray K.,CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute | Ray J.,University of Calcutta
Disease Markers | Year: 2012

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative movement disorder. Among the candidate genes, DJ-1 accounts for about 1% of the cases in different populations. We aim to find the contribution of the gene towards PD among Indians. By screening DJ-1 in 308 PD patients of eastern India and 248 ethnically matched controls, a total of 21 nucleotide variants-including two nonsynonymous changes-were detected. p.Arg98Gln was identified in 6 unrelated patients and 2 controls while p.Val35Ile, a novel change, was found only in 2 unrelated patients. A SNP (rs7517357) was observed to be moderately associated with increased risk of PD (p< 0.05). The deletion allele (g.168-185del) of a known 18 bp del/ins/dup polymorphism was found to be over represented (p< 0.05) among older patients (> 40 years) compared to the controls (> 45 years). Two of the patients, also heterozygotes for PINK1 mutation, had more severe disease phenotypes, consistent with the reported interaction between PINK1 and DJ-1 gene products [19]. Our results demonstrate that up to 3.9% (12/308) of PD patients of eastern India harbor DJ-1 variants that should be explored further for any causal relationship with PD. © 2012-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Das G.,University of Calcutta | Misra A.K.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Das S.K.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Ray K.,CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute | Ray J.,University of Calcutta
Neurobiology of Aging | Year: 2012

Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3B) and cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) are the 2 major protein kinases involved in abnormal phosphorylation of tau. To determine their potential role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) we analyzed 2 functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GSK3B (rs334558 and rs6438552) and rs735555 of CDK5 regulatory subunit 1 (CDK5R1) in 373 PD cases and 346 healthy controls of eastern India. The C,C and T,C haplotypes of GSK3B were respectively moderately associated with increased risk and protection for late onset PD (LOPD) (odds ratio [OR], 1.399; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.069-1.829; p = 0.015, and OR, 0.436; 95% CI, 0.222-0.853; p = 0.016, respectively). Moreover, moderate to significant interaction between different loci were observed for the entire PD cohort or late onset PD only. However, among these interactions, individuals carrying the (C/C) genotype at both loci (rs6438552 and rs735555) had almost twice the risk of developing PD than those without this genotypic combination (OR, 1.871; 95% CI, 1.181-2.964; p = 0.009). Thus, synergistic effect between the 2 major tau kinases, through these SNPs, appears to determine the risk profile for PD. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Das D.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Singh V.,San Francisco General Hospital
Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery | Year: 2012

Haemorrhagic presentation of intracranial meningioma is rare, and meningiomas with both intraparenchymal hemorrhage and intraventricular extension have not been reported. An unusual case of a sphenoid wing meningioma that was treated with endovascular embolization alone is presented.

Khemka V.K.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Ganguly A.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Bagchi D.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | Ghosh A.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research | And 4 more authors.
Aging and Disease | Year: 2014

The purpose of the present study was to identify the changes in the levels of proinflammatory cytokines like IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in peripheral circulation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects and to correlate these with associated depression and cognitive deficit. Fifty five AD subjects and thirty seven age and sex matched controls were included in the study. The AD patients were grouped as AD with depression (n= 31) and AD without depression (n=24). The serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined by immunoassay by commercially available kits. The serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were elevated in AD patients with depression compared to control (p<0.001) or AD without depression (p<0.001). The serum level of IL-1β was higher in AD patients with or without depression as compared to controls. Furthermore, a strong inverse correlation was observed between the MMSE scores and serum levels of IL-6 or TNF-α in AD subjects with depression. The study highlights the important role of peripheral IL-6 and TNF-α in AD associated depression and cognitive deficits.

Das D.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

This report describes an unusual case of a woman who developed progressive hemiparesis, seizures and hemiparkinsonism associated with MRI and angiographic evidence of chronic venous hypertension in the contralateral cerebrum and cerebellum. In the absence of inflammatory or veno-occlusive disorders, the patient's clinical and neuroradiological findings point to a developmental disorder, such as a hemispheric venous dysgenesis, as the underlying lesion.

Roy U.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Joshi B.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Ganguly G.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC), or Van der Knaap disease, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterised by macrocephaly that either presents at birth or develops during infancy. It occurs more commonly in some ethnicities where consanguinity is common, such as in the Agrawal community in India. This disease typically presents with a history of delayed motor milestones in affected children. MRI findings including leukodystrophy and subcortical cysts are hallmarks of the disease and yield the diagnostic clue in most cases. Several cases of Van der Knaap disease with classical features have been reported in the literature. We present a case of Van der Knaap disease with classical MRI features, including a few distinctly atypical characteristics in its epidemiological, clinical and electrophysiological attributes.

Bandlish D.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Biswas N.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Deb S.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice | Year: 2014

Introduction: Vestibular schwannomas constitute 8% of all intracranial tumors. A majority of vestibular schwannomas are sporadic and unilateral. Giant vestibular schwannomas are seen in our country due to the late diagnosis and long duration of symptoms before diagnosis. These giant schwannomas are challenging to manage as most of the patients are having brainstem compression. Materials and Methods: Twelve cases of a giant vestibular schwannoma were operated in our department between May 2011 and December 2012. Vestibular schwannomas with a maximal diameter of more than 4 cm were defined as a giant vestibular schwannoma. All the patients had a unilateral vestibular schwannoma. Performance status of all the patients were graded as per the Karnofsky performance score. Pre-operative assessment of 5 th , 7 th , 8 th and lower cranial nerve status was done in all cases. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting was done pre-operatively in all cases. All patients were operated through retromastoid suboccipital craniectomy and retrosigmoid approach. These patients were operated in two stages in two consecutive days with overnight elective ventilation in ICU. Ultrasonic aspirator and nerve monitoring techniques were not used. Results: Giant acoustic schwannomas can be safely resected completely by a staged resection on two consecutive days without any increased morbidity or mortality. This technique may be employed to achieve complete resection of such lesions without deterioration of facial nerve function in institutions which do not have advanced facilities like nerve monitoring or ultrasonic aspirator.

Pal S.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Sanyal D.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
Muscle and Nerve | Year: 2011

Introduction: Flaccid quadriparesis is a common neurological problem. Guillain-Barre ́ syndrome Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), generalized myasthenia gravis (MG), and hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HPP) constitute the majority of cases of flaccid quadriparesis. Few patients from any of these disease groups lack the cardinal clinical features. We established clinical marker(s) that might have significant discriminating power for diagnosis. Methods: Forty-six patients satisfied all of our criteria. Cases were evaluated clinically followed by laboratory and electrophysiological study, and, in selected cases, muscle histopathology. Results: Twenty-four patients had GBS, 9 had MG, 7 had PM/DM, and 6 had HPP. Jaw-opening weakness was found in 71.4% of PM/DM, 83.3% of HPP, and 4.1% of GBS cases. Jaw-closing weakness was found in 88.8% of MG cases. Conclusions: Presence of jaw-closing weakness pointed toward MG, whereas presence of jaw-opening weakness suggested muscle disease (PM/DM and HPP). GBS patients very rarely had jaw muscle weakness. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Bhattacharyya K.B.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences | Rai S.,Bangur Institute of Neurosciences
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology | Year: 2015

Tourette′s syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by multiple motor tics and vocal tics which occurs in the age range 5-25 years and the intensity of the symptoms changes with time. It is felt that at least two remarkable personalities namely, Dr. Samuel Johnson from England, a man of letters and the compiler of the first ever English dictionary, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart from Austria, one of the greatest musical genius of all time, possibly suffered from this condition. Tourette′s syndrome is often described as the classical borderzone between neurology and psychiatry and every neurologist wonders at the curious and fascinating clinical features of this condition. It seems that at least two remarkable personalities, Dr. Samuel Johnson, a man of letters and the first person to compile an English dictionary, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, arguably the most creative musical composer of all time, were possibly afflicted with this condition.

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