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Bangkok, Thailand

Bangkok University is the oldest and largest private university in Thailand, established 1962. Located in the central business district of Bangkok, the university expanded its operation to Rangsit campus in Pathumthani province to accommodate its rapid growth. Wikipedia.

Ariyabuddhiphongs V.,Bangkok University
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction | Year: 2012

This paper uses the social cognitive theory model to review the literature on older adult gambling, and related personal and environment characteristics. Results show that lottery is the kind of gambling most frequently played by older adults, followed by casino games. Older adults take trips to casinos to socialize, find excitement, and win money. Although prevalence estimate studies suggest that older adults exhibit the same gambling problems as other groups, studies on the impact of problem gambling show that older adults who gamble are also faced with health impairment, and social and psychological issues. Future research should focus on theory, prevalence estimates, longitudinal studies of the impact of gambling and problem gambling, online gambling, and cross-cultural research. Harm minimization methods may be used to reduce older adult gambling involvement. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

The Krabi Provincial Administrative Organization, in co-operation with the Krabi provincial government (southern Thailand), has since 2006 organized a conjoint street procession of the Chinese shrines in the province, in the course of their Vegetarian Festival, to a prayer at the Krabi City Pillar. Two heretofore unrelated rituals, one a popular Chinese custom, the other a cult of Thai civic religion, with roots in Indian Brahmanism, were thus amalgamated. The conspicuous conjoint procession, bringing together the discrete processions of numerous shrines dispersed throughout the province, transformed the character of the shrines' processions, and superimposed an encompassing Thai cosmography upon the localized cosmic images engendered by the festival rituals in the individual shrines. The spectacular event, featuring pierced or otherwise self-mutilating spirit mediums of the various shrines, made Krabi a potential competitor with the established centers of the festival, Phuket and Trang, for the patronage of domestic and Chinese diasporic devotees; but the 'gruesome' and repetitive character of the mediums' performances seems to impair the chances of the conjoint procession of becoming a major attraction for Western tourists. This article relates the context, process and consequences of this appropriation of a popular Chinese custom for a Thai civic cult and discusses it in terms of a comparative framework for the study of change in tourism-related festivals. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.

Yamasmit W.,Bangkok University
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) | Year: 2012

Twin pregnancies are associated with a high risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity due to an increased rate of preterm birth. Betamimetics can decrease contraction frequency or delay preterm birth in singleton pregnancies by 24 to 48 hours. The efficacy of oral betamimetics in women with a twin pregnancy is unproven. To assess the effectiveness of prophylactic oral betamimetics for the prevention of preterm labour and birth for women with twin pregnancies. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group Trials Register (31 January 2012), the Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 2), MEDLINE (January 1966 to 1 February 2012) and EMBASE (January 1985 to 1 February 2012). Randomised controlled trials in twin pregnancies comparing oral betamimetics with placebo or any intervention with the specific aim of preventing preterm birth. Quasi-randomised controlled trials, cluster-randomised trials and cross-over trials were not included. Two review authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and trial quality. Two review authors extracted data. Data were checked for accuracy. Six trials (374 twin pregnancies) were included, but only five trials (344 twin pregnancies) contributed data. All trials compared oral betamimetics with placebo.Betamimetics reduced the incidence of preterm labour (one trial, 50 twin pregnancies, risk ratio (RR) 0.40; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.19 to 0.86). However, betamimetics did not reduce preterm birth less than 37 weeks' gestation (four trials, 276 twin pregnancies, RR 0.85; 95% CI 0.65 to 1.10) or less than 34 weeks' gestation (one trial, 144 twin pregnancies, RR 0.47; 95% CI 0.15 to 1.50). Mean neonatal birthweight in the betamimetic group was significantly higher than in the placebo group (three trials, 478 neonates, mean difference 111.22 g; 95% CI 22.2 to 200.2). Nevertheless, there was no evidence of an effect of betamimetics in reduction of low birthweight (two trials, 366 neonates, average RR 1.19; 95% CI 0.77 to 1.85, random-effects) or small-for-gestational age neonates (two trials, 178 neonates, RR 0.92; 95% CI 0.52 to 1.65). Two trials (388 neonates) showed that betamimetics significantly reduced the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome but the difference was not significant when the analysis was adjusted for correlation of babies from twins. Three trials (452 neonates) showed no evidence of an effect of betamimetics in reducing neonatal mortality (RR 0.80; 95% CI 0.35 to 1.82). There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of prophylactic oral betamimetics for preventing preterm birth in women with a twin pregnancy.

Ariyabuddhiphongs V.,Bangkok University
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction | Year: 2013

This narrative review summarizes current knowledge on adolescent gambling for the period 1990-2010, assesses adolescent gambling behavior and person and environment predictors, and suggests directions for future research. The review includes 99 studies that identified their subjects as adolescents, children, youth, and students, and discusses adolescent gambling behavior, male and female adolescent gambling, and person and environment variables relating to adolescent gambling. Results reveal that most past research was conducted in Australia, North America, and Europe under the hypothesis of behavior as a function of person and environment variables. Future research should examine the mediated effects of person and environment variables, gambling cessation, gambling in other countries, and internet gambling. Intervention and prevention of adolescent gambling need parental involvement with parents not gambling themselves. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Krairittichai U.,Bangkok University
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet | Year: 2012

The progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is highly correlated with proteinuria. Previous studies have suggested that vitamin D treatment may reduce proteinuria and has the potential to delay the progression of renal disease. To evaluate efficacy of oral calcitriol to decrease proteinuria in type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) patients with DKD. In this 16-week, open label, prospective, randomized controlled study, 91 patients with T2DM with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) greater than 15 ml/min/1.73 m2 and urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPCR) greater than 1 g/g were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to receive either oral calcitriol 0.5 mcg twice weekly (n = 46) or without oral calcitriol (n = 45). The primary outcome was determined by the change of UPCR from baseline after 16 weeks of treatment of both groups. At randomization, the mean UPCR was 3.7 + 2.2 g/g in the calcitriol group and 3.4 +/- 2.1 g/g in the control group. The mean UPCR at 16-week follow-up was 2.9 +/- 1.7 g/g in the calcitriol group and 3.5 +/- 2.3 g/g in the control group. Percent changes in UPCR from baseline to the last evaluation in the calcitriol and control groups were -18.7% and +9.9% (p < 0.01) respectively. Patients with 30% or more decrement in proteinuria occurred 43.5% of the time in the calcitriol group and 11.1% in the control group (p < 0.01). The eGFR and blood pressure did not differ significantly between the two groups. No serious adverse side effects were noted in either group. Calcitriol treatment can reduce proteinuria in patients with DKD without serious adverse events.

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