Li S.-J.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
Li S.-J.,Bangbu Medical College |
Xie H.-W.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
Qian M.-J.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
And 3 more authors.
Molecular markers have been widely used in crop genetic improvement, seed test and genetic mapping. Of which, sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers are particularly popular for its diversity, stable reproducibility, and suitability for analyzing large number of samples. In this study, 500 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers were tested, and a set of SCAR markers comprising 37 pairs of loci-specific primers were developed from the DNA fragments ranging from 300 to 1000 bp which correspond to the stable, distinctive RAPD banding patterns. Using these SCAR markers, 59 hybrid rice combinations were assessed and distinguished into 58 subgroups at the similarity coefficient of 0.97 in a genetic clustering tree based on the allele diversities of the SCAR markers. Furthermore, 13 hybrid rice combinations were reassayed with 40 randomly selected simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to evaluate the effectiveness of these SCAR markers. SSR markers produced similar results to SCAR markers as the 13 hybrid rice combinations were completely separated at the similarity coefficient of 0.91 in the clustering tree established from SSR patterns. Taken together, SCAR markers prove to be effective tools for identifying and differentiating hybrid rice combinations. © 2012 China National Rice Research Institute. Source
Shi J.-H.,Bangbu Medical College |
Du W.-H.,Bangbu Medical College |
Liu X.-Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Fan Y.-P.,Bangbu Medical College |
And 6 more authors.
Objective: Accumulating evidence suggests that adiponectin plays an important role in the genesis of obesity and insulin resistance. Although it has been shown that glucocortocoids (GC) inhibit adiponectin expression in vitro, there exist discrepant results in vivo. In this study, we observe the effect of GC on the serum adiponectin level and adiponectin expression in white adipose tissue (WAT) in male SD rats. Methods: An obese rat model was made by a high-fat diet. Both non-obese and obese rats were randomly divided into normal saline (intraperitoneal injection with normal saline 0.2 ml/100 g day for 20 days, NS), a low dose GC group (intraperitoneal injection with hydrocortisone sodium succinate 5 mg/kg day for 20 days, LDG) and a high dose GC group, respectively (intraperitoneal injection with hydrocortisone sodium succinate 15 mg/kg day for 20 days, HDG). Serum adiponectin levels were detected by ELISA and the adiponectin mRNA level was assayed by Northern blot. Results: The serum adiponectin level significantly decreased after 80 days of the high-fat diet (P < 0.05), while it was not decreased after 80 days of the chow diet (P > 0.05). The serum adioponectin levels in both the non-obese and obese rats were significantly decreased after a 20-day GC injection period (P < 0.01). The adiponectin mRNA levels in epididymal fat after high dose GC injection, in both non-obese and obese rats were also decreased (P < 0.001). Conclusions: A high-fat diet decreased serum adiponectin levels in the rat. GC decreased serum adiponectin levels, and this might be due to inhibited adiponectin mRNA expression in WAT. High-fat diet and GC have a synergistic effect on inhibiting adiponectin expression in rats. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source