Li S.-J.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
Li S.-J.,Bangbu Medical College |
Xie H.-W.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
Qian M.-J.,College of Agriculture Science and Education |
And 3 more authors.
Rice Science | Year: 2012
Molecular markers have been widely used in crop genetic improvement, seed test and genetic mapping. Of which, sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers are particularly popular for its diversity, stable reproducibility, and suitability for analyzing large number of samples. In this study, 500 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers were tested, and a set of SCAR markers comprising 37 pairs of loci-specific primers were developed from the DNA fragments ranging from 300 to 1000 bp which correspond to the stable, distinctive RAPD banding patterns. Using these SCAR markers, 59 hybrid rice combinations were assessed and distinguished into 58 subgroups at the similarity coefficient of 0.97 in a genetic clustering tree based on the allele diversities of the SCAR markers. Furthermore, 13 hybrid rice combinations were reassayed with 40 randomly selected simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to evaluate the effectiveness of these SCAR markers. SSR markers produced similar results to SCAR markers as the 13 hybrid rice combinations were completely separated at the similarity coefficient of 0.91 in the clustering tree established from SSR patterns. Taken together, SCAR markers prove to be effective tools for identifying and differentiating hybrid rice combinations. © 2012 China National Rice Research Institute.