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Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University is the first and only medical university in Bangladesh. It is a public university, established in 1998. The university offers MD, PhD, MS, MPhil, MDS, Diploma and FCPS Courses. The vice chancellor is Prof. Pran Gopal Datta. Wikipedia.

Khondker L.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2014

Sebum production is stimulated by androgens and is the key in the development of acne vulgaris. Several investigators have looked for direct relationships between serum androgen levels, sebum secretion rate and the presence of acne. The presence of acne in prepubertal girls and sebum production in both sexes correlate with serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels. Although increased serum androgen levels correlate with the presence of severe nodular acne in men and women, these levels are often within the normal range in mild to moderate acne. This raises the question of whether there is an increased local production of androgens within the sebaceous gland of patients with acne vulgaris that leads to increased sebum secretion. Source

Kabir M.A.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2011

Several studies with probiotics have shown promising results in the treatment of IBS. One of the probiotics used was saccharomyces boulardii. This is a randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial of S. boulardii in diarrhoea predominant IBS and was carried out in the hospital of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from June 2004 to July 2005. Thirty five (35) patients were included in each of the control and study groups. The study group was treated with S. boulardii 250 mg twice daily orally for one month. Patients were evaluated before therapy, at the end of therapy and 30 days after end of therapy by a scoring system which included symptoms as well as personal and professional life. No significant difference between the two groups was found in any of the parameters evaluated on any of the observation days. S. boulardii treatment for 30 days in diarrhoea predominant IBS patients did not result in any improvement in this study. Source

Islam M.S.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2013

This prospective study was conducted in rheumatology clinic under the department of medicine of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from December 2004 to December 2005 to asses the efficacy, safety and compliance of subcutaneous methotrexate (MTX) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A total of 92 active rheumatoid arthritis patients according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria were recruited for the trial for six months. Among them 46 cases belonged to injectable MTX group and 46 cases belonged to oral MTX group. Mean±SD age of patients was 45.54±12.42 vs. 44.63±13.99 years in subcutaneous group and oral group respectively. In the subcutaneous group 41 were female and 5 male; in the oral group 34 were female and 12 male. Mean duration of the disease was 49.74 months in subcutaneous group and 49 months in oral group. RA test was positive in 35 cases in both groups whereas Rose Waaler test was positive in 19 patients in subcutaneous group and 14 patients in oral group. At 24 week, response rate of ACR 20 was significantly higher in subcutaneous MTX than oral MTX group (93% vs. 80%, p=0.02). Similarly ACR 50 response was significantly higher in subcutaneous MTX than in oral group (89% vs. 72%, p=0.03). ACR 70 response was not significantly higher in SCMTX group then oral group (11% vs. 9 %, p=0.72). Adverse effects were relatively less in subcutaneous MTX and most common side effects were nausea (37% vs. 63%), vomiting (11% vs. 30%), dyspepsia (29% vs. 48%), dizziness (4l% vs. 52%) and alopecia (72% vs. 85%). The results of the study demonstrated that subcutaneous MTX was significantly more effective than oral MTX at the same dosage in active Rheumatoid arthritis patients with no increase in side effects. Source

Akhter S.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2010

We assess the effect of maternal iron deficiency anemia (MIDA) on cord blood iron status, placental weight and fetal outcome [birth weight, APGAR (appearance, pulse, Grimace, activity, and respiration) scores and birth asphyxia]. We conducted a cross sectional analytic study on fifty hospitalized pregnant women and their neonates over a year in a teaching hospital in the capital city of Bangladesh. Serum and cord hemoglobin concentration [Hb] with ferritin values were determined immediately after delivery, placental weight, gestational age, birth weight, APGAR scores and birth asphyxia were recorded. It was observed that 36 percent of the pregnant women were anemic. Maternal [Hb] and serum ferritin showed a highly significant positive correlation (r=0.92; p<0.001) indicating that iron deficiency was the most dominant factor in the causation of anemia amongst them. The maternal [Hb] showed a significant correlation with placental weight (r=0.40; p<0.001), birth weight (r=0.35; p<0.001), APGAR score (r=0.52; p<0.001), gestational age (r=0.61; p<0.001) and birth asphyxia. Maternal serum ferritin also correlated positively with cord ferritin (r=0.94; p<0.001), placental weight (r=0.26; p<0.001) and birth weight (r=0.27; p<0.001). Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy had significant adverse affect on the foetal outcome. Source

Bulbul T.,Center for Communicable Diseases | Hoque M.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Background: Obesity has been declared an epidemic in many high income countries. In low income countries, the coexistence of obesity and underweight makes the situation more grievous. The priority is to explore the overall pictures of body weight status in low income countries and countries that are in transitional phase. Through this country wide cross sectional study we would like to capture the current body weight status among the school aged children, both in urban and rural areas in Bangladesh. Methods: We conducted a countrywide cross sectional study, from June to September 2009. By random sampling, we selected 10,135 students from 6 to 15 years from both the urban and rural schools. We categorized the students into overweight, obese and underweight by using the values for age and sex at +1SD, +2SD and -2 SD of Z scores of BMI respectively. Results: We observed among 6 to 15 year olds from both the urban and rural areas 3.5% were obese, 9.5% were overweight and 17.6% were underweight. The proportion of obese and overweight students were greater among the students from urban schools (5.6%, 10.6%) compared to the students from rural schools (1.2%, 8.6%) (RD = 4.3, 95% CI = 3.6, 5.0; RD = 2.0, 95% CI = 0.1, 3.1). The proportion of underweight students were lower in the urban schools (16.1%) compared to the rural schools (19.2%) (RD = -3.1; 95% CI = -4.6, -1.6). Conclusions: The rate of obesity and overweight is alarming among school aged children in Bangladesh. Overweight and underweight are coexisting which needs special attention to minimize the dual burden. © 2014 Bulbul and Hoque; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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