Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Timisoara, Romania
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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NCP-2014 | Award Amount: 1.78M | Year: 2015

The objective of the Net4Mobility project is to facilitate the transnational cooperation between the National Contact Points (NCPs) of the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA). The project aims to achieve the following two goals: 1) mutual support and thus raising the general standard of applicants (taking into account the diversity of the different actors) 2) to better inform the research and innovation stakeholders on funding possibilities in the MSCA and help them to improve their performance. Thus, ultimately our goal is to support research and innovation. As a synergy effect, the work processes of REA, EC and NCPs will be optimized and more effective. The project will help less experienced NCPs to improve their service so that their beneficiaries become more competitive. Less experienced NCPs shall be able to rapidly acquire knowledge from the community of MSCA NCPs. Net4Mobility has to raise awareness of MSCA funding possibilities in the non-academic and the academic sectors, especially for the new funding schemes or new modes in existing ones. The project will achieve these goals by the implementation of a wide array of measures, e.g.: - Trainings based on the needs of MSCA NCPs in particular with regards to the challenges of Horizion2020 - Twinning visits and Best Practice Meetings to tap into the already existing knowledge of MSCA NCPs - Communication platforms for the constant exchange and transfer of knowledge A number of public engagement activities and networking events with relevant stakeholders round up the projects activities. Net4Mobility relates to the Work Programme for MSCA 2014-2015 Call for Transnational cooperation among Marie Skodowska-Curie National Contact Points (NCP). The activities are tailored according to the nature of the area and the priorities of the involved NCPs according to the EC Guide on the NCPs principles for H2020

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: RUR-10-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

SheepNet is a thematic network project about practice-driven innovation to improve sheep productivity (number of lambs weaned/ewe mated): a critical component of farmers income and therefore of the sustainability and attractiveness of sheep farming. SheepNet will establish durable exchange of scientific and practical knowledge among researchers, farmers and advisors, through a multi-actor and transdisciplinary approach at national and international levels and by the broad involvement of European Agriculture knowledge and Innovation Systems. This will promote the implementation and dissemination of innovative and best technologies and practices for the improvement of sheep productivity. To maximize impact and ensure a wide coverage of different farming systems, SheepNet will bring together six main sheep producing EU countries, plus Turkey, and Australia, New Zealand, and every relevant EU network. The project aims to: produce a scientific, technical and practical knowledge reservoir through a combined top-down and bottom-up approach and the strong involvement of 45 innovative farms; foster cross-fertilization through multi-actors workshops at national and international levels, a broad and interactive participation of the sheep community via social networks and an interactive platform; develop an easily understandable support package of communication and learning material, web-based tools, interactive platform, designed to help both scientists and stakeholders and a strong interactions with the EIP AGRI Service Point will guarantee long-lasting and wide accessibility of the SheepNet results.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.1.2-03 | Award Amount: 7.69M | Year: 2012

BIOFECTOR is an integrated project that develops alternative fertilisation strategies by the use of various bio-effectors (BEs, plant growth promoting microorganisms and natural extraction products). BEs stimulate root growth, solubilise and mineralise sparingly available nutrients, or protect plants from abiotic and biotic stresses. Novel BEs will be isolated, characterized and applied in strategic combination with alternative fertilisation strategies that include organic and low-input farming, use of waste recycling fertilizers, and fertiliser-placement technologies. Bio-effectors addressed comprise fungal strains of Trichoderma, Penicillium and Sebacinales, as well as bacterial strains of Bacillus and Pseudomonades with well-characterized root growth promoting and nutrient solubilising potential. Natural extraction products of seaweed, compost and plant extracts, as well as their purified active compounds are also tested in various combinations. Maize, wheat and tomato are chosen as representative crops. Laboratory and European-wide field experiments assure product adaptation to divers geo-climatic conditions. Viable alternatives to the conventional practice of mineral fertilisation are developed, towards environmental friendly agricultural practice with reduced agrochemical input.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-EURAXESS-IU | Award Amount: 256.77K | Year: 2012

There are several obstacles to international mobility. Cultural differences are not the easiest to overcome as they are based on immaterial factors, not like getting a visa or a place to stay. A successful professional and social integration of the researcher into a new environment will turn him/her into ambassador of international mobility, and of EURAXESS. The project will identify actions to allow better integration of mobile researchers and will test these actions, before spreading them as good practice to the EURAXESS network, and to the countries of origin of the researchers by turning them into EURAXESS Impacte alumni. Based on a survey, the partners will identify 6 actions which will be implemented in the partner countries to a sample of researchers and to EURAXESS staff. Other High Education institutions will be associated to the actions. The partners will set up a feedback assessment form and get feedback from both researchers and EURAXESS staff. They will produce a guide for the use of the whole EURAXESS network, which will be presented during EURAXESS events. The partners will set up a network (Impacte-alumni) of mobile researchers who have attended project events who will then be in a position to promote EURAXESS throughout their careers. The consortium is composed of 6 partners, all committed to reflect, exchange and develop a skills program to integrate mobile researchers. All have experience in supporting international researchers within the EURAXESS network. They cover different regions within the EU and different challenges (cultures, research environments, clienteles). This will allow project members to test demands, needs and successful practices which can then be transferred to the EURAXESS network. The associate partner, Epigeum, is the leading publisher of high quality e-learning modules for researcher development. Vitae, the UK organisation which supports and promotes researcher development at national level, will act as a contractor.

Jianu C.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara | Chis C.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Food Control | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hygiene knowledge of food handlers of small and medium-sized companies in western Romania (the counties of Timis, Caras-Severin, Arad). 198 food handlers participated in this study, from the meat industry, dairy, bakery, catering, retail. The data were collected through self-administered questionnaires distributed during 2010, their drafting and development being based on the requirements of Romanian and European legislation in the field of food hygiene. The mean value of hygiene knowledge of the food handlers was 63.2% with a standard deviation (SD) of 17.6%. The level of knowledge was influenced by the level of education (p = 0.011) and the field of activity of the respondents (p = 0.000). The study reveals gaps related to microbiological risks, cross-contamination and temperature control, demonstrating the need for the retraining of food handlers. At the same time the findings underline the need to assess and improve the training programs used in the Romanian food sector. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Patruica S.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara | Mot D.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Bulletin of Entomological Research | Year: 2012

Maintaining bee colonies in a healthy state throughout the year is one of the main concerns of apiculture researchers. The phenomenon of disappearance of bee colonies is determined by several factors, one of which is bee disease. Due to the organizational structure of the bee colony, disease transmission is rapid, especially through infected food or via the nurse worker bees that feed the brood bees of the colony concerned. The practice of stimulating the bee colonies in spring using sugar syrup feeds with added prebiotic products (lactic acid or acetic acid) and probiotics (Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-14 and Bifidobacterium lactis BI-04) by using an Enterobiotic product (Lactobacillus casei), marketed as Enterolactis Plus, for three weeks, resulted in a significant reduction of the total number of bacteria in the digestive tracts of the bees, compared with the control group. By contrast, intestinal colonization with beneficial bacteria contained in probiotics products administered to the bees was observed. This resulted in an improved health status and bio productive index of the bee colonies studied. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.

Rashed K.,National Research Center of Egypt | Butnariu M.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2014

Methanol 70% extract of Bauhinia racemosa aerial parts was tested for antimicrobial activity against different bacterial and fungal strains and for antioxidant activity and also total content of polyphenols with phytochemical analysis of the extract was determined. The results have showed that the extract has a significant antimicrobial activity, it inhibited the growth of Bacillus subtilis and also it was highly active against Candida albicans suggesting that it can be used in the treatment of fungal infections. The extract has a good antioxidant activity, it has shown high values of the trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and polyphenol content while it has shown a lower value of oxygen radical absorbance capacity. Phytochemical analysis has shown that it has interesting phytochemical bioconstituents, include flavonoids, tannins and others, and the deep phytochemical study results in the isolation of methyl gallate, gallic, kaempferol, quercetin, querection 3-O-α-rhamnoside, kaempferol 3-O-β-glucoside, myricetin-3-O-β- glucoside, querection-3-O-rutinoside (Rutin). All compounds were identified by different spectroscopic analyses (UV, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR) and Mass Spectrometry (MS). © 2014 by School of Pharmacy Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.

Jianu C.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2012

There is an increasing interest for the wide array of hygiene products within the food product's safety policies. Alkaline and ammonium salts of β- alkyl (C 12H 25/C 18H 37) (7/3) polyethyleneoxy (n = 3-20) propionic acids (nonionic soaps), based on their fundamental colloidal properties of the adjustable hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance, ensure future favorable synergies (foaming/antifoaming/dispersion/micelle solubility, wetting/display, washing, emulsion, sequestering/coordination capacities), diminishing the consequences of water hardness for processing, emollient, antifungal competences etc. The main colloidal competences (surface tension, critical micellar concentration) within the homologue series of hydrocarbon and heterogeneous polyoxyethylene chains (n) were analyzed in this study.

Gergen I.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Harmanescu M.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara
Chemistry Central Journal | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of the paper is to assess by the principal components analysis (PCA) the heavy metal contamination of soil and vegetables widely used as food for people who live in areas contaminated by heavy metals (HMs) due to long-lasting mining activities. This chemometric technique allowed us to select the best model for determining the risk of HMs on the food chain as well as on people's health.Results: Many PCA models were computed with different variables: heavy metals contents and some agro-chemical parameters which characterize the soil samples from contaminated and uncontaminated areas, HMs contents of different types of vegetables grown and consumed in these areas, and the complex parameter target hazard quotients (THQ). Results were discussed in terms of principal component analysis.Conclusion: There were two major benefits in processing the data PCA: firstly, it helped in optimizing the number and type of data that are best in rendering the HMs contamination of the soil and vegetables. Secondly, it was valuable for selecting the vegetable species which present the highest/minimum risk of a negative impact on the food chain and human health. © 2012 Gergen and Harmanescu; licensee Chemistry Central Ltd.

Butnariu M.V.,Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara | Giuchici C.V.,Inspectorate for quality of seed and planting materials
Journal of Nanobiotechnology | Year: 2011

Background: The use of natural products based on aqueous extract of propolis and lycopene in the skin's protective mechanisms against UVA radiation was evaluated by means of experimental acute inflammation on rat paw edema. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the harmlessness of propolis - lycopene system through evaluation of skin level changes and anti-inflammatory action. The regenerative and protective effect of the aqueous propolis and lycopene extract is based on its richness in biologically active substances such as: tocopherols, flavonoids, amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, the chlorophyll pigment, all substances with strong antioxidant activity, that modify the oxidative stress, mainly by reducing the prooxidant processes and enhancing the antioxidant ones. These substances participate in the synthesis of prostaglandins and phospholipids components of cell membrane thus enhancing skin protection mechanisms.Results: The experimental systems offered a sustained release of the drug, in vitro, for aim eight hours. The prepared formulations aim did not reveal a deteriorating effect on tissues. They proved a better therapeutic efficiency Compared to standard suspension, they provided a better therapeutic efficiency coupled with extended time interval of tested parameters (24 hours). Preliminary examination of tissues showed that the experimental formulations did not irritate. Local application of propolis and lycopene aqueous extract nanoemulsion has a high potential both regarding its efficiency (the analgesic effect) and therapeutic safety.Conclusions: This study demonstrates that propolis and lycopene extract nanoemulsions, preparations contains active substances, can confer better therapeutic effects than those of the conventional formulations, based on local control-release of dozed form, for a longer period of time, which probably improve its efficiency and skin acceptance, meaning a better compliance. The information obtained in the present study suggests that administration of propolis and lycopene aqueous extract nanoemulsion is safe. The preparation can be useful for further preclinical studies lycopene embedded in aqueous propolis extract to be used in pharmaceuticals (targeted medical therapy). © 2011 Butnariu and Giuchici; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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