Faye A.,Bambey University |
Bob M.,Ministere de la Sante |
Fall A.,Ministere de la Sante |
Fall C.,Ministere de la Sante
Medecine et sante tropicales | Year: 2012
Member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) met in Alma Ata (8-12 September 1978) to define and advocate the implementation of primary health care (PHC) worldwide, above all, in developing countries, which had a real need to review their strategies for meeting the health needs of their populations. They did not suspect that 20 years later the vision they displayed would remain undeniably relevant. Here we examine the similarities and points of convergence of their declaration about PHC with the Millennium Development Goals that seek today to reduce poverty across the world. An exhaustive and analytic literature review was conducted to collect those similarities. Further analysis of the definitions, objectives, principles and recommendations of the Alma Ata Declaration and the Millennium Declaration reveals multiple dependencies and fundamental points of similarity between these two representations. Almost all states have pledged to achieve the eight MDG by 2015: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and develop a global partnership for development. The Alma Ata conference defined primary health care as essential health care, based on practical methods and techniques that are both scientifically sound and socially acceptable, universally accessible to all individuals and all families of the community, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and countries can afford at all stages of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination. It is an integral part of economic and social development. The following principles are involved in the achievement of both primary health care and the MDG: social equity, community participation, and intersectorality. Public health is an essential condition of poverty eradication and MDG achievement. Public health issues are central to the problem of sustainable development and must therefore remain the focus of attention. It is increasingly urgent to break the vicious circle created by the close correlation between environmental degradation, poor health, and poverty.
Ethnobotanic survey and pharmacological of the healing plants of the Senegalese pharmacopoeia in the treatment of snake bites [Enquête ethnobotanique et ethnopharmacologique des plantes médicinales de la pharmacopée sénégalaise dans le traitement des morsures de serpents]
Sow P.G.,Bambey University
Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien | Year: 2012
The bites of the venomous snakes constitute a medical, social and economic problem for the African, low-income rural populations and remote from health centers. The relatively high cost of the antivenomous serotherapy makes this treatment, today even, inaccessible to a major or to the quasi-totality of the African population. In Senegal, most of 8000 persons are bitten every year by a snake among which approximately 150-200 die from the consequences of these bites, mainly at the beginning and at the end of agricultural period. The use of extracts of plants with therapeutic aim is a current practice in African traditional medicine. The study was conducted between October, 2010 and January, 2011 and consisted in conducting a survey in three sites in three regions of Senegal: Dakar, Kaolack, and Kédougou, which were chosen on the basis of their accessibility and their important attendance rate by the patients presenting snake bites. The survey was conducted by means of questionnaires with intended opened answers, with tradipraticiens and chemists. Two families of plants were found to be used as well by the quack's and tradipraticiens than by the chemists. These families are all of the shru: (1) Annonaceae (four species): Anonna chrysophylla Boj., A. senegalensis the var. (Boj.) chrysophylla R. Sillans, the var latifolia Oliv. A. senegalensis, A. arenaria thonn; (2) Poligalaceae (one species): Securidaca longepedunculata. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Ka A.K.,Bambey University
SECRYPT 2015 - 12th International Conference on Security and Cryptography, Proceedings; Part of 12th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications, ICETE 2015 | Year: 2015
In 2005, Juels and Weis proposed HB+, a perfectly adapted authentication protocol for resource-constrained devices such as RFID tags. The HB+ protocol is based on the Learning Parity with Noise (LPN) problem and is proven secure against active adversaries. Since a man-in-the-middle attack on HB+ due to Gilbert et al. was published, many proposals have been made to improve the HB+ protocol. But none of these was formally proven secure against general man-in-the-middle adversaries. In this paper we present a solution to make the HB+ protocol resistant to general man-in-the-middle adversaries without exceeding the computational and storage capabilities of the RFID tag. © Copyright 2015 SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications. All rights reserved.
Cardiovascular risk factors associated with erectile dysfunction in the region of Dakar, Senegal [Facteurs de risque cardiovasculaires associés au dysfonctionnement érectile dans la région de Dakar, Sénégal]
Leye M.M.M.,Service de Medecine Preventive et Sante Publique |
Faye A.,Service de Medecine Preventive et Sante Publique |
Ka O.,Bambey University |
Seck I.,Service de Medecine Preventive et Sante Publique |
Tal Dia A.,Service de Medecine Preventive et Sante Publique
Revue d'Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique | Year: 2016
Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is often a reason for consultation revealing the existence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with ED in the Dakar region. Methods: A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from March 18 to June 2, 2013. The study population was composed of married male subjects who sought care at the Ouakam Geriatric and Gerontology Center and the Grand Yoff General Hospital. Erectile function was assessed with the International Index of Erectile Function using the simplified five-item questionnaire (IIEF 5). R 2.2.9 software was used for the logistic regression multivariate analysis. Associations were measured using the adjusted odds ratio (ORaj) with confidence intervals. Results: A total of 253 men were surveyed during this period. Average age was 16.7 ± 58.2 years, range 24-90 years; 47% were aged under 60 years. ED was diagnosed in 110 patients (43.5%). ED was considered mild (33.6%), moderate (5.5%) or severe (4.3%). ED was more severe in patients older than 60 years. Cardiovascular risk factors associated with ED were diabetes ORaj = 2.4 (1.24-4.68), sedentary lifestyle ORaj = 3.08 (1.69-5.61), and hypertension ORaj = 2.53 (1.33-4.81). Conclusion: These results should prompt health care providers to target patients with diabetes, hypertension and sedentary lifestyle for systematic ED screening as a routine practice in order to ensure early and effective care. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Camara G.,Bambey University |
Camara G.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Camara G.,University Gaston Berger |
Despres S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Lo M.,University Gaston Berger
Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle | Year: 2015
Epidemiological monitoring is implemented to foresee the consequences of events considered as risk factor of disease spreading and to suggest action plans for controlling its evolution. Thus, epidemiological monitoring system modeling mainly focuses on representing two encapsulated processes: the monitoring process having the epidemiological phenomenon spreading process as subject of study. In this paper, we focus on modeling and formalizing the monitoring process ontology. Such process ontology will provide reasoning capabilities. The building of this ontology allows us representing the execution of the monitoring phases, the launching condition of each phase, the resources involved in each of these phases, etc. Thus, it permits us to automate (in order to plan), supervise and control the execution of the monitoring processes. © 2015 Lavoisier.