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Balzers, Liechtenstein

Bloyce A.,Balzers Ag
Surface Engineering | Year: 2010

This paper describes duplex surface engineering applied to steels and surface engineering of titanium alloys, and their origins with the research group led by Tom Bell. It outlines the developments of the technologies from areas of research through to real solutions for real applications in motorsport components. © 2010 Maney Publishing. Source


Haubner R.,Vienna University of Technology | Kalss W.,Balzers Ag
International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials | Year: 2010

Diamond deposition on various hardmetal tools is widely used. For applications where the mechanical forces are low diamond coatings have long lifetimes, but especially for heavy duty applications the reproducibility of the diamond coating adhesion is not adequate. Wear and lifetime of diamond coated tools are determined by the diamond microstructure, the coating thickness, and the adhesion of the coating. The diamond substrate interface is important for layer adhesion, but in the case of diamond deposition on hardmetal tools, the interface can change during the diamond deposition. For this reason, surface pre-treatments are important, not only for a better diamond nucleation, but also to create a stable interface that allows good coating adhesion. The various aspects of different surface pre-treatments of hardmetal tools will be discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


A method of magnetron sputtering, comprises rotating a magnet of a magnetron with an angular frequency , and, during sputtering of material from a source of the magnetron onto a substrate, periodically modulating a power level applied to the source with at least a component comprising a frequency f which is a harmonic of the angular frequency of rotation of the magnet other than the first harmonic.


An apparatus for generating sputtering of a target to produce a coating on a substrate is provided. The apparatus comprises a magnetron including a cathode and an anode. A power supply is operably connected to the magnetron and at least one capacitor is operably connected to the power supply. A first switch is also provided. The first switch operably connects the power supply to the magnetron to charge the magnetron and the first switch is configured to charge the magnetron according to a first pulse. An electrical bias device is operably connected to the substrate and configured to apply a substrate bias.


A transport and handing-over arrangement for disc shaped substrates, comprising a carrier (

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