Baku, Azerbaijan
Baku, Azerbaijan

Baku State University is a public university located in Baku, Azerbaijan. Established in 1919 by the Parliament of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the University started with faculties of history and philology; physics and mathematics; law and medicine with an initial enrollment of 1094. The first rector of BSU was V.I.Razumovsky, a former professor of surgery at Kazan University. In 1930, the government ordered the University shut down in accordance with a reorganization of higher education, and the University was replaced with the Supreme Pedagogical Institute. However, in 1934 the University was reestablished again, and continued to work through the difficult years of World War II experiencing a shortage of faculty members.By its 40th anniversary in 1959, the University already had 13 faculties. The Azerbaijan Medical University and Azerbaijan State Economic University were both spun-offs of the original respective faculties at BSU.Among the graduates of BSU were two former presidents of Azerbaijan, Abulfaz Elchibey and Heydar Aliyev. The former graduated from the Faculty of Arabic Language and Literature, while the latter, who dominated Azerbaijan's political life for over 30 years, from the Faculty of History. Nobel Prize-winning physicist Lev Landau studied at BSU between 1922 and 1924. BSU is the only university from Azerbaijan Republic ranked by international ranking organizations, such as University Ranking by Academic Performance and currently ranks at 1951 in the University Ranking by Academic Performance . Wikipedia.

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News Article | February 15, 2017

Ovsat Abdinov, member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), died on 29 October at the age of 72, after a long illness. He was born in Belokan city, Azerbaijan, graduated from Baku State University in 1966, and defended his PhD thesis in 1972. It is impossible to overstate the impact that Abdinov had in the creation and development of high-energy physics in Azerbaijan. His wide knowledge, inexhaustible energy, talent in organisation and search for young specialists led to the creation of his own school in this field that serves as an example for future generations. Scientifically, Abdinov’s main interest was the theoretical description of hadron-nuclear interaction processes. He was the first to propose a hypothesis of the cluster formation in light nuclei, which was later experimentally proven. The laboratory he headed at ANAS Institute of Physics collaborated initially with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna and the Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Serpukhov, both in Russia, followed by CERN. The creation and expansion of relations between Azerbaijan and CERN paved the way for the participation of Azerbaijan scientists in the LHC, but this did not interrupt connections with Dubna: Abdinov was a staff member of JINR, deputy of authorised representative of the government of Azerbaijan Republic in JINR, and a member of JINR Scientific Council. The creation of Azerbaijan’s first Worldwide LHC Computing Grid segment also owes its thanks to Abdinov. Abdinov was a famous scientific representative of the Azerbaijan intelligentsia. He was an organiser and invited speaker at international conferences, a presenter of high-level reports and the winner of numerous research grants both in the former Soviet Union and in Azerbaijan. He dedicated almost 20 years of his scientific activity to investigations carried out within the ATLAS collaboration. We hope that his work will be continued by his scientific heirs and further benefit Azerbaijan high-energy physics. Malcolm Derrick, a long-time leader in the Argonne high-energy physics (HEP) division, passed away on 31 October after a long illness. Born in Hull, UK, in 1933, Malcolm received his BSc and PhD degrees in physics from the University of Birmingham. After working on the cyclotron at Carnegie Tech, he moved to Oxford University in 1962 to help establish a bubble-chamber group working at CERN. In 1963 he moved to Argonne National Laboratory to work on the 12 GeV ZGS synchrotron then in construction. While working on several bubble-chamber experiments with the 30 inch chamber, Malcolm’s main interest was in establishing a programme of neutrino physics using the 12 foot bubble-chamber then being built. He was spokesman for the first experiment using the deuterium-filled chamber, which produced several important results including the first measurement of the axial-vector form factor in muon neutrino–neutron quasi-elastic scattering. This result was verified by later BNL and FNAL experiments. Malcolm served on two occasions as HEP division director and was always a source of good career advice. He enthusiastically supported the division's collaboration with the University of Minnesota to build an underground detector to search for proton decay in the Soudan Mine in Minnesota. This resulted in a rich programme of neutrino physics with a series of multi-kiloton detectors and in new underground laboratories at Soudan, using both atmospheric neutrinos and Fermilab neutrino beams. The important physics produced by the MINOS programme is the direct result of these early experiments. After the closure of the ZGS programme, Malcolm initiated Argonne participation in two important experiments: HRS at the PEP collider at SLAC, where he proposed using the superconducting magnet of the 12 foot bubble chamber as the solenoid for the HRS spectrometer, and the ZEUS experiment at the HERA collider in DESY. Malcolm took sabbatical leave at University College London and later at DESY, where he served as physics chairman and oversaw such activities as physics publications. A gifted speaker, he served on several review committees and was a HEPAP member and an active participant in the Snowmass Conferences. He retired in 2006. Besides being a brilliant physicist, Malcolm had a knack for entertaining his guests with stories about his life and endless anecdotes about history and philosophy. His spare time was spent reading good books, fine dining and listening to classical music. Malcolm leaves behind his wife Eva and his many children and grandchildren. He will be missed by all who knew and loved him. Russian physicist Valery Dmitrievich Khovanskiy passed away in Moscow on 7 September. A veteran of Russian experimental high-energy physics and long-time leader of the ITEP team in ATLAS, he will be remembered not only as an energetic contributor to the CERN neutrino and LHC programmes, but also as an honest and principled person who loved science and life. Valery was born in Sverdlovsk in the former USSR, and received his PhD (for the study of cumulative effects in πN-interactions) at the Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (ITEP, Moscow) in 1969. Since then, his main scientific interests were in the fields of neutrino physics, novel particle-detection methods and hadron collider physics. In the first Russian accelerator neutrino experiment at the Serpukhov 70 GeV proton synchrotron (IHEP-ITEP, 1970–1978), Valery lead the detector construction and studied neutrino and antineutrino interactions to validate the then very young quark-parton model. In the late 1970s, Valery joined the CERN experimental neutrino programme at the SPS and PS, and became one of the senior scientists of the CHARM, PS-181, CHARM-2 and CHORUS experiments devoted to a systematic study of neutral currents, and the search for new particles and neutrino oscillations. From 1990 onwards, he participated in the ATLAS experiment. His group was active in the preparation of the Letter of Intent, working on the concept of radiation-resistant forward calorimeters, and, from 1995 to 2009, worked on the construction and commissioning of the ATLAS liquid-argon forward calorimeters, providing the major part of the tungsten electrodes. From 1995 to 2012, Valery was the leader of the neutrino-physics laboratory at ITEP. He served on the LHCC from 1992 to 1994 and for a long period on the Russian government’s commission on fundamental research. He was also one of the founders and lecturers of the famous ITEP Winter School of Physics. Valery had a vivid individuality and was invariably good humoured. His many pupils, colleagues and friends admired him and he will be very much missed. Edmund (Ted) Wilson, a well-known figure in the world of particle accelerators and former director of the CERN Accelerator School (CAS), died after a short illness on 3 November. The son of a schoolteacher in Liverpool, UK, he graduated in physics at the University of Oxford in 1959 and immediately joined the nearby Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. His first stay at CERN was in 1962–1963 and he returned in 1967 as a fellow, working in Werner Hardt’s group on the design of the booster for the new large synchrotron: the “300 GeV” machine, later to become the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). He became the right-hand man of John Adams in 1969, helping him to prepare the project for approval by CERN Council, which was given in 1971. He became one of the first staff members of the new “300 GeV laboratory” set up for the construction of the SPS. In 1973–1974, at the request of Adams, Ted spent a sabbatical year at Fermilab to work on the commissioning of the “main ring”, a machine very similar to the SPS. The lessons he learnt there would prove essential for the smooth commissioning of the SPS, for which he was responsible a few years later. Following the approval in 1978 of the bold proposal of Carlo Rubbia to turn the SPS into a part-time proton–antiproton collider, Ted started working on how to convert the machine from a synchrotron to a storage ring. He later worked on the design and construction of CERN’s antiproton complex: first the antiproton accumulator, to which a second ring, the antiproton collector, was later added. Ted was a natural and gifted teacher. During the days of SPS construction he ran a series of courses on accelerator theory for members of the 300 GeV laboratory, which evolved into the book An Introduction to Particle Accelerators. Following his appointment as CAS director in 1992, he was responsible for organising 25 schools, in addition to special schools in India, China and Japan. He also coauthored a fascinating book on the history of particle accelerators and their applications: Engines of Discovery, a Century of Particle Accelerators. On his retirement, Ted renewed his association with Oxford University by becoming a guest professor at the John Adams Institute of Accelerator Physics, where he taught and supervised students. He has helped to bring on a new generation of machine builders. Ted Wilson will be sorely missed by the world’s accelerator community. He will always be remembered for his impish smile and his dry sense of humour. He is survived by his wife Monika, his three children and five grandchildren.

Mahmudov K.T.,University of Lisbon | Mahmudov K.T.,Baku State University | Kopylovich M.N.,University of Lisbon | Pombeiro A.J.L.,University of Lisbon
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2013

The methods of synthesis of arylhydrazones of methylene active compounds (AHMACs) as well as the preparation and properties of their metal complexes are reviewed. Nuclearity, supramolecular arrangements and other features (e.g., solubility, redox potentials, catalytic and antibacterial activities) of the complexes can be controlled by the introduction of different substituents to the methylene active and/or the aromatic fragments of AHMAC and by variation of metal-ions used in the synthesis. © 2013.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2010-6.1 | Award Amount: 558.87K | Year: 2010

The project focuses on creating a nanotechnology platform at Baku State University through cooperation with nanotechnology centers in EU countries which is important for the development of research in nanoelectronics and photonics in the collaborating countries. The project addresses the increasing cooperation capacity between NanoCenter Baku State Uiversity and EU research centers in the area of nanotechnology. Activities have been designed in close co-operation between the three participants: the applicant and the two European universities. Coordination actions in the project will cover activities such as meetings, workshops, seminars, exchanges of researchers, exchange and dissemination of experiences, management of initiatives and joint solving of current research problems. During project implementation good networking relationships and joint research plans will be formed. The partners will continuously evaluate and develop the dissemination activities, negotiating, sharing experiences on meetings and learning best practices from other similar projects. During the whole project the partners will ensure the interactivity and effective cooperation so as to guarantee the adaptation of innovative new results.

Pashaev I.G.,Baku State University
Semiconductors | Year: 2014

This study is devoted to investigation of the relaxation of excess current in silicon α-NiTi-n-Si Schottky diodes subjected to either γ-ray radiation or local disturbance of the interface structure using a diamond indenter. A decrease in the excess diode current is attained using both thermal annealing and ultra-sound irradiation. Simultaneously, the parameters of solar cells manufactured from the above-mentioned Schottky diodes subjected to irradiation with γ-ray photons and to single or double irradiation with ultra-sound are studied. It is shown that, after the effect of the diamond indenter, the excess current decreases as a result of thermal annealing; however, a decrease in the excess current to the initial value is not attained. The photoelectric parameters of the studied solar cells before irradiation and after irradiation with γ-ray photons and after single or double irradiation with ultrasound show that ultrasonic treatment is more efficient than thermal annealing. © 2014, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Bybordi A.,Baku State University
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2010

The effects of NaCl salinity (0 and 200 mM) and NH4:NO 3 ratio (0:100, 25:75, 50:50 and 75:25) on the activities of antioxidant enzymes, viz. glutathione reductase (GR), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), were investigated in leaves and roots of canola (Brassica napus L.). Salinity caused a reduction in plant biomass. The biomass production of plants at 75:25 NH4:NO3 was lower than that of plants at 0:100 NH 4:NO3. The antioxidant enzymes exhibited higher activity in saline-treated plants. Changes in antioxidant enzyme activity caused by different NH4:NO3 ratios differed in leaves as well as in roots of canola. At 75:25 and 50:50 NH4:NO3 ratios plants showed higher CAT, GR and GST activity in leaves and roots, while POD and SOD activity was higher at 0:100 NH4:NO3.

Kasumova R.J.,Baku State University
Applied Optics | Year: 2012

The work presents a theoretical analysis of quasi-phase-matched intracavity interaction in the constantintensity approximation at frequencies summing with simultaneous regard for the losses and phases of interacting waves. An analytical expression for optimumcorrelation between interacting waves has been received. It is shown that, by the choice of optimum values of phase mismatch, pump intensity, and phase relationship, it is possible considerably to increase conversion efficiency in comparison with the noncavity case. The numerical estimation of expected conversion efficacy in conditions of an experiment is presented. © 2012 Optical Society of America.

Mahmoudi B.,Baku State University
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

The current study aiming at Lori goat population in Iran based on microsatellite markers was undertaken. Genetic variation at 13 microsatellite loci was examined in this goat. All of 13 loci (LSCV36, TGLA122, MAF64, oarFCB304, oarJMP23, oarAE133, BM121, BM4621, ILSTS005, ILSTS022, ILSTS029, ILSTS033 and ILSTS34) were amplified successfully. The objectives of this study were to assess the genetic variability among Lori goat populations. The genetic characterizations of this genetic resource are essential to conservation and breeding programs. The average number of alleles observed across the studied microsatellite loci was 7.00 and that of effective alleles was 4.70. The average expected heterozygosity values were 0.778. The mean polymorphic information content value (0.725) further reflected high level of polymorphism across the loci. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) had been tested based on likelihood ratio for different locus by POPGENE software. © 2010 Knowledgia Review, Malaysia.

Bybordi A.,Baku State University
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca | Year: 2010

In order to study the salinity stress effects resulted from sodium chloride on germination, vegetative growth, elements concentration and proline accumulation in five canola cultivars, two experiments were conducted. They were carried out in germinator and greenhouse at the Research Station of the Faculty of Agriculture in Baku State University. The first factor of the experiment was canola cultivar - 'Licord', 'Fornax', 'Okapi', 'Elite', 'SLM046', and the second factor was salinity stress level: 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM NaCl in a germination experiment and 0, 75, 150, 200, 250 and 300 mM NaCl in a pot experiment. The results showed that different salinity stress levels had significant effect on germination percentage, germination speed, shoot and root length. In the pot experiment there was a significant effect on plant height, leaf area, dry matter, elements concentration, proline accumulation and seed yield due to salinity stress. A significant effect of the cultivar was observed on investigated traits except leaf area. Increase of salinity level decreased all variables except sodium, chlorine and proline concentration. Sodium, chlorine and proline concentration were increased by salinity stress. The response of canola cultivars was different at germination and vegetative growth stages. In the germination experiment, the most sensitive and most tolerant cultivars were 'Elite' and 'Licord', respectively. However, in the pot experiment, 'Licord' cv. had least growth rate and yield than 'SLM046' and 'Okapi'. Significant differences between these cultivars were observed. It seems that the evaluation of germination properties is not useful for the assessment of salinity tolerance of canola cultivars.

Agaev S.S.,Baku State University
European Physical Journal C | Year: 2010

Constraints on the distribution amplitudes of the SUf(3) singlet η1 and octet η8 states are obtained from a comparison of the theoretical predictions for the ηγ and η′γ electromagnetic transition form factors with experimental data of the CLEO and BaBar Collaborations. In calculations of the form factors Fη(η′)γ(Q2) the power-suppressed corrections arising from the end-point integration regions x→0,1 are taken into account by employing the infrared renormalon approach. It is demonstrated that the power-suppressed corrections allow one to describe the data on the ηγ and η′γ transitions within a framework of the SUf(3) octet-singlet basis using one mixing angle for both the physical states and decay constants. © 2010 Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica.

Pashaev I.Q.,Baku State University
Semiconductors | Year: 2012

The cause of the appearance of an excess current near the crystallization temperature of the amorphous metal PbSb alloy is studied. The effect of ultrasonic treatment on the properties of silicon solar cells based on Schottky diodes with the amorphous metal (a-PbSb)-n-Si alloy is explained. It is shown that the appearance of the excess current in Schottky diodes (a-PbSb)-n-Si upon thermal annealing is associated with structural changes in the amorphous metal film during the transition to the polycrystalline state. The effect of ultrasonic treatment on the photovoltaic properties of solar cells depends on the chosen treatment conditions. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

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