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Allen Park, MI, United States

Baker College is an accredited, private not-for-profit American college in Michigan that was founded in Flint Township, Michigan in 1911. Baker College now has thirteen locations throughout the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. Baker is a career college, featuring more than 150 career programs within its system, although not all programs are available through all campuses. Baker offers certificates, associate, bachelor, master and doctoral degree programs in business, healthcare, human services, education, and technology. These categories include programs such as: nursing, teaching, interior design, architecture, automotive service technology, and computer and Internet technologies. It maintains a right-to-try admissions policy, and couples that policy with an extensive financial aid office to allow for a very broad base of traditional and nontraditional students.Baker is part of the Michigan Association of Collegiate Registrars & Admissions Officers Transfer Agreement, which provides for transfer of up to 30 semester credit hours to meet many the general education requirements at participating Michigan four-year colleges and universities. Credits earned at Baker typically transfer as elective credits. Baker College has a six-year graduation rate of 21.6%, which is on par with other open enrollment institutions. Wikipedia.

Sala A.L.,Baker College
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

While graduate level optics and photonics education in the state of Michigan has a rich tradition, college level programs that produce photonics technicians are virtually non-existent. Baker College has started the first two-year photonics program in the state in fall 2013. The program is leveraging support from Mi-Light, the Michigan Photonics Cluster; OP-TEC, the National Center for Optics and Photonics Education; and an NSF Project Grant awarded to the College. In its first year the photonics program has achieved important milestones-convening an Advisory Board with industry participation, developing almost the entire curriculum, and creating a fully functional optics and photonics laboratory. Outreach activities have also taken place. The paper will describe the steps taken to introduce the new program and the lessons learned along the way. © 2014 SPIE. Source

Schiamberg L.B.,Michigan State University | von Heydrich L.,Baker College | Chee G.,Michigan State University | Post L.A.,Yale University
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

Few empirical investigations of elder abuse in nursing homes address the frequency and determinants of resident-on-resident abuse (RRA). A random sample of 452 adults with an older adult relative, ≥65 years of age, in a nursing home completed a telephone survey regarding elder abuse experienced by that elder family member. Using a Linear Structural Relations (LISREL) modeling design, the study examined the association of nursing home resident demographic characteristics (e.g., age, gender), health and behavioral characteristics (e.g., diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease, Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs), types of staff abuse (e.g., physical, emotional), and factors beyond the immediate nursing home setting (e.g., emotional closeness of resident with family members) with RRA. Mplus statistical software was used for structural equation modeling. Main findings indicated that resident-on-resident mistreatment of elderly nursing home residents is associated with the age of the nursing home resident, all forms of staff abuse, all ADLs and IADLs, and emotional closeness of the older adult to the family. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Sala A.L.,Baker College
ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings

Mechatronics and Robotics have continued to grow in importance in recent years which has led many colleges and universities to start offering courses on these topics. A brand new technical elective course, "Introduction to Mechatronics", was offered for the first time in spring 2012 at the author's institution. While the course provides for ten weeks of instruction in Mechatronics, as an elective it does not reach a sufficient number of students. The author received a competitive grant internal to the institution for a project to infuse mechatronics and robotics concepts and applications throughout the engineering curriculum. The project was completed during academic year 2011-12. Several hands-on modules were developed for three courses in the engineering curriculum, spanning the entire freshman to senior experience. The modules were developed with "active learning" principles in mind, to ensure students' full participation in the learning process in the classroom. The author chose the affordable and now widely adopted LEGO Mindstorms platform to illustrate basic mechatronics concepts and applications. The targeted courses were the freshman "Introduction to Engineering and Design" course, junior "Kinematics" course, and senior "Dynamic Systems and Control" course. The modules were deployed in the three courses throughout the academic year, and were assessed using a variety of assessment tools including rubrics and student surveys. In end-of-course surveys students expressed satisfaction with the hands-on modules and suggested ways to improve the experience. The paper will present the modules developed for the three courses, including learning objectives, hands-on activities, performance results, and survey data. Conclusions and future plans will be addressed. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2013. Source

Ramachandra R.,Baker College
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

Sensory neurons transmit signals from various parts of the body to the central nervous system. The soma for these neurons are located in the dorsal root ganglia that line the spinal column. Understanding the receptors and channels expressed by these sensory afferent neurons could lead to novel therapies for disease. The initial step is to identify the specific subset of sensory neurons of interest. Here we describe a method to identify afferent neurons innervating the muscles by retrograde labeling using a fluorescent dye DiI (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate). Understanding the contribution of ion channels to excitation of muscle afferents could help to better control excessive excitability induced by certain disease states such as peripheral vascular disease or heart failure. We used two approaches to identify the voltage dependent ion channels expressed by these neurons, patch clamp electrophysiology and immunocytochemistry. While electrophysiology plus pharmacological blockers can identify functional ion channel types, we used immunocytochemistry to identify channels for which specific blockers were unavailable and to better understand the ion channel distribution pattern in the cell population. These techniques can be applied to other areas of the nervous system to study specific neuronal groups. Source

Sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) express a subset of voltage dependent sodium channels (NaV) including NaV1.1, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8 and 1.9. Previous work supported preferential localization of NaV1.8 channels to small-medium diameter, nociceptive afferent neurons. However, we recently published evidence that NaV1.8 was the dominant NaV channel expressed in the somas of small, medium and large diameter muscle afferent neurons, which is consistent with other reports. Here, we extend those results to show that NaV1.8 expression is not correlated with afferent neuron diameter. Using immunocytochemistry, we found NaV1.8 expression in ~50% of sensory afferent neurons with diameters ranging from 20 to 70 μm. In addition, electrophysiological analysis shows that the kinetic and inactivation properties of NaV1.8 current are invariant with neuron size. These data add further support to the idea that NaV1.8 contributes to the electrical excitability of both nociceptive and non-nociceptive sensory neurons. Source

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