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Macapá, Brazil

Muller C.B.,Bairro University | Weber O.L.S.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Scaramuzza J.F.,Federal University of Mato Grosso
Cerne | Year: 2012

The objective of this study was to evaluate carbon input in labile and stable fractions in an ARGISOL of northwestern Brazil under different land use systems. Use systems being evaluated include: forest - MA (reference), agrosilvopasture, TCP (teak, cocoa and pasture); agroforest, TC (teak and cocoa); teak forest at 8 and 5 years, T8 and T5, and pasture - PA. In each system three furrows were made at depths of 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm and 10-20 cm. An area consisting of native vegetation (forest) adjacent to the experiment was sampled and used as control treatment. The use systems MA, T8 and T5 had higher levels of total organic carbon (COT) and the MA system had higher levels of labile carbon (CL) than the other systems, with the exception of TC at a depth of 10-20 cm. In the MA system, COT levels were higher in comparison to use systems TCP, TC and PA while CL levels were higher than the levels observed in use systems TCP and TC. In most cases being analyzed, CL levels were lower than COT levels, therefore this trait can be used as an indicator to assess anthropogenic changes relating to the maintenance or condition of soil organic matter. Source


Junior J.A.S.,Bairro University | Gheyi H.R.,Federal University of Reconcavo da Bahia | da Silva Dias N.,UFERSA | Soares F.A.L.,Federal University of Goais | Nobre R.G.,Federal University of Campina Grande
Revista Ciencia Agronomica | Year: 2011

The availability of water of quality has become worldwide, a major constraint to expanding agricultural frontiers. Within this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of boron doses and irrigation with two types of water, wastewater and municipal supply water, on yield components of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cv. EMBRAPA 122/V-2000. The study was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal University of Campina Grande, in a randomized block design, analyzed in a 5 x 2 factorial with five B of boron (0; 1.0; 2.0; 3.0 and 4.0 mg L -1) combined with two types of irrigation water (R - wastewater and AB - municipal supply water) with three replications. Statistical analysis consisted of analysis of variance (F test) and means were compared by Tukey test to compare qualitative factors at 0.05 probability. It was found that the boron levels and types of water did not affect any varieble related to production of seeds, however, irrigation with wastewater variables positively influenced the fresh and dry leaves, stem and shoot all related to forage production. Source


Suassuna J.F.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Fernandes P.D.,Bairro University | do Nascimento R.,Federal University of Campina Grande | de Oliveira A.C.M.,FATEC | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012

Knowing the importance of the rootstocks for the success of the citrus crop and its influence on tolerance to stress factors, this study was conducted in order to evaluate tolerance of citrus rootstocks to water stress studying two factors: water management ('without stress' and 'under stress' and in this latter case, the irrigation was based on 50 and 25% moisture of field capacity) and rootstocks factor (10 citrus genotypes provided by Citrus Breeding Program of Embrapa Cassava and Tropical Fruits). A randomized block design was adopted with three replications and 15 plants per plot. Shoot, leaves, stem, root and total dry mass, root/shoot ratio, leaf weight ratio and relative yield were evaluated. Water deficit reduced the total dry mass and increased the root/shoot ratio in some rootstocks. Leaf dry mass is the most sensible variable in citrus rootstocks under water deficit. 'TSKFL CTTR x-017' has a significant capacity of tolerance to drought, with promising potential for use in areas under drought conditions. Source


In fish farmings, diseases can be reduced by using immunostimulants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunostimulant potential of Mentha piperita in tambaqui fed with 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% of oil per kg of commercial fish feed. The fish were inoculated with Aeromonas hydrophila to challenge them. Hematological and biochemical parameters were determined after 30 days of feeding and seven days after the challenge. There was no mortality and M. piperita oil did not influence fish production parameters. However, blood hemoglobin concentration (Hb) increased in the fish fed with 0.5 and 1.5% of oil per kg of diet; albumin increased in those fed with 1.0%; cholesterol increased in all groups with oil; and triglycerides increased in those fed with 0.5%. After the bacterial challenge, the fish showed decreases in Hb when fed with diet enriched with 1.5% oil per kg of diet, in mean corpuscular volume with 1.0% and in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration with 0 and 1.5%. Protein levels increased in groups with 0 and 1.5% of oil and albumin when fed with 0 and 1.0%; cholesterol levels increased in the control group; and high levels of triglycerides were observed in the groups with 0, 0.5 and 1.5%. Thus, M. piperita essential oil promoted hematological alterations in tambaqui and can be recommended in diets containing up to 1.0% per kg, because of the minimal physiological modifications caused. However, additional studies are necessary to obtain more information regarding to the physiological effects of this immunostimulant. © 2015, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia. All rights reserved. Source

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