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Jaenicke H.,Burghof 26 | Ghose N.,Winrock International India WII | Hung N.Q.,Fruit and Vegetable Research Institute FAVRI | The Anh D.,Center for Agrarian Systems Research and Development | Daniel J.N.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013

The 'Coalition to Diversify Income through Underused Crops' sought to improve access to market for resource poor farmers in India and Vietnam. Project activities included setting up farmer associations; training activities in various aspects of crop production, nursery management, post harvest handling and marketing; assistance with setting up community germplasm orchards and several events for farmer-to-farmer knowledge transfer. Early results show increased household income from better knowledge about production and use of a variety of crops and from better market opportunities thanks to new processed products, improved crop quality, certification and market penetration. The socio-economic background of the farmers in the project locations in India and in Vietnam determined to a large extent how far a product could be pushed along the market chain. Whereas diversification of crop production and improved household nutrition was more prominent in most of the (rural) Indian sites, improved market penetration of selected semi-industrialised crops was in the focus of the (peri-urban) Vietnamese sites.

Hegde N.G.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

Livestock is an important asset of small and marginal farmers in the Indian rural economy, however, its profitability is dependent on efficient feeding and marketing. Chronic shortage of feed and fodder resources during the last few decades indicates that most of the livestock were underfed. This shortage could be traced to growing livestock population, low productivity and less emphasis on forage cultivation by livestock owners. Neglect of community pastures and lack of concern for development of feed resources reflect on the performance of small ruminants. Owners did not show interest in feeding their animals due to low productivity. Sources of fodder for feeding livestock indicated that 54% of the total fodder was met from crop residues, 18% fodder from grasslands and only 28% fodder was from cultivated fodder crops. Breed improvement is the most critical factor for improving milk yield of cows and buffaloes in India and also for other species of livestock. Improved livestock will motivate livestock owners to feed better quality feeds and forages. While improving forage resources, it is necessary to address the opportunities related to production and efficient use of crop residues and increasing the fodder yield of cultivated fodder crops on agricultural lands and on wastelands and community pastures. Forage and feed development should be an integral aspect of the dairy and meat value chain to ensure proper forward and backward integration, necessary to optimize the production and profitability of livestock industry. There is a need to establish effective communication between scientists and poor farmers.

Rahalkar M.C.,MACS Agharkar Research Institute | Pore S.,MACS Agharkar Research Institute | Arora P.,MACS Agharkar Research Institute | Pandit P.,MACS Agharkar Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Marine Genomics | Year: 2015

Elstera litoralis, is a Rhodospirillaceae member which was isolated from the littoral zone of Lake Constance from a stone biofilm using diatom extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) as C source. We present here the draft genome of E. litoralis which has a genome size of 3.83. Mb and 61.2% G + C content. Genome analysis indicated utilization of multiple C substrates explaining its heterotrophic lifestyle as a bacterium present in natural biofilms. Further comparative genome analysis of Elstera with other members of Rhodospirillaceae would be helpful to understand the evolutionary relationships and divergence of hydrobacteria from terrabacteria. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-3.5-2 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2009

Two generations of top-down decisions on health financing systems have produced very modest results for poor people, poor countries or indeed for the major donors/funders. In most developing countries, including India, the lions share of health spending is made out of pocket. Impoverishment, low access especially for weaker segments of the population such as women and children and thus bad health status are consequences. Health insurance has the potential to remedy or at least reduce the severe consequences of unforeseen health care expenditures. Recently, a growing number of community based health insurance (CBHI) schemes emerge in India and other developing countries. It is expected that CBHI can (i) help mobilizing additional resources for health financing, (ii) provide financial protection and (iii) increase access to health care and hence ultimately the health status of the rural population. Community based health insurance represent the highest hope for extension of insurance amongst the poor, drawing on experience of many western countries and Japan. However, in order to make use of the scarce resources available and build systems offering value to the poor, it is important to have a detailed and evidence based understanding on how to build an efficient and responsive CBHI-system. This proposed project sets out to close the knowledge gap on aspects important for the successful implementation of CBHI. It does so through a set of controlled field experiments through which CBHI is implemented in villages of three states of India. Rigorous longitudinal research documents the learning and makes it available for replication elsewhere. We apply quantitative research along with in depth qualitative research and spatial data. It is the projects overall objective to: Use affordable, responsive and inclusive Community Based Health Insurance to increase: (i) Equitable access to healthcare and (ii) Financial protection.

Vijh R.K.,National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources | Vijh R.K.,BAIF Development Research Foundation | Gokhale S.,National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources | Gokhale S.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

Generally natural service is preferred over Artificial Insemination (A.I.) for breeding buffaloes in India. This coupled with lack of recording for productive and reproductive traits in field conditions becomes a major handicap in implementing genetic improvement programs in buffalo. BAIF Development Research Foundation -a NGO working for improvement of rural buffalo has been implementing buffalo A.I. program over more than a decade in the state of Uttar Pradesh (which has 25% buffalo population of India). In the present study >11000 daughters of 12 sires used in AI were identified and tagged at farmers' doors. The blood samples of 9775 daughters were collected and DNA was isolated. All the 12 sires used in the buffalo improvement program and their 9775 daughters were genotyped at 10 highly polymorphic microsatellite loci distributed throughout the genome. The resultant genotype at the 10 microsatellite loci of all the sire and their daughters were compared using a small software "Confirm Paternity" developed for the purpose. If the genotype of sire and its daughters matched atleast at 8 microsatellite loci it was assumed that the daughter belonged to the recorded father. A concession of 2 mismatches were permitted due to inherent technical reasons (addition of extra a by Taq polymerase in some of the PCR products and also the sizing of the allele is never a whole number). Out of 9775 daughters of these 12 sires, only 930 failed to meet the criterion while 678 daughters belonged to one of the 12 AI sires but had wrong recording of the paternity. This revealed a correct paternity of 83% under field conditions. Based on the findings, it was concluded if carefully implemented, farmers are willing to accept and rely on A.I. for buffalo improvement and it is possible to implement buffalo field progeny testing under Indian rural field conditions for their genetic improvement.

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