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Natcher D.,University of Saskatchewan | Kalagnanam V.,University of Saskatchewan | Rawal R.,BAIF Development Research Foundation | Johnston M.,Saskatchewan Research Council | Mamun A.A.,University of Saskatchewan
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology | Year: 2017

This paper presents the results of research conducted between 2009 and 2014 in the village of Khanda Sharol in the state of Rajasthan, India. Our research objective was to determine how the livelihoods of village residents have been affected by the intensification of forest use, and the resulting loss of domestic access to traditionally used forest resources. Results indicate that changes in forest cover have resulted in a loss of livelihood options for village residents. Yet rather than being victimized by environmental change processes, this paper shows how villagers have responded by partnering with public and private actors to develop a community protected forest area that is now helping villagers to meet their livelihood needs. These findings suggest that sustainable livelihoods in rural regions of India require committed and scaled approaches involving local, public, and private actors. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Jaenicke H.,Burghof 26 | Ghose N.,Winrock International India WII | Hung N.Q.,Fruit and Vegetable Research Institute FAVRI | The Anh D.,Center for Agrarian Systems Research and Development | Daniel J.N.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013

The 'Coalition to Diversify Income through Underused Crops' sought to improve access to market for resource poor farmers in India and Vietnam. Project activities included setting up farmer associations; training activities in various aspects of crop production, nursery management, post harvest handling and marketing; assistance with setting up community germplasm orchards and several events for farmer-to-farmer knowledge transfer. Early results show increased household income from better knowledge about production and use of a variety of crops and from better market opportunities thanks to new processed products, improved crop quality, certification and market penetration. The socio-economic background of the farmers in the project locations in India and in Vietnam determined to a large extent how far a product could be pushed along the market chain. Whereas diversification of crop production and improved household nutrition was more prominent in most of the (rural) Indian sites, improved market penetration of selected semi-industrialised crops was in the focus of the (peri-urban) Vietnamese sites.


Bhagat R.L.,BAIF Development Research Foundation | Gokhale S.B.,BAIF Development Research Foundation | Gokhale S.B.,Central Research Station | Chourasia A.K.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2012

An area of 5 Cattle Development Centres (CDC) covering 1690 beneficiaries in Parbatsar, Riyabadi and Mertacity tahsils of Nagour district of Rajasthan were selected to undertake the project from 2008-2011. The project activities involved artificial insemination at the door step of farmers using frozen semen of Tharparkar breed bulls, establishing demonstration of silvi-pasture on community land, training programme for cattle owners regarding improved animal management practices and monitoring progeny growth for impact assessment. To demonstrate the concept of silvipasture a model of 1ha was developed and available fodder sold on auction basis and animal owners appreciated the efforts. Basline survey results indicated that 33.49% animals were non descript and 0.17% population had Tharparkar breeds. These animals were targeted to produce improved progeny by breeding through use of semen from Tharparkar breed bulls (dam's milk yield 2600 to 2975 kg) which were selected and procured from Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Suratgarh (Ganganagar). Average body weight at 3 months was 46.96±1.49 kg and 43.51±0.88 kg for males and females, respectively. Body weight at 6-, 9-, 12-, 15-and 18-months was 81.64±7.37, 102.02±8.37, 111.23±7.52, 136.99±11.35, 155.11±15.07 kg, respectively, for males and 73.06±3.98, 94.02±7.47, 100.03±4.36, 121.94±5.86, 149.59±5.60 kg, respectively for females. The female progenies got pregnant during this project period at 20 months and another at 21 months of her age. These achievements could be attributed to the efforts of farmers and project staff through training and personal visits to door step.


Hegde N.G.,BAIF Development Research Foundation | Deo A.D.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

Small land holdings, low agricultural productivity and lack of employment opportunities, have compelled over 25% of the rural population in India, to live in poverty and livestock is a major source of their livelihood. In rural India, 33.014 million households keep goats; 70% of the 135.17 million goats are maintained by the poor for milk, meat, manure and emergency cash reserve. However, they have not been able to realise the potential of goat husbandry due to lack of veterinary services, financial support and market linkage. The only existing scheme of the Government of India during the XI Five Year Plan (2007-12), spent only 10% of the budget, due to poor interaction with goat keepers. In the absence of good extension network, new technologies could not be transferred to farmers.


Hegde N.G.,BAIF Development Research Foundation
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

Livestock is an important asset of small and marginal farmers in the Indian rural economy, however, its profitability is dependent on efficient feeding and marketing. Chronic shortage of feed and fodder resources during the last few decades indicates that most of the livestock were underfed. This shortage could be traced to growing livestock population, low productivity and less emphasis on forage cultivation by livestock owners. Neglect of community pastures and lack of concern for development of feed resources reflect on the performance of small ruminants. Owners did not show interest in feeding their animals due to low productivity. Sources of fodder for feeding livestock indicated that 54% of the total fodder was met from crop residues, 18% fodder from grasslands and only 28% fodder was from cultivated fodder crops. Breed improvement is the most critical factor for improving milk yield of cows and buffaloes in India and also for other species of livestock. Improved livestock will motivate livestock owners to feed better quality feeds and forages. While improving forage resources, it is necessary to address the opportunities related to production and efficient use of crop residues and increasing the fodder yield of cultivated fodder crops on agricultural lands and on wastelands and community pastures. Forage and feed development should be an integral aspect of the dairy and meat value chain to ensure proper forward and backward integration, necessary to optimize the production and profitability of livestock industry. There is a need to establish effective communication between scientists and poor farmers.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-3.5-2 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2009

Two generations of top-down decisions on health financing systems have produced very modest results for poor people, poor countries or indeed for the major donors/funders. In most developing countries, including India, the lions share of health spending is made out of pocket. Impoverishment, low access especially for weaker segments of the population such as women and children and thus bad health status are consequences. Health insurance has the potential to remedy or at least reduce the severe consequences of unforeseen health care expenditures. Recently, a growing number of community based health insurance (CBHI) schemes emerge in India and other developing countries. It is expected that CBHI can (i) help mobilizing additional resources for health financing, (ii) provide financial protection and (iii) increase access to health care and hence ultimately the health status of the rural population. Community based health insurance represent the highest hope for extension of insurance amongst the poor, drawing on experience of many western countries and Japan. However, in order to make use of the scarce resources available and build systems offering value to the poor, it is important to have a detailed and evidence based understanding on how to build an efficient and responsive CBHI-system. This proposed project sets out to close the knowledge gap on aspects important for the successful implementation of CBHI. It does so through a set of controlled field experiments through which CBHI is implemented in villages of three states of India. Rigorous longitudinal research documents the learning and makes it available for replication elsewhere. We apply quantitative research along with in depth qualitative research and spatial data. It is the projects overall objective to: Use affordable, responsive and inclusive Community Based Health Insurance to increase: (i) Equitable access to healthcare and (ii) Financial protection.


PubMed | National Center for Cell Science, CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute and BAIF Development Research Foundation
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pigment cell & melanoma research | Year: 2016

Vitiligo is a multifactorial acquired depigmenting disorder. Recent insights into the molecular mechanisms driving the gradual destruction of melanocytes in vitiligo will likely lead to the discovery of novel therapies, which need to be evaluated in animal models that closely recapitulate the pathogenesis of human vitiligo. In humans, vitiligo is characterized by a spontaneous loss of functional melanocytes from the epidermis, but most animal models of vitiligo are either inducible or genetically programmed. Here, we report that acquired depigmentation in water buffalo recapitulates molecular, histological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural changes observed in human vitiligo and hence could be used as a model to study vitiligo pathogenesis and facilitate the discovery and evaluation of therapeutic interventions for vitiligo.

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