Al-Shookri A.,Bahla Hospital |
Al-Shukaily L.,Bahla Hospital |
Hassan F.,University of Selangor |
Al-Sheraji S.,Ibb University |
Al-Tobi S.,Izki Hospital
Oman Medical Journal | Year: 2011
Objectives: The study investigates the dietary intakes of Omani preschoolers and associations with both socio-demographic characteristics and the mother's nutritional knowledge and attitudes. Methods: A sample of 154 parents of preschoolers completed a questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, a food-frequency questionnaire to assess children's food intake, nutritional knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating. Results: The results showed a lower dietary adequacy of children's food intake in mothers with low educational levels, high-ranked occupation, and lower levels of both nutritional knowledge and food related health attitudes. The highest food intake and healthy eating attitude scores were found in children of mothers with high education level and mother without a job. The association of the dietary adequacy with socio-demographic background can help the Omani healthcare decision makers to develop better-tailored nutrition interventions which are more suitable for the Omani community. Conclusion: The results from this study of mothers' nutritional knowledge and attitudes support the inclusion of knowledge and attitudes in dietary interventions. © OMSB, 2011.
Al-Maskari M.Y.,Muscat College |
Al-Shookri A.O.,Bahla Hospital |
Al-Adawi S.H.,Muscat College |
Lin K.G.,International Medical University
Saudi Medical Journal | Year: 2011
Objectives: To measure quality of life of type 2 diabetes patients in Oman, and examine which patients' socio-demographic and diabetes-related clinical characteristics are associated with better quality of life. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 200 diabetic subjects was conducted in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Al-Khod, Oman between April and September 2009. A short form of the diabetes quality of life questionnaire (DQoL) was used to elicit indices of quality of life on subjects (n=200) seeking consultation at the diabetic outpatient clinic. Socio-demographic variables, body mass index (kg/m) and clinical parameters relevant for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, including glycated hemoglobin A1c level, (HbA1c), were also sought. Results: The results show that patients with less than 5 years of disease duration and HbA1c less than 8% reported significantly better overall DQoL. Patients with HbA1c less than 8% showed significantly higher glycemic control satisfaction score. The same trend was observed in patients with less than 5 years duration of diabetes. Patients with ages less than 40 years have significantly better self care adherence scores and total score of QoL. Conclusion: Patients' reported moderate DQoL, which appears to be related to demographics, medical history, and management regimens. Patients with HbA1c less than 8% showed significantly higher glycemic control satisfaction score. Furthermore, patients who are less than 40 years of age have significantly better quality of life compared to other age groups.