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Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Bahir Dar University is a university in the city of Bahir Dar, the capital of the Amhara National Regional State in Ethiopia. The University is a combination of two smaller institutes formed earlier, after the departments were gradually raised to a degree level starting from 1996. Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-39-2015 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2016

its4land delivers an innovative suite of land tenure recording tools that responds to sub Saharan Africas immense challenge to rapidly and cheaply map millions of unrecognized land rights in the region. ICT innovation will play a key role. Existing approaches have failed: disputes abound, investment is impeded, and the communitys poorest lose out. its4land reinforces strategic collaboration between the EU and East Africa via a scalable and transferrable ICT solution. Established local, national, and international partnerships drive the project results beyond R&D into the commercial realm. its4land combines an innovation process with emerging geospatial technologies, including smart sketchmaps, UAVs, automated feature extraction, and geocloud services, to deliver land recording services that are end-user responsive, market driven, and fit-for-purpose. The transdisciplinary work also develops supportive models for governance, capacity development, and business capitalization. Gender sensitive analysis and design is also incorporated. Set in the East African development hotbeds of Rwanda, Kenya, and Ethiopia, its4land falls within TRL 5-7: 3 major phases host 8 work packages that enable contextualization, design, and eventual land sector transformation. In line with Living Labs thinking, localized pilots and demonstrations are embedded in the design process. The experienced consortium is multi-sectorial, multi-national, and multidisciplinary. It includes SMEs and researchers from 3 EU countries and 3 East African countries: the necessary complementary skills and expertise is delivered. Responses to the range of barriers are prepared: strong networks across East Africa are key in mitigation. The tailored project management plan ensures clear milestones and deliverables, and supports result dissemination and exploitation: specific work packages and roles focus on the latter.

Ahemad M.,Aligarh Muslim University | Ahemad M.,Bahir Dar University
Folia Microbiologica | Year: 2014

Chromium pollution is increasing incessantly due to continuing industrialization. Of various oxidation states, Cr6+ is very toxic due to its carcinogenic and mutagenic nature. It also has deleterious effects on different microorganisms as well as on plants. Many species of bacteria thriving in the Cr6+-contaminated environments have evolved novel strategies to cope with Cr6+ toxicity. Generally, decreased uptake or exclusion of Cr6+ compounds through the membranes, biosorption, and the upregulation of genes associated with oxidative stress response are some of the resistance mechanisms in bacterial cells to overcome the Cr6+ stress. In addition, bacterial Cr6+ reduction into Cr3+ is also a mechanism of specific significance as it transforms toxic and mobile chromium derivatives into reduced species which are innocuous and immobile. Ecologically, the bacterial trait of reductive immobilization of Cr6+ derivatives is of great advantage in bioremediation. The present review is an effort to underline the bacterial resistance and reducing mechanisms to Cr6+ compounds with recent development in order to garner a broad perspective. © 2014 Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. Source

Geremedhin W.,Addis Ababa Institute of Technology | Amare M.,Bahir Dar University | Admassie S.,Addis Ababa Institute of Technology
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2013

A simple, inexpensive and highly sensitive electrochemical method for the detection of fenitrothion in tap water and human urine was developed using electrochemically pretreated glassy carbon electrode. Compared to untreated glassy carbon electrode, the electrochemically pretreated glassy carbon electrode showed a significantly enhanced peak current and peak potential shift indicating its catalytic activity towards fenitrothion reduction. Cyclic voltammetry was used to study the effect of pH, the dependence of peak current and peak potential on scan rate and to extract kinetic parameters (n, α, ks, Γ, E0 and ΔEpc,1/2). The peak current showed linear dependence on the concentration of fenitrothion with a linear regression equation, correlation coefficient (R2) and limit of detection (LoD) of Ipc (μA) = 0.796 C (μM) - 0.043, R 2 = 0.9972 and 7.8 × 10-8 M (S/N = 3), respectively. Recoveries in the range 93.3-96.7% from spiked tap water and 85.73-93.3% from human urine signified the applicability of the developed method for determination of fenitrothion in environmental samples. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global public health problem both in hospital and community acquired infections. The present study assessed the knowledge and beliefs on AMR among physicians and nurses in 13 hospitals in Amhara region, Ethiopia, which is a low-income country. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was applied. A total of 385 participants (175 physicians and 210 nurses) took part in the study. Sixty five percent of physicians and 98% of nurses replied that they need training on antimicrobial stewardship. Only 48% of physicians and 22.8% of nurses had exposures for local antibiogram data. Overall, 278 (72.2%) of participants were knowledgeable about AMR. Majority of participants agreed or strongly agreed AMR as worldwide and national problem but few considered AMR as problem in their own hospitals. The two most important factors mentioned for AMR development were patients' poor adherence to prescribed antimicrobials (86%) and overuse of antibiotics (80.5%). The most leading local factors identified for AMR development were: self-antibiotic prescription (53.5%), lack of access to local antibiogram data (12.3%) and prescriber poor awareness about AMR (9.2%). Factors perceived for excessive antibiotic prescriptions were: patient drive (56%), treatment failure (79%), unknown febrile illnesses (39.7%) and upper respiratory tract infections (33.4%). Majority of physicians and nurses lack up to-date knowledge on AMR. Unavailability of local antibiogram data, self-prescription by patients and poor awareness on AMR are areas of interventions for prevention and control of AMR. Source

Agimass F.,Bahir Dar University | Mekonnen A.,Addis Ababa Institute of Technology
Ecological Economics | Year: 2011

In this paper, choice experiment was applied for valuation of Lake Tana's fishery and watershed. Two attributes - fishing control and lake side plantation - were identified as relevant attributes for the choice experiment. A monetary attribute - payment for fishing permit was also included. Multinomial and random parameter logit models were used for estimation. All the attributes included were significant factors in affecting the probability of choosing an alternative scenario. The results suggest that fishermen were more concerned about fishing control as reflected by the higher value they give to fishing control than lake side plantation. Household income, years of education, and family size were found to be significant. The economic welfare measures we calculated for two scenarios show that fishermen were willing to pay 57 birr (US$5.3)) per month for a moderate improvement scenario and 93 birr (US$8.6) per month for an aggressive scenario for the two attributes. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

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