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Multān, Pakistan

Khan S.H.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Butt M.S.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Sharif M.K.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Sameen A.,National University of Sciences and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

Protein isolates extracted from differently stabilized rice bran were analyzed to work out the food use potential. Bulk density remained higher for isolates obtained from heat stabilized bran, the treatments were found to have positive impact on the oil absorption properties, while the water absorption was slightly impaired owing to some possible configurational changes. Surface hydrophobicity and emulsion properties were improved with bran stabilization. Isolates exhibited better foaming properties owing to the flexible nature of protein molecules, with less intensive disulfide bonding, that were slightly affected by the stabilization treatment. Nitrogen solubility index followed a curved pattern with the least value near isoelectric point that showed an increasing trend toward basic pH, and parboiled protein isolates exhibited better gelling properties among the isolates. © 2011 American Chemical Society. Source


Akhtar M.S.,Islamia University of Bahawalpur | Farooq A.A.,Bahaud Din Zikriya University | Lodhi L.A.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Hayat C.S.,Bahaud Din Zikriya University | Aziz M.,Buffalo Research Institute
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

The present study was accomplished on with the objective to determine the effectiveness of various ethno-veterinary practices for the treatments of anoestrus in Nili-Ravi buffalo and to compare them with hormonal treatment. A total of 60 Nili-Ravi buffalo with the history of anoestrus maintained at Buffalo Research Institute, Pattoki, District Kasur were divided into four groups (A, B, C, D). Group A (n=15) was given orally 800 grams lens esculents moench daily for three days where as group B (n=15) was given orally about 15 grams of randia dumetorum daily for four days. Group C (n=15) was given a single intra-muscular injection of GnRH at the dose rate of 100 μg where as group D (n=15) was given no treatment and served as control. The blood samples from each buffalo were collected before the start of treatments and after the treatments, samples were taken after every three days interval from all experimental buffaloes for progesterone (P4) estimation. In group A, the percentage of buffaloes showing estrus was 46.66% whereas in animals of group B, the respective value was 66.66%. The percentage of buffaloes exhibiting estrus in group C was 73.33% and in the control group (group D) was zero %. The estrus showing animals percentages were higher with GnRH treatment than lens esculents moench and randia dumetorum treated buffaloes. In all four groups, serum progesterone concentration was below 0.25 ng/ml before the start of treatments. At estrus, the progesterone concentration was 0.33, 0.34 and 0.38 in animals of group A, B and C respectively. It was concluded that the use of GnRH treatment is more effective as compared to lens esculents moench and randia dumetorum for the treatment of anoestrus buffaloes. Source


Akhtar M.S.,Islamia University of Bahawalpur | Farooq A.A.,Bahaud Din Zikriya University | Lodhi L.A.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Hayat C.S.,Bahaud Din Zikriya University | Aziz M.M.,Buffalo Research Institute
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2010

The aim of present study was to determine the changes of sodium, potassium, chloride, copper, and zinc in serum of Nili-Ravi buffalo during pregnancy and lactation. The study was carried out on 25 Nili-Ravi buffaloes during March 2008 to February 2009 at Buffalo Research Institute, Pattoki, District Kasur. Blood samples were taken from each buffalo during early pregnancy (Phase EP), i.e., between 1 and 3 months gestation, mid pregnancy (Phase MP), i.e., between 4 and 6 months gestation, late pregnancy (Phase LP), i.e., between 7 and 10 months gestation, and during lactation (Phase LT). Serum sodium, potassium, and chloride were determined on a clinical chemistry analyzer whereas copper and zinc were determined on an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean serum sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations varied non-significantly (P >0.05) during pregnancy and lactation. With advancing pregnancy, copper increased and was significantly high (P < 0.05) during late pregnancy whereas during lactation copper concentrations dropped significantly (P < 0.05). The zinc concentrations increased non-significantly during early and mid pregnancy. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) in zinc concentrations during lactation compared with late pregnancy. This study demonstrates that concentrations of serum sodium, potassium, and chloride remain unchanged during pregnancy and lactation whereas serum copper concentrations increased and zinc concentrations decreased with advancing pregnancy because of the demand of the fetus at different periods of pregnancy. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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