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Sinescu C.,Bagdasar Arseni Emergency Hospital
Journal of medicine and life | Year: 2010

Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome characterized by high prevalence in society, frequent hospitalization, reduced quality of life and high mortality (overall, 50% of patients are dead at an interval of 4 years, annual mortality varying from 5% to 75%). Outcomes in heart failure are highly variable, prognosis of individual patients differs considerably and trial data, though valuable, does not often give an adequate direction. Taking into account the high prevalence of heart failure in society and its complexity physicians need a model to predict the risk of death, to estimate the survival of heart failure patients. A key element of interest in this area is the survival function, usually noted by S and defined as S(t) = exp(-H0(t)e(a)Tx) = e(-H)0(t)e(a)Tx.

Catana M.,Bagdasar Arseni Emergency Hospital | Francisc A.,National Institute of Legal Medicine Mina Minovici
Romanian Journal of Legal Medicine | Year: 2012

The authors present two cases of traumatic spondylolisthesis operated during the period Jan. 2009 - May 2012, at the Department of Neurosurgery IV of the "Bagdasar Arseni" Emergency Hospital in Bucharest. The traumatic biomechanical conditions were different in the two cases and are presented in the article. Traumatic spondylolisthesis is very rare and usually occurs in competitive sports or road accidents. This has direct forensic implications concerning the analysis of traumatic spondylolisthesis, as well as any traumatic spinal cord injury resulting in neurologic impairment. Symptoms include spinal instability and various neurological syndromes, from simple radiculopathies to cauda equina syndrome. There are usually other thoraco-abdominal injuries associated as well, and treatment generally involves surgical intervention which entails rapid surgical decompression and solid spinal stabilization. © 2012 Romanian Society of Legal Medicine.

Ciurea A.V.,Bagdasar Arseni Emergency Hospital
Journal of medicine and life | Year: 2011

Craniosynostoses are recognized as a group of birth defects that impair the skull structures by early closure of one or more sutures, causing an abnormal cranial shape. Among the "simple" craniosynostoses, (a single closed suture) the most common is scaphocephaly. The 3D CT scan is the most relevant and rapid diagnostic test. The authors present the personal experience of 98 scaphocephaly cases diagnosed and surgically treated in the Neurosurgical Department of "Bagdasar-Arseni" Emergency Hospital during a period of 10 years (2000 - 2009). The procedure of choice was the Stein & Schut (1977) extensive craniotomy that removes the early closed suture. There were no post-operatory death cases and no abnormally closed sutures. The routine use of the craniotome facilitates the lateral osteotomy that allows a normal brain growth and a normal symmetrical skull shape development. The authors advocate for early surgery during the first 6 months of life.

Axente L.,Bagdasar Arseni Emergency Hospital
Journal of medicine and life | Year: 2011

Heart failure (HF) is a common, costly, disabling and deadly syndrome. Heart failure is a progressive disease characterized by high prevalence in society, significantly reducing physical and mental health, frequent hospitalization and high mortality (50% of the patients survive up to 4 years after the diagnosis, the annual mortality varying from 5% to 75%). The purpose of this study is to develop a prognostic model with easily obtainable variables for patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS. Our lot included 101 non-consecutive hospitalized patients with heart failure diagnosis. It included 49.5% women having the average age of 71.23 years (starting from 40 up to 91 years old) and the roughly estimated period for monitoring was 35.1 months (5-65 months). Survival data were available for all patients and the median survival duration was of 44.0 months. A large number of variables (demographic, etiologic, co morbidity, clinical, echocardiograph, ECG, laboratory and medication) were evaluated. We performed a complex statistical analysis, studying: survival curve, cumulative hazard, hazard function, lifetime distribution and density function, meaning residual life time, Ln S (t) vs. t and Ln(H) t vs. Ln (t). The Cox multiple regression model was used in order to determine the major factors that allow the forecasting survival and their regression coefficients: age (0.0369), systolic blood pressure (-0.0219), potassium (0.0570), sex (-0.3124) and the acute myocardial infarction (0.2662). DISCUSSION. Our model easily incorporates obtainable variables that may be available in any hospital, accurately predicting survival of the heart failure patients and enables risk stratification in a few hours after the patients' presentation. Our model is derived from a sample of patients hospitalized in an emergency department of cardiology, some with major life-altering co morbidities. The benefit of being aware of the prognosis of these patients with high risk is extremely beneficial. The use of this model may ease the estimation of the vital prognosis, to improve the compliance and increase in the use of life-saving medical or surgical therapy (pacemakers, implantable defibrillators or transplantation).

Marinescu S.-A.,University of Bucharest | Zarnescu O.,University of Bucharest | Mihai I.-R.,Bagdasar Arseni Emergency Hospital | Giuglea C.,University of Bucharest | Sinescu R.D.,University of Bucharest
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2014

Extensive nerve injuries often leading to nerve gaps can benefit, besides the gold standard represented by autologous nerve grafts, by the inciting field of tissue engineering. To enhance the role of biomaterials in nerve regeneration, the nerve conduits are associated with Schwann or Schwann-like cells. In this study, we evaluated rat sciatic nerve regeneration, by using a biodegradable nerve guide composed of Collagen (COL) and Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA), associated with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). After the exposure of the rat sciatic nerve, a nerve gap was created by excising 1 cm of the nerve. Three experimental groups were used for nerve gap bridging: autografts, nerve conduits filled with medium culture and nerve conduits filled with MSC. The methods of sensory and motor assessment consisted of the functional evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery–toe-spread, pinprick tests and gastrocnemius muscle index (GMI). The histological and immunocytochemical analysis of the probes that were harvested from the repair site was performed at 12 weeks. Successful nerve regeneration was noted in all three groups at the end of the 12th week. The functional and immunocytochemical results suggested that COL–PVA tubes supported with mesenchymal stem cells could be considered similar to autologous nerve grafts in peripheral nerve regeneration, without the drawbacks of the last ones. The functional results were better for the autografts and the ultrastructural data were better for the nerve conduits, but there were not noticed any statistical differences. © 2014 ROMANIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHING HOUSE. All rights reserved.

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