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Sicras-Mainar A.,Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA | Navarro-Artieda R.,Medical Documentation Unit
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment | Year: 2016

Objective: To describe antidepressant (AD) use in the treatment of major depressive disorder during a period of economic crisis. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, observational study using population-based databases. Two periods were considered: 1) 2008–2009, precrisis, and 2) 2012–2013, economic crisis. Certain inclusion/exclusion criteria were taken into account for the study (initiation of AD treatment). Patients were followed up for 12 months. The main measures were use (defined daily doses), epidemiologic measures, strategies used and treatment persistence, referrals, and use of resources. Statistical significance was set at P, ˂0.05. Results: In the precrisis period, 3,662 patients were enrolled, and 5,722 were enrolled in the period of economic crisis. Average age was 58.8 years and 65.4% were women. Comparing the two periods, major depressive disorder prevalence was 5.4% vs 8.1%, P,˂0.001. During the period of economic crisis, AD use rose by 35.2% and drug expenditures decreased by 38.7%. Defined daily dose per patient per day was 10.0 mg vs 13.5 mg, respectively, P, ˂0.001. At 12-month follow-up, the majority of patients (60.8%) discontinued the treatment or continued on the same medication as before, and in 23.3% a change of AD was made. Conclusion: Primary health care professionals are highly involved in the management of the illness; in addition, during the period of economic crisis, patients with major depressive disorder showed higher rates of prevalence of the illness, with increased use of AD drugs. © 2016 Sicras-Mainar and Navarro-Artieda.

Sicras-Mainar A.,Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA | Rejas J.,Pfizer | Navarro-Artieda R.,Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol | Aguado-Jodar A.,Primary Health Care Directorate | And 3 more authors.
International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction | Year: 2014

Introduction and hypothesis: Treatment persistence is low in patients with overactive bladder (OAB), but persistence may vary among antimuscarinic agents. This study compared treatment persistence in patients with OAB receiving fesoterodine, solifenacin, or tolterodine as their initial OAB prescription in a routine clinical practice setting. Methods: This retrospective study used medical records from primary healthcare centers in three locations in Spain; records from patients aged ≥18 years with a diagnosis of OAB who initiated antimuscarinic treatment for OAB (fesoterodine, tolterodine, or solifenacin) were included. The first prescription of one of the OAB study medications was considered the index date; patients were followed for ≥52 weeks. Persistence was estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models, adjusting for covariates. Results: A total of 1,971 records of patients (58.3 % women; mean age 70.1 years) initiating treatment with fesoterodine (n = 302), solifenacin (n = 952), or tolterodine (n = 717) were included. Unadjusted mean (±SD) treatment duration was 31.5 ± 17.6 weeks for fesoterodine, 29.9 ± 21.4 for solifenacin and 29.0 ± 21.6 for tolterodine (p = 0.217). At week 52, 35.8 % of fesoterodine-treated patients remained on their initial therapy, versus 31.9 % of solifenacin-treated (hazard ratio [HR], 1.24; 95 % CI, 1.05-1.47; p = 0.011) and 30.9 % of tolterodine-treated (HR = 1.28; 95 % CI, 1.07-1.52; p = 0.006) patients. Findings were consistent when the definition for discontinuation was varied. Conclusions: Overall persistence at week 52 was low, but the cumulative probability of persisting with initial therapy was significantly higher for fesoterodine than for solifenacin or tolterodine in clinical practice in Spain. © 2013 The International Urogynecological Association.

Sicras-Mainar A.,Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA | Navarro-Artieda R.,Medical Documentation
Diabetes and Metabolism Journal | Year: 2015

Background: To evaluate resource use and health costs due to the combination of metformin and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors in patients with diabetes and renal impairment in routine clinical practice. Methods: An observational, retrospective study was performed. Patients aged ≥30 years treated with metformin who initiated a second oral antidiabetic treatment in 2009 to 2010 were included. Two groups of patients were analysed: metformin+DPP-4 inhibitors and other oral antidiabetics. The main measures were: compliance, persistence, metabolic control (glycosylated hemoglobin<7%) and complications (hypoglycemia, cardiovascular events) and total costs. Patients were followed up for 2 years. Results: We included 395 patients, mean age 70.2 years, 56.5% male: 135 patients received metformin+DPP-4 inhibitors and 260 patients received metformin+other oral antidiabetics. Patients receiving DPP-4 inhibitors showed better compliance (66.0% vs. 60.1%), persistence (57.6% vs. 50.0%), and metabolic control (63.9% vs. 57.3%), respectively, compared with those receiving other oral antidiabetics (P<0.05), and also had a lower rate of hypoglycemia (20.0% vs. 47.7%) and lower total costs (€ 2,486 vs. € 3,002), P=0.001. Conclusion: Despite the limitations of the study, patients with renal impairment treated with DPP-4 inhibitors had better metabolic control, lower rates (association) of hypoglycaemia, and lower health costs for the Spanish national health system. © 2015 Korean Diabetes Association.

Sicras-Mainar A.,Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA | Maurino J.,Roche Holding AG | Ruiz-Beato E.,Roche Holding AG | Navarro-Artieda R.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol
BMC Psychiatry | Year: 2014

Background: To evaluate the prevalence and impact of negative symptoms on healthcare resources utilization and costs in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using electronic medical records from the health provider BSA (Badalona, Spain). All adult outpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were followed for 12 months. Two study groups were defined by the presence or absence of negative symptoms based on the PANSS Negative Symptoms Factor (N1-N4, N6, G7 and G16). Healthcare (direct cost) and non-healthcare costs (work productivity losses) were described. An ANCOVA model was used for correction, p < 0.05. Results: One thousand one hundred and twenty patients were included in the study (mean age: 46.8 ± 13.8 years; male: 58.4%). One or more negative symptoms were present in 52.5% of patients (95% CI: 49.6-55.4%). The most frequent were passive/apathetic social withdrawal and emotional withdrawal (60.5% and 49.8%, respectively). Patients with negative symptoms showed a greater mean number of comorbid conditions and pharmacological treatments. The adjusted unit healthcare cost related to the presence/absence of negative symptoms was €2,190.80 and €1,787.60 and the healthcare cost was €2,085.00 and €1,659.10, respectively; (p < 0.001). Patients with negative symptoms used more healthcare resources, mainly derived from primary care. The presence of negative symptoms was associated with being male, dyslipidemia, obesity and arterial hypertension (OR = 1.7, 1.4, 1.4 and 1.2, respectively). Conclusions: Negative symptoms are highly prevalent in adult outpatients with schizophrenia with a relevant economic impact on the healthcare system. © 2014 Sicras-Mainar et al., licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Sicras-Mainar A.,Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA | Rejas-Gutierrez J.,Pfizer | Navarro-Artieda R.,Documentacion Medica | Ibanez-Nolla J.,Direccion Medica
Lung | Year: 2014

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent condition mainly related to smoking, which is associated with a substantial economic burden. The purpose was to compare healthcare resource utilization and costs according to smoking status in patients with COPD in routine clinical practice. Methods: A retrospective cohort nested case-control study was designed. The cohort was composed of male and female COPD outpatients, 40 years or older, covered by the Badalona Serveis Assistencials (a health provider) health plan. Cases were current smokers with COPD and controls (two per case) were former smokers with COPD (at least 12 months without smoking), matched for age, sex, duration of COPD, and burden of comorbidity. The index date was the last visit recorded in the database, and the analysis was performed retrospectively on healthcare resource utilization data for the 12 months before the index date. Results: A total of 930 COPD records were analyzed: 310 current and 620 former smokers [mean age 69.4 years (84.6 % male)]. Cases had more exacerbations, physician visits of any type, and drug therapies related to COPD were more common. As a consequence, current smokers had higher average annual healthcare costs: €3,784 (1,888) versus €2,302 (2,451), p < 0.001. This difference persisted after adjusting for severity of COPD. Conclusions: Current smokers with COPD had significantly higher use of healthcare resources, mainly COPD drugs and physician visits, compared with former smokers who had abstained for at least 12 months. As a consequence, current smokers had higher healthcare costs to the National Health System in Spain than ex-smokers. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.

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