Ogun State, Nigeria
Ogun State, Nigeria

Babcock University is a private Christian co-educational Nigerian university owned and operated by the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Nigeria. The university is located equidistant between Ibadan and Lagos. Enrolment was about 6,000 as of 2009. Wikipedia.


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Abiodun O.A.,Babcock University | Sotunsa J.O.,Babcock University | Oluwole F.A.,Olabisi Onabanjo University
BMC Public Health | Year: 2014

Background: Cervical cancer is a disease of public health importance affecting many women and contributing to avoidably high levels of cancer deaths in Nigeria. In spite of the relative ease of prevention, the incidence is on the increase. This study aimed to determine the effect of health education on the awareness, knowledge and perception of cervical cancer and screening among women in rural Nigerian communities. Methods. The study design was quasi-experimental. The study was carried out among adult women in Odogbolu (intervention) and Ikenne (control) local government areas (LGA) of Ogun state. Three hundred and fifty (350) women were selected per group by multistage random sampling technique. Data was collected by semi structured interviews with the aid of questionnaire. The intervention consisted of structured health education based on a movie. Result: The intervention raised the level of awareness of cervical cancer and screening to 100% (p < 0.0001). The proportion of women with very good knowledge of cervical cancer and screening rose from 2% to 70.5% (χ 2= 503.7, p < 0.0001) while the proportion of those with good perception rose from 5.1% to 95.1% (p < 0.0001). The mean knowledge and mean perception scores were also increased (p < 0.0001). There was increase in the proportion of women who had undertaken cervical screening from 4.3% to 8.3% (p = 0.038). The major reason stated by the women for not having had cervical screening done was lack of awareness about cervical cancer and screening. There was statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups concerning their knowledge attitude and practice towards cervical and screening (p < 0.05) after the intervention. Conclusion: Multiple media health education based on a movie is effective in creating awareness for and improving the knowledge and perception of adult women about cervical cancer and screening. It also improves the uptake of cervical cancer screening. The creation of awareness is very crucial to the success of a cervical cancer prevention programme. © 2014Abiodun et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Anokwuru C.P.,Babcock University | Esiaba J.,Babcock University | Ajibaye O.,Nigerian Institute of Medical Research NIMR | Adesuyi A.O.,Babcock University
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant | Year: 2011

The polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx in methanol, ethanol, acetone and water extract were studied. The Total Phenolic Content (TPC) was determined using folin Ciocalteu method while the Total Flavonoid Content (TFC) was determined using aluminum chloride method. Antioxidant activities were determined using 2,2-diphenyl-l-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) inhibition and lipid peroxidation inhibition. Methanol extracted the highest total phenolic content (29.2 mg GAE/g DW) and was significantly different (p<0.05) from the water and acetone extracts only. Acetone extracted the highest flavonoid content (53.6 mg QE/g DW) and was significantly different from the other solvents used. Methanol extract gave the highest inhibition to DPPH (78%) and was only significantly different (p<0.05) from acetone and water extracts. Ethanol gave the highest inhibition to lipid peroxidation (26%) but was not significantly different (p<0.05) from the other solvent extracts. There was a stronger correlation obtained between TPC and inhibition of DPPH (r = 0.969) compared to TFC and DPPH (r = 0.742). The study showed that methanol and ethanol were better solvents for the extraction of phenols of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx compared to water and acetone. It also showed that phenols contributed more to the antioxidant activity of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx compared to flavonoids. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.


Ezekiel C.N.,Babcock University | Sulyok M.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Warth B.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Odebode A.C.,University of Ibadan | Krska R.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
Food Control | Year: 2012

The spectrum of mycotoxins and other fungal metabolites was evaluated by a liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric (LC/ESI-MS/MS) technique in 29 peanut cake samples collected from markets in five states of Nigeria. A total of 20 fungal metabolites were detected at concentrations up to 7400 μg/kg in case of kojic acid. Metabolites produced by . Aspergillus species were the most prevalent toxins. As considers mycotoxins addressed by regulations, aflatoxins exceeded the USDA maximum limit of 20 μg/kg in about 90% samples. Seven fungal metabolites reported in this study have to our knowledge never been found previously to occur in naturally contaminated grains, nuts and oil seeds or their products. Possible health effects of the observed concentrations of fungal metabolites were discussed based on toxicological data from literature. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Salawu O.T.,University of Ibadan | Salawu O.T.,Babcock University | Odaibo A.B.,University of Ibadan
Journal of Pediatric Urology | Year: 2014

Objective The study evaluates the prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis and diagnostic performance of chemical reagent strips used for disease diagnosis in preschool-aged children (≤5 years) in Nigeria rural communities. Patients and methods Urine samples from 419 children were observed microscopically for Schistosoma haematobium and screened for hematuria using standard urine chemical reagent strips. Results Prevalence and intensity of infection were 9.8% and 14.4 eggs/10 ml of urine, respectively. Prevalence of infection was similar in girls (10%) and boys (9.6%) (p > 0.05). The intensity of infection was higher in boys (17.1 eggs/10 ml of urine) than in girls (12.8 eggs/10 ml of urine); however, this was not gender dependent (p > 0.05). The occurrence of hematuria was not associated with gender (p > 0.05), but was associated with prevalence of infection (p < 0.05). Conclusion Infection with S. haematobium occurs early in life in the communities and although intensity of infection is low, it could have serious implications in disease transmission. Hematuria, although moderately sensitive to infection, is an important morbidity indicator of urogenital schistosomiasis in the study population. © 2013 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Background: Hypertension is an important worldwide public-health challenge because of its high frequency and concomitant risks of cardiovascular and kidney disease. Previous studies have documented that hypertension may begin in adolescence, perhaps even in childhood. Objectives: This study set out to determine the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension in adolescence in a Nigerian community. Methods: A cross-sectional screening of blood pressure of secondary school students was conducted in Sagamu local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria.Total sample of 1638 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years were chosen from stratified schools and from various classes of selected schools. Their blood pressure was assessed. Results: The prevalence of pre-hypertension in this population ranged from 0-10.5% in male students and 0-2.9% in female students across the age. In the whole population the prevalence of systolic and diastolic pre-hypertension were 1.6% and 0.5% respectively for male adolescents while that of female students were 0.4% and 0.5% respectively. The low prevalence of 0.1% was observed for systolic and diastolic hypertension in male and 0.1% for female systolic hypertension. Furthermore, pre-hypertension prevalence was increased with age. Conclusion: In conclusion, our data demonstrated a low prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension in Nigerian adolescents living in Sagamu local government area of Ogun state, south west Nigeria.


Objective: Unsafe abortions account for nearly one-third of maternal deaths among young people. Women who have an induced abortion are usually literate and less than 30 years old; usually undergraduates with unintended pregnancies. Many of these pregnancies could have been prevented by contraception. The aim of this study was to determine the correlates of uptake of emergency contraception among university students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1328 sexually active, never married female university students. Self-administered questionnaire was used to assess knowledge, perception and practice of emergency contraception. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of emergency contraception. Results: Majority of the participants were aware of emergency contraception (72.6%), had good knowledge (56.0%), and had the perception that it is effective (74.6%) and easy to use (72.4%). The main sources of information about emergency contraception were friends (32.9%) and the media (20.0%). About 52.0% of the participants had unprotected sex in the preceding six months, while 718 (54.1%) had ever used emergency contraception. The main sources of the commodities were sexual partners (46.2%) and medicine stores (35.4%). The uptake of emergency contraception was predicted by being ≤19 years (AOR = 3.193), rural dwelling (AOR = 4.247), perceptions that it is effective (AOR = 2.229E11) and easy to use (AOR = 6.680E8). Conclusion: Use of contraception among sexually active female Nigerian university students is predicted by the perception about its effectiveness and ease of use. Sexual and reproductive health programmes should focus on improving knowledge and addressing misconception in order to improve perception about emergency contraception. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Salawu O.T.,University of Ibadan | Salawu O.T.,Babcock University | Odaibo A.B.,University of Ibadan
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2013

Objective To assess the epidemiology of urogenital schistosomiasis among pregnant women in rural communities of southwestern Nigeria. Methods The present cross-sectional epidemiologic survey of urogenital schistosomiasis was conducted during 2010-2011 among pregnant women in Yewa North Local Government, Ogun State, Nigeria. The women were microscopically screened for infection with Schistosoma haematobium. Results Of 313 volunteer participants, 20.8% tested positive for S. haematobium infection. The prevalence of infection was highest (31.5%) among women aged 20-24 years. The infection intensity did not differ significantly between age groups (t = 1.848, P = 0.71). Primigravidae and women in the first trimester of pregnancy had the highest intensity of infection with 33.1 and 27.7 eggs/10 mL of urine, respectively. There was an association between disease prevalence and parasite intensity across the age groups (χ2 = 68.82, P = 0.02). The prevalence of S. haematobium was not associated with age or pregnancy trimester (P = 0.06), but associations existed between intensity of infection and gravidity (P = 0.001). Conclusion The prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis among pregnant women in Nigeria was high, with younger women and primigravidae at the greatest risk. These data can be used to develop a schistosomiasis control program among pregnant women in the study area. © 2013 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.


Akinyele I.O.,University of Ibadan | Shokunbi O.S.,Babcock University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

This study compared the dry ashing and wet digestion methods of processing food samples for elemental analysis. The concentrations of trace elements (manganese, iron, copper and zinc) and heavy metals (chromium, cadmium, lead and nickel) were determined in varieties of samples classified as fruits, leafy and fruity vegetables, tubers, legumes and cereals, obtained from Abeokuta, South-West, Nigeria. The metal concentrations were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer according to standard methods. The accuracy of the procedures was confirmed by spiking some samples and evaluating their recoveries. The metal levels evaluated were relatively higher in the dry-ashed samples than the wet-digested samples. However, the results showed non-significant differences in most data obtained after processing with the two methods. The dry ashing method is recommended for digestion of food items in these categories because: it involves lesser amount of chemical reagents and related hazards; it requires simple equipment and achieved better recovery. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Akinyele I.O.,University of Ibadan | Shokunbi O.S.,Babcock University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

This study was designed to determine the levels of microminerals (manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr)) and heavy metals (cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and nickel (Ni)) in some tubers, legumes and cereals obtained from the markets in Abeokuta city, South-West Nigeria. The food samples were digested by dry ashing procedure and their minerals were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results show mean values of 1.67-32.00, 7.25-61.58, 1.59-10.56, 6.65-46.99, 0.02-0.58, <0.01-0.09, <0.08, and 0.06-0.14 mg/kg for Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Cr, Cd, Pb and Ni respectively. The levels of these metals in all the samples analysed were within the ranges reported for similar tubers, legumes and cereals from various parts of the world. The daily intakes of the metals through tubers, legumes and cereals were found to be lower than the provisional tolerable daily intakes proposed by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Asika N.,Babcock University | Awolusi O.D.,Babcock University
International Journal of Services and Operations Management | Year: 2013

Business process reengineering (BPR) is a fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical contemporary measures of performance such as cost, quality, speed and services (Al-Mashari and Zairi, 1999). This paper provides a holistic view of the BPR implementation process, by reviewing the hard and soft factors that cause success and failure for BPR implementation, as well as, examine the effectiveness of the critical success factors (CSFs) of BPR on both primary (operational) and secondary (organisational) measures of business performance in Nigerian oil and gas industry. The aim was achieved through an empirical study involving the administration of 650 self-administered questionnaires to a randomly selected senior and management staff of eight (8) re-engineered oil and gas companies in Nigeria. Using the framework from Khong and Richardson (2003), several hypotheses were tested, via structural equation modelling (SEM). Using SEM, multivariate analyses were mathematically represented in a single equation, and findings from this study confirmed that BPR had significant association on business performance of Nigerian oil and gas companies. Copyright © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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