Fukuda Y.,Babcock Hitachi K. K.
Materials Science Forum | Year: 2011
Japanese government project of the A-USC technology was started in 2008 August. 700°C class boiler, turbine and valve technologies, which include high temperature material technology, will be developed. This report provides the present state of the art and technical background of this development effort for A-USC in Japan, especially focusing the high temperature corrosion and the steam oxidation behavior of available and developmental materials for boiler. © (2011) Trans Tech Publications.
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2010-07-02
A solid fuel burner and its combustion method suited for encouraging fuel ignition and avoiding slugging caused by combustion ash, wherein a gas of low oxygen concentration (exhaust combustion gas) is used as a carrier gas of such a low grade solid fuel as brown coal. An additional air nozzle for jetting additional air having a velocity component in the circumferential direction of a fuel nozzle is provided in the fuel nozzle, thereby encouraging mixing between the fuel and air in the fuel nozzle. Further, the amount of air supplied from the additional air nozzle is adjusted in response to the difference in combustion loads. Under light load, the amount of air supplied from the additional air nozzle is increased so as to increase the oxygen concentration of the circulating flow formed downstream of the outside of the outlet of the fuel nozzle, whereby stable combustion is ensured. Under heavy load, by contrast, the amount of air supplied from the additional air nozzle is decreased, and a flame is formed away from the fuel nozzle in such a way that burner structures and furnace wall will be less subjected to radiant heat.
Hitachi Ltd. and Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2014-04-30
Asubcriticalpressurehigh-temperaturesteampowerplant includes a combustion boiler system (10), steam turbine generator system (20), and condensate and feedwater system (30) and wherein the conditions of steam generated in the boiler system (10) and supplied to the steam turbine generator system (20) are subcritical pressure and high temperature (turbine inlet temperature of 593C or more).
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2012-07-18
A pulverized coal boiler of the present invention is structured so as to form, among upper and lower after-air nozzles, an opening serving as an outlet of the lower after-air nozzle positioned on the upstream side is formed in a rectangular shape, a cylindrical section for defining a minimum flow path area of combustion air flowing through a flow path of the after-air nozzle is installed inside of the lower after-air nozzles along the flow path of the lower after-air nozzle, and a swirl blade for giving a swirl force to the combustion air flowing through the flow path of the after-air nozzles is installed inside of the cylindrical section, and the flow path of the lower after-air nozzles is formed so that a flow path area of the flow path of the after-air nozzles through which the combustion air flows from a position where the cylindrical section is installed toward the opening of each of the lower after-air nozzles is expanded.
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2013-11-20
Areliable and cost-effective boiler equipped with a sound air supply nozzle which enables the following is provided: even when there is a gap between the nozzle provided in a through hole communicating with the interior of a furnace and the through hole, a strong swirl flow along the inner surface of the furnace wall can be formed; and burnout due to radiant heat can be suppressed. The air supply nozzle has the through hole in the furnace wall comprised of a water pipe, the nozzle supplying air is inserted into the through hole, and there is the gap between the nozzle and the through hole. The air supply nozzle is so configured that the position of the tip of the nozzle is located at a distance of 0.8 times the nozzle inside diameter or more away from the furnace wall inner surface and a tangential velocity component is given to gas jetting out of the nozzle.
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2012-12-28
The CO_(2 )capture system by chemical absorption for removing CO_(2 )from a combustion exhaust gas by a solvent, comprising: an absorber for absorbing CO_(2 )by a solvent, a regenerator for heating a rich solvent absorbed CO_(2 )thereby releasing CO_(2), a gas exhaust system for discharging gas from the regenerator, a gas compressor installed in the gas exhaust system, a heat exchanger disposed downstream of the gas compressor for exchanging heat between compressed gas and rich solvent to be supplied to the regenerator, a gas-liquid separator disposed downstream of the heat exchanger for separating gas from condensed water, a condensed water supply system for supplying condensed water from the gas-liquid separator to the regenerator, another gas exhaust system for discharging gas containing high-concentration CO_(2 )from the gas-liquid separator, and a compressor disposed downstream of the gas-liquid separator in the another gas exhaust system for pressurizing the gas containing high-concentration CO_(2).
Babcock Hitachi K. K. and Hitachi Ltd. | Date: 2013-09-06
A subcritical pressure high-temperature steam power plant includes a combustion boiler system, steam turbine generator system, and condensate and feedwater system and wherein the conditions of steam generated in the boiler system and supplied to the steam turbine generator system are subcritical pressure and high temperature (turbine inlet temperature of 593 C. or more).
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2013-05-31
A pulverized coal-fired boiler efficiently supplies air to a central part of a furnace and the neighborhood of a furnace wall, thereby promoting mixture with combustion gas, and reducing both NOx and CO. The main after air ports are structured so as to jet air having a large momentum for enabling arrival at the central part of the furnace, and the sub-after air ports are structured so as to jet air having a small momentum to the neighborhood of the wall face of the furnace, and a sectional center of each of the sub-after air ports is within a range from 1 to 5 times of a caliber of the main after air ports from a sectional center of each of the main after air ports.
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2010-11-23
A nitrogen oxide removing catalyst has a porous material having fine holes with controlled diameters and a catalyst having an active ingredient supported in the fine holes are used. In one instance, the diameter of the plurality of fine holes is within a range of 8-9 . The fine hole diameter is preferably from 8-9 when the diameter is measured in a gas adsorption method in which fine holes with diameters of 3.4-14 can be measured. The fine hole diameter is also preferably from 8-9 when the fine hole diameter is calculated from a crystal structure. In another instance, the porous material is mesoporous silica. The primary particle diameter of the mesoporous silica is preferably within a range of 150-300 nm. The nitrogen oxide removing catalyst having superior durability and a method of removing nitrogen oxides are also provided.
Babcock Hitachi K. K. | Date: 2012-01-12
A spray nozzle is provided with upper and lower channels and from respective surfaces, the two channels form a cross shape, and become a fuel spray hole by communication of an intersecting part. A guide member is provided, in contact with the upstream-side channel, in a position overlapped with the intersecting part with respect to the spray direction of the spray nozzle. Spray fluid is branched with the guide member from the fuel fluid duct connected to the spray nozzle, passes through the upstream-side channel, to the intersecting part, and is sprayed. The spray fluid forms opposed flows toward the intersecting part in the upstream-side channel to collide with each other at an obtuse angle of 90 or greater, then is sprayed from the intersecting part, to form a thin fan-shaped liquid film. The liquid film is divided by a shearing force from the peripheral gas, atomized into spray particles.